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Introduction While monuments and memorials are as old as humanity, since the end of 19th century memorials commemorating events and/or individuals of national importance have become essential elements of the landscape. Commemorative plaques, statues, memorials ( Foote & Azaryahu 2007 ) or street names ( Azaryahu 1996a ; Alderman 2003 ; Giraut & Houssay-Holzschuch 2016 ) have a seemingly clear function: by placing a physical reminder in the public space they intend to enhance the recollection and integration of memories related to the subject of the

References Beavan, J. (2005). Noise Properties of Continuous GPS Data from Concrete Pillar Geodetic Monuments in New Zealand and Comparison with Data from U.S. Deep Drilled Braced Monuments. J. Geophys. Res., 110, B08410, doi:10.1029/2005JB003642 Gerhatova, L., Hefty, J., Papco, J. & Minarikova, M. (2015). Pillar Monitoring of GNSS Permanent Station MOP2. In Družicové metody v geodézii a katastru: sborník referátů ze semináře s medzinárodní účastí. Brno, ČR, 5. 2. 2015. 1. vyd. Brno: ECON, 2015, pp. 13-18. ISBN 978-80-86433-59-2 (in Slovak) Gerhatova, L., Hefty

5. REFERENCES Fetea I. 2008. Aplicaţii ale fotogrametriei pentru inventarierea clădirilor monument istoric (Applications of photogrammetry for surveying historic buildings). Annals of University of Oradea, I Section: Architecture and Engineering,11. Buda A. S., Koncsag M. E., Suba N. 2010. Stone Quarry Scaning Techniques Using DR Total Stations, Journal of Geodesy and Cadastre, p. 35-43, RevCAD no.10, 2010, ISSN 1583-2279; Bărbuică L. 2012. Performativitatea spaţiului public. Strategii legate de patrimoniul industrial. (Performativity of public space. Strategies

Kampinos National Park (in Polish with English summary). Engineering thesis. SGGW, Warszawa. Borońska, A. 2007. The trees – the candidates for monument of nature within the preservation area of Kampinos National Park (in Polish with English summary). Engineering thesis. SGGW, Warszawa. Ciasnocha, M. 2005. State of trees and shrubs – candidates for nature monuments in Poleski National Park (in Polish with English summary). Master thesis. SGGW, Warszawa. Cwalina, D. 2004. Ocena wartości pomnikowych dębów Kampinoskiego Parku Narodowego. Master thesis. SGGW, Warszawa. GDOŚ

primenenii častotnych slovarej v istoričeskoj leksikologii russkogo jazyka [About the usage of frequency dictionaries in the historical lexicology of the Russian language.] In Voprosy jazykoznanija, 2, pages 109–117. [8] Tvorogov O. V. (1961). O tipe slovaria k literaturnomu pamiatniku [The type of dictionary to the literary monument.] In Vestnik Leningradskogo universiteta, 14(3). Serija istorii, jazyka i literatury, pages 119–129. [9] Tvorogov O. V. (1962). Slovar’-kommentarij k “Povesti vremennych let” [Dictionary-commentary on the “Tale of Bygone Years”] Author

Abstract

Ernő Foerk’s most well-known work in architectural circles is certainly the volume published in the reprint edition, which collects the material of the building surveys conducted by the students of the Hungarian Royal Public Higher Architectural Industrial School between 1912-1942. The introduction to each volume shows that he considered to document the buildings as the main task of the surveys - besides their role in education - and thus to serve the Hungarian culture. Architectural surveying is still one of the most important starting points for monument reconditioning. Ideally, the process of monument reconditioning consists of the following steps: Scientific Research - Pre-planning Technical Studies – Compilation of a Planning Program and Planning - Professional Authority Control (getting of building permission) – Building Construction Work and (Fine Art) Restoration - Maintenance. This paper presents the essential role of surveying in this process.

Abstract

Present paper is about Ernő Foerk’s several architectural works which involved monument preservation. Questions about the theory and practice of monument preservation are surveyed, focusing on restoration and reconstruction in Hungary in the marked period.

References Afanasieva, R. R., & Tsatsulin, A. N. (2016a). Assessment of Insurance Cost of Religious historical and Cultural Monuments. Administrative Consulting, 11, 128-142. [In Russian]. Retrieved from https://www.acjournal.ru/jour/article/view/461/462 Afanasyeva, R. R., & Tsatsulin, A. N. (2016b). Economic and Legal-Technical Aspects of Protection, Ownership and Valuation of Listed Buildings [Ekonomicheskie i yuridiko-tekhnicheskie aspekty sokhraneniya, vladeniya i otsenki stoimosti pamyatnikov arkhitektury]. Vestnik of National Tourism Academy [Vestnik

Abstract

The article deals with problems of reconstruction of the facade and the associated problem of replacement or repair of the panels. In conventional buildings it is a smooth operation, but it is problematic in monument-protected objects. In the case of a common building, it is possible to choose any modern panels and simply replace them, but for historical objects we have to follow the claims and the rules of monument protection. In practice, it usually means the impossibility of use of modern panels, but at least a combination of old and modern technologies. Another possible solution to the problem is renovation, or repairs to the original state of the existing panels, of course with respect to the functionality of such panels. The implementation of such repairs must always be based on the technical and historical survey of the condition of the object and the repairs must be professionally designed. Subsequently, corrections are made, during which it is necessary to pay particular attention to observance of the technological procedures, rules and instructions particularly in terms of monument protection. However, the functionality of the works or elements made with regard to the quality of the environment within the building is not negligible. A common problem is the lack of control of technical requirements and functional requirements. Underestimation of the problems then leads to difficult repairs. The article points to the mistakes and problems of one such construction project on a historically protected chateau building.

. [3] List of historical monuments in Romania . (2015) – Ministry of Culture and National Patrimony. [4] Borovszky, Samu. (1911), Magyarország vármégyei és városai enciklopediája: Torontál vármegye . Budapest; (1914), Magyarország vármegyéi és városai enciklopediája: Temes vármegye . Budapest. [5] Coriolan, Suciu. (1968), Dictionar istoric al localităților din Transilvania . Editura Academiei. Horváth, Hilda. (2010), Stílus, szellem, tradíció. A történelmi Magyaroszág kastélyai . Várpalota: Szindbad Nonprofit Kft.–Trianon Múzeum Alapítvány [CD]. [6] Julean