Inga Zinicovscaia, Mira Aničić Urošević, Konstantin Vergel, Ecaterina Vieru, Marina V. Frontasyeva, Igor Povar and Gheorghe Duca
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 Aničić M, Frontasyeva MV, Tomašević M, Popović A. Assessment of atmospheric deposition of heavy metals and other elements in Belgrade using the mossbiomonitoring technique and neutron activation analysis. Environ Monit Assess. 2007;129:207-219. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-006-9354-y.
 Zinicovscaia I, Hramco C, Duliu OG, Vergel K, Culicov OA, Frontasyeva MV, et al. Air pollution study in the Republic of Moldova using mossbiomonitoring technique. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2017
Paweł Kapusta, Grażyna Szarek-Łukaszewska, Barbara Godzik and Barbara Łopata
In this study, atmospheric deposition of nitrogen was determined for Poland by moss biomonitoring. Nitrogen content was measured in the moss Pleurozium schreberi (Willd. ex Brid.) Mitt. sampled in 2010 from 320 sites evenly distributed throughout the country. Mosses (green parts) contained an average 1.56% nitrogen. The result places Poland among the European countries most polluted by airborne nitrogen. The highest nitrogen concentrations were found in mosses from the central and southern parts of the country, and the lowest in samples from some eastern and northern regions. Multiple regression showed that this variability was due mostly to nitrogen emissions from agricultural and industrial areas (moss nitrogen was positively associated with the consumption of mineral nitrogen fertilizers and the magnitude of particulate pollution). Some details of the spatial variability of the nitrogen data indicate that local and regional point sources of pollution (e.g., chemical plants) played an important role in shaping the nitrogen deposition pattern
Several large-scale and fine-scale biomonitoring surveys were carried out in the Czech Republic to estimate current and long-term accumulated atmospheric deposition rates using moss, spruce bark and forest floor humus as bioindicators since the end of 1980s. The results of the bioindicator analyses significantly correlated with available figures of deposition rates detected at the EMEP or Czech national measurement stations.
The moss monitoring programmes revealed position of about 7 hot spots of high deposition loads of about 35-40 elements and indicated spatiotemporal decrease in the element deposition rates caused by restructuralization of industry, desulphurization of coal power plants and ceased distribution of leaded petrol. The deposition loads of toxic and risk elements have significantly decreased since the end of 1980s; however, increasing atmospheric deposition rates of reactive nitrogen has been bioindicated recently. The fine-scale moss monitoring campaigns, for example, delimited deposition zones around selected emission sources, revealed changes in deposition rates after introducing new technologies or delimited contaminated area in the surroundings of a chlor-alkali plant after a catastrophic flood episode. Deposition ranges of main pollution sources were mapped depicting the aerial distribution of stable lead isotopic ratios in moss, because the isotopic ratios are highly specific for each pollution source.
Monitoring the spruce bark parameters enabled to recognise the distribution of acid rain, dust and sulphate deposition rates and their spatiotemporal changes across the country between 1987 and 2010. The bark investigations along altitudinal profiles showed diminishing effect of air pollution on spruce bark parameters with increasing elevation. This phenomenon can be explained by a decreasing capacity of reduced tree crowns to trap air pollutants in the mountain environment.
The mapping of element content in forest floor humus revealed position of long-term spots of high accumulation of industrial pollutants and Chernobyl-derived 137Cs in forests. Knowledge of these hot spots is important for health and environmental protection mainly in the areas where most of the former emission sources were cancelled and the current low atmospheric deposition rates may make a false impression of the clean landscape.
The data of the Czech national moss biomonitoring surveys were accepted and stored in the database of UN ECE ICP-Vegetation for checking of air pollution and its possible effects on vegetation in Europe.
Claudia Buteana, Zoita M. Berinde, Cristina Mihali, Angela M. Michnea, Anamaria Gavra and Mirela Simionescu
the Aliaga industrial region, Turkey, Atmos. Res. 2014, 149, 204-216.
7. Fang, G.C.; Zheng, Y.C. Diurnal ambient air particles, metallic elements dry deposition, concentrations study during year of 2012-2013 at a traffic site, Atmos. Environ. 2014, 88, 39-46.
8. Culicov, O.A.; Frontasyeva, M.V.; Steinnes, E.; Okina, O.S.; Santa Zs.; Todoran R. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals around the lead and copper-zinc smelters in Baia Mare, Romania, studied by the mossbiomonitoring technique, neutron activation ananlysis and flame atomic
Darinka Gjorgieva, Tatjana Kadifkova-Panovska, Katerina Bačeva and Trajče Stafilov
the lead and zinc smelting plant in Veles, Macedonia. Ecol Protect Environ 1997;4:35-8.
Barandovski L, Cekova M, Frontasyeva MV, Pavlov SS, Stafilov T, Steinnes E, Urumov V. Atmospheric deposition of trace element pollutants in Macedonia studied by the mossbiomonitoring technique. Environ Monit Assess 2008;138:107-18.
Stafilov T, Šajn R, Pančevski Z, Boev M, Frontasyeva V, Strelkova LP. Heavy metal contamination of topsoils around a lead and zinc smelter in the Republic of Macedonia. J Hazard Mater 2010
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 Kłos A, Aleksiayenak YA, Ziembik Z, Rajfur M, Jerz D, Wacławek M, et al. The use of neutron activation analysis in the biomonitoring of trace element deposition in the Opole Province. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2013;20(4):677-87. DOI: 10.2478/eces-2013-0046.
 Zinicovscaia I, Aničić Urošević M, Vergel K, Vieru E, Frontasyeva MV, Povar I, et al. Active mossbiomonitoring of trace elements air pollution in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2018;25(3):361-72. DOI: 10
Małgorzata Rajfur, Paweł Świsłowski, Filip Nowainski and Bogusław Śmiechowicz
 Zinicovscaia I, Aničić Urošević M, Vergel K, Vieru E, Frontasyeva MV, Povar I, et al. Active mossbiomonitoring of trace elements air pollution in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2018;25(3):361-372. DOI: 10.1515/eces-2018-0024.
 Arndt J, Friedrich-Planer B. Moss bag monitoring as screening technique to estimate the relevance of methylated arsine emission. Sci Total Environ. 2018;610-611:1590-1594. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.123.
 Capozzi F, Giordano S, Di Palma A, Spagnuolo V, De Nicola F, Adamo P
Zbigniew Podkówka, Bohuslav Čermák, Witold Podkówka and Jan Brouček
elements to forest ecosystems of the Kampinoski National Park. Ekológia (Bratislava) , 31, 125-137. DOI: 10.4149/ekol_2012_02_125.
Lüttich, M., Dämmgen, U., Haenel, H.D., Döhler, H., Eurich-Menden, B. & Osterburg B. (2007). Berechnungen der Emissionen aus der deutschen Landwirtschaft - Nationaler Emissionsbericht (NIR) 2007 für 2005. Landbauforschung Völkenrode , Sonderheft, 304A, 1-346.
Maòkovská, B. & Oszlányi J. (2010). Long term air pollution studies (1990-2005) in Báb research sites using the mossbiomonitoring technique. Ekológia (Bratislava) , 29, 40
Tomasz Ciesielczuk, Tomasz Olszowski, Marcin Prokop and Andrzej Kłos
heavy metals in praded and glacensis euroregions (Poland and Czech Republic). Water Air Soil Pollut. 2011;222:367-376. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0830-9.
 Kłos A, Rajfur M, Wacławek M, Wacławek W. Impact of roadway particulate matter on deposition of pollutants in the vicinity of main roads. Environ Protect Eng. 2009;3:105-121.
 Aničić M, Tasić M, Frontasyeva MV, Tomašević M, Rajšić S, Mijić Z, Popović A. Active mossbiomonitoring of trace elements with Sphagnum girgensohnii moss bags in relation to atmospheric bulk deposition in