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REFERENCES 1. Bhattacharya PT, Misra SR, Hussain, M . Nutritional Aspects of Essential Trace Elements in Oral Health and Disease: An Extensive Review. Scientifica (Cairo) 1–12, 2016 2. Willershausen B, Ross A, Forsch M, Willershausen I, Mohaupt PH, Callaway A The influence of micronutrients on oral and general health. Eur J Med Res 16(11): 514-8. 2011. 3. Åsgård, R, Rytter E, Basu S, Abramsson-Zetterberg L, Moller L, Vessby B . High intake of fruit and vegetables is related to low oxidative stress and inflammation in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes

breadmaking flours and bran naturally enriched in oleic acid and minerals but not phytic acid. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53: 2751-2759. SHI R., ZHANG Y., CHEN X., SUN Q., ZHANG F., ROMHELD V., ZOU Ch. 2010. Influence of long-term nitrogen fertilization on micronutrient density in grain of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Cereal Science, 51, 1: 165-170. STANKOWSKI S., HURY G., MAKAREWICZ A., JURGIEL-MAŁECKA G., GIBCZYŃSKA M. 2016. Analiza zawartości składników mineralnych w ziarnie orkiszu ozimego ( Triticum aestivum ssp. spelta L.) w

. Belluscio LM, Berardino BG, Ferroni NM, Ceruti JM, Cánepa ET. Early protein malnutrition negatively impacts physical growth and neurological reflexes and evokes anxiety and depressive-like behaviors. Physiol Behav. 2014 Apr 22;129:237-54. DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh. 2014.02.051 5. Micro-nutrient | Define Micro-nutrient at Dictionary. com [Internet]. [cited 2014 Aug 15]. Available from: 6. Sadava DE, Hillis DM, Heller HC, Berenbaum M. Life: The Science of Biology. Ninth Edition. Sunderland, MA: MPS / W. H. Freeman & Co

Effect of conventional and whole-tree clear-cutting on concentrations of some micronutrients in coniferous forest soil and plants

Increasingly intensive and mechanized clear-cutting may deplete the forest ecosystem of essential nutrients. A clear-cut area near Växjö, southern Sweden, was investigated for changes in Mn, Cu and Zn in soil (NH4NO3 extractable and HNO3 soluble) and wavy hair grass (Deschampsia flexuosa) after conventional (CC) and whole-tree clear-cutting (WTC). The soil samples were mostly iron podzols. The area consisted of four clear-cut sites, respectively 2, 4, 6 and 8 years old, and an uncut forest reference stand. Each of the clear-cuts was split in two parts representing WTC and CC sites. Manganese showed the most definite trends after clear-cutting, exhibiting higher extractable concentrations in Oe, Oa and E horizons (4-8 years after clear-cutting) and B horizons (6-8 years after clear-cutting). The increase of exchangeable Mn in the E (2-8 years) and B (4-8 years) horizons was particularly strong. Zn concentrations tended to fluctuate with time. There was a tendency to higher Mn and Zn concentrations in the humus layer especially 2 years after CC-treatment compared with WTC, whereas the opposite trend was apparent for Cu. Mn, Cu and Zn concentrations decreased in Deschampsia flexuosa 2 years after clear-cutting, possibly due to increased soil pH.

REFERENCES A bdin M.Z., A hmad A., K han N., K han I., J amal A., I qbal M., 2003: Sulphur interaction with other nutrients. – In: A brol Y.P., A hmad A. (eds), Sulphur in plants: 359–374. – Dordrecht. D erosa M.C., M onreal C., S chnitzer M., W alsh R., S ultan Y., 2010: Nanotechnology in fertilizers. – Nature nanotechnology, 5(2): 91. F arooq M., W ahid A., S iddique K.H., 2012: Micronutrient application through seed treatments: a review. – Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(1): 125–142. I mtiaz M., R ashid A., K han P., M emon

intake was above the recommended amount and they found a deficiency in their micronutrient intake. Metz et al. (2015) observed a modification in the chronobiology and nature of their energy intake on match days, mainly to adapt their intake to the energy demands of the match. Martínez Reñón and Collado (2015) found that their diets did not contain sufficient calories from carbohydrates, in view of their occupation. Body composition analysis is a method of assessing the balance between physical demands and eating habits; these two aspects are closely related to

central Italy. Ital. J. Agron. 6: 4-9. Distelfeld A, Avni R, Fischer AM (2014) Senescence, nutrient remobilization, and yield in wheat and barley. J. Exp. Bot. 65: 3783-3798. Emongor V (2010) Safflower ( Carthamus tinctorius L.) the underutilized and neglected crop: A review. Asian J. Plant Sci. 9: 299-306. Galavi M, Ramroudi M, Tavassoli A (2012) Effect of micronutrients foliar application on yield and seed oil content of safflower ( Carthamus tinctorius ). Afr. J. Agric. Res. 7: 482-486. Hamrouni I, Salah HB, Marzouk B (2001) Effects of water-deficit on lipids of

of micronutrient deficiencies on plants stress responses. In: P. Ahmad, M. N. V. Prasad (eds), Abiotic stress responses in plants: metabolism, productivity and sustainability . Springer, Berlin. (2012) 283–329. [28] H. El-Ramady, T. Alshaal, É. Domokos-Szabolcsy, T. Shalaby, Y. Bayoumi, N. Elhawat, A. Sztrik, J. Prokisch, M. Fri, Selenium and its role in higher plants. In: E. Lichtfouse (ed.), Environmental chemistry for a sustainable world , 6. Springer, Berlin. (2014b). [29] F. M. Fordyce, Selenium deficiency and toxicity in the environment. In: O. Selinus, B

–1827. doi : 10.1021/es202660k. Barunawati N, Hettwer Giehl RF, Bauer B, VonWiren N (2013): The influence of inorganic nitrogen fertilizer forms on micronutrient retranslocation and accumulation in grains of winter wheat. Frontiers in Plant Science, 4: 320. doi : 10.3389/fpls.2013.00320. Carlisle E, Myers SS, Raboy V, Bloom AJ (2012): The effects of inorganic nitrogen form and CO 2 concentration on wheat yield and nutrient accumulation and distribution. Frontiers in Plant Science, 3, 195. doi : 10.3389/fpls.2012.00195. Cakmak I (2008): Enrichment of cereal grains with

raspberries - raspberry leaf analysis. Fruit Production Recommendations 360: 1-3. Koumanov K.S., Tsareva I., Kolev K., Kornov G., 2009. Fertigation of pimocane-fruiting raspberry - leaf and soil nutrient content between applications. Acta Hort. 825: 341-348. Kowalenko C.G., 1994. Growing season dry matter and macroelement accumulations in Willamette red raspberry and related soil-extractable macroelement measurements. Can. J. Plant Sci. 74: 565-571. Kowalenko C.G., 2005. Accumulation and distribution of micronutrients in Willamette red raspberry plants. Can. J. Plant Sci