The period sees the transition of the ordinary fighter from feudal levy, yeoman or city burgher militia, to subject in an absolute polity, to today’s concept of the free citizen in a democratic state. In the period, the Swiss Confederacy was the only major polity that was not monarchical, but republican, and at the same time eschewed a standing army in favour of continued reliance on militia throughout.
A commonwealth’s military organisation is clearly one of fundamental importance to its own understanding of the nature of rule - its “constitution”. The article traces the transition and relates it to the concept of government under the different theories of the period.
Military action is a specific type of human action which takes place in a particular physical, geographic and psychological environment. In this article we refer to the specific conditions in which military leadership is running. Also, we refer to the qualities of the military leader
This article discusses some key aspects of the military technical culture on the basis of theoretical considerations and on the basis of preliminary research based on the questionnaire, with topics specific to the technical systems management issues. Although specialized literature does not provide enough theoretical evidence to investigate the problem, the setting of characteristics and components based on the military organization’s specificity in terms of the theory of capabilities is actually achieved as a national contribution. These aspects are analyzed in the wider framework of modern military managerial practice, while outlining the contribution of a robust level of the technical culture to the achievement of managerial performance.
Public procurement is an important part of any economy, regardless of the geographical location, political orientation or level of development. Therefore, they can be considered as a separate part, but not insignificant, of the business of a functioning market economy. Moreover, they benefit from its own law, including the global economic agreements governing commercial transactions of this type. One of the most important goals of the activities of public institutions is to “deliver” to the taxpayer (in this sphere of beneficiaries of public services are included both individuals and legal entities) services of a quality as high as possible, trying to satisfy their requirements. With a strategic-military background in a rapidly changing context, institutions that are part of the national defense system, public order and national security, are faced today, seemingly more than ever with challenges increasingly vocal expressed, to supply services of personal security at a level and a quality that generates peace and calm of everyday life. We therefore believe that a pragmatic and realistic approach is required to procurement in military organizations, aiming goals and measuring results in a clear and precise manner.
This paper is intended to be, first of all a review of theoretical literature on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and for that, we tried to define the concept and to separate it from other similar concepts, and to analyze the dimensions of this type of behavior. Secondly, we identified the dimensions of Organizational Citizenship Behavior in military organizations, in order to see how OCB could influence the organizational performance.
At present the approach and application of management within the military organization is marked by the rethinking of managerial positions, scientific breakthroughs and know-how on one hand, and the concern related to the functionality and performance of departments on the other. Such aspects have demonstrated the utmost necessity of an intense and balanced approach to prediction, organization, training, coordination and control-evaluation. In the context of the contemporary globalized business environment, internal auditing has become an essential tool in the leadership of any organization, determining changes and transformations within its constitutive systems (accountancy, decision-making, information, etc.) as well functionality at a high level of performance. The purpose and importance of auditing lies in its stimulation and increase of efficiency within the organization or system it is conducted in, all the more so since it is applied impartially and without compromise, revealing the reality to the leading staff, assuring them that their strategy is correctly applied and that the expected effects in the use of supplies, efficiency and efficacy are the ones predicted.
In this paper, we present the partial results of a study that aims to highlight the link between affectivity and work performance in the military organization. We considered that the anxiety generated by daily activities is an important factor that can affect the performance at work of the military personnel. To measure this type of anxiety we used the Job Anxiety subscale, which is a part of Job Stress Scale developed by Parker & DeCotiis. The Job Anxiety subscale is constructed to exceed the specific features of each occupation or workplace, making it suitable for measuring the level of anxiety in the military environment. Cronbach's coefficient indicates a good internal consistency of the subscale. To test the criterion reliability, we correlated this subscale with a related construct: the anxiety as a trait measured by STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory). The job anxiety correlated significantly positive with anxiety-trait.
Enormously studied by specialists, the leadership of organizations is a primordial issue because the leader’s style conditions the efficiency of any social organization. This is one of the reasons why the current scientific concerns focus on studying the ways of improving leadership and the choice of leaders who have the skills and capabilities to successfully perform such functions. This paper deals with the characteristics of the military organization and the complex environment in which it operates, imposing major demands on the military leaders, who must develop certain skills and abilities in order to cope with the wide range of challenges they are confronted with on the modern battlefield. It also points to the features of charismatic leaders, drawing the attention to the relationship between subordinates and leaders, a relationship that is based on an emotional, spiritual, even non-rational bond between leaders and followers.
The article considers the importance of military service in social advancement, here understood as filling the role of “prince” in feudal law and thus participating in the government of an estate, in the transition from the Late Middle Ages to the Renaissance or Early Modern Age. In the context of a city burgher or a petty noble or knight advancing into a government role, did honour require that the individual have experience in fighting – in war, military organisation and leadership? How did mercenaries figure? What role, if any, did Fechtmeister, Fechtbücher, Fechtschulen or Kriegsbücher play?
The toxic leadership refers to destructive behaviours and leaders’ personal characteristics which cause serious damage to the subordinates and organizations. Still, what is toxic for the military in one country can be good in another one, given the cultural differences. This article wants to emphasize, from a theoretical approach, the main characteristics and effects of toxic leadership within the military organization.