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, 242-280. Reverter, F., Gasulla, M., Pallis-Areny, R. (2004). A low-cost microcontroller interface for low-value capacitive sensors. Instrum. Meas. , 3, 1771-1775. Baxler, L. K. (1997). Capacitive Sensors Design and Application. New York: IEEE Press. Abu_Al_Aish, A., Rehman, M. (2009). Development of a capacitive mass measuring system. Sensor. Actuator. Phys. , 151 (2), 113-117. Abu_Al_Aish, A., Rehman, M., Abu Hassan, A. H., Arshad, M. R. (2009). Development of an intelligent capacitive mass sensor based on Co-axial cylindrical capacitor. Sensor. Transducer. J


The article presents the possibility of using microcontroller systems as one of elements of a teaching position. The Arduino Mega system based on the ATMega 2560 microcontroller from the AVR family was used to build the station. At the beginning, a virtual hygrometer model was designed in the AUTOCAD program and then the air channels were made using 3D printing. After assembling the station, it was compared to a laboratory aspiration hygrometer. The analysis was presented in the final part of the article.


Numerically controlled machines require precise control, because it is always necessary to know the placement of the effector. Control involves the use of electric motors that can be checked with precision. Therefore stepper motors are preferred. A further advance in stepper control is to incorporate a reaction mechanism for the rotor (for example, an encoder) so as communication is optimal for generating the torque, depending on the position of the rotor. This turns the motor into a servo mechanism with very high torque and very good position resolution. An advance in this technique is to operate the motor in a closed loop only if the error of rotor positioning becomes too high. This will allow the system to avoid oscillation while searching for a position, a problem that commonly occurs with servos. The supervision of a numerically controlled tool is limited to the control of electric motors that actuate mechanical assemblies. Control can be implemented by using specialized integrated circuits or microcontrollers. This paper presents a numerically controlled (CNC) machine with microcontroller.


In 2013, a new stream cipher was proposed in Antal, E.-Hromada, V.: A new stream cipher based on Fialka M-125, Tatra Mt. Math. Publ. 57 (2013), 101-118. Its design was inspired and motivated by a Soviet encryption machine Fialka M-125. The authors proposed three versions of the cipher with different inner state bit-lengths. They provided the design, software implementation on a personal computer and a preliminary statistical and performance analysis of the cipher.

In this article we extend their work by implementing all three versions of the cipher on two different micro-controllers: EBV SoCrates evaluation board [Official SoCrates webpage (EBV SoCrates evaluation board),] and STM32F407VG [Official STM webpage (STM32F407VG),]. We evaluate the performance of all implementations on both platforms. We also investigate the possibilities of performing a simple power analysis of the implementation of the 8-bit version of the cipher implemented on STM32F407VG micro-controller. It stems from our experiments that we are able to determine a part of the secret key of the cipher by observing the power trace (power consumption) of the encryption/decryption process

References [1] Katzen, S. (2010), The Essential PIC18 Microcontroller , Springer Verlag London. [2] Duka, A. V. (2013), Sisteme cu microprocesoare (Systems with Microprocessors), „Petru Maior” University of Tîrgu Mureş Publishing House. [3] Genge, B. and Haller, P. (2008), Proiectarea sistemelor dedicate şi încorporate cu microcontrolerul PIC (Design of the Dedicated and Embedded Systems with PIC Microcontroller), „Petru Maior” University Publishing House, Tîrgu Mureş. [4] Dulău, M. and Gligor, A. (2015), Introducere în Ingineria sistemelor automate

Low-Cost Embedded Oximeter

Nowadays, many medical devices have been developed for the purposes of diagnosing and treatment. Wearable sensors and systems have evolved to the point that they can be considered ready for clinical application. The use of wearable monitoring devices that allow continuous or intermittent monitoring of physiological signals is critical for the advancement of both the diagnosis as well as treatment of diseases. Patient vital sign monitoring within hospitals requires the use of noninvasive sensors that are hardwired to bedside monitors. This paper describes the initial bench testing of a wireless wearable pulse oximeter. Arterial oxygen saturation in the patient's blood signal was measured with an optical sensor, and then converted to digital data using a microcontroller system. The digital data were then sent to a receiver where it is in 433 MHz FM/FSK transmitter. At the receiver, the digital data were reconverted to analog signal to be monitored and recorded on the PC.


This paper describes automobile collision avoidance system by using of an ultrasonic sensor for a vehicle. We utilize the electronic systems application embedded in car that is anticipated to minimize the disaster of car accident. This paper is concentrating on developing a model of rear end car collision avoidance system that detects the gap among motors moving in the identical lane, inside the identical direction and alert the driver each time she or he is in danger range by using a microcontroller. The gap is measured via an ultrasonic sensor used to experience the obstacle beforehand.

the 20th International DAAAM Symposium Intelligent Manufacturing & Automation, Viena, 2009. [4] M.V. Garcia, M.F. Santos, C.H.S. de Vasconcelos, V.F. Vidal, M.F. Silva, Development of an electromechanical positioner with PID controller embedded in a PIC18F4550 microcontroller: A practical validation case study. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Carpathian Control Conference, Miskolc, 2018. [5] S.E. Oltean, M. Dulău, A.V. Duka, Didactic System For The Experimental Study Of Digital Pid Control Structures, Scientific Bulletin of the Petru Maior University of

Microcontroller - Based System for Electrogastrography Monitoring Through Wireless Transmission

Electrogastrography (EGG) is a non-invasive method for recording the electrical activity of the stomach. This paper presents a system designed for monitoring the EGG physiological variables of a patient outside the hospital environment. The signal acquisition is achieved by means of an ambulatory system carried by the patient and connected to him through skin electrodes. The acquired signal is transmitted via the Bluetooth to a mobile phone where the data are stored into the memory and then transferred via the GSM network to the processing and diagnostic unit in the hospital. EGG is usually contaminated by artefacts and other signals, which are sometimes difficult to remove. We have used a neural network method for motion artefacts removal and biological signal separation.


Design of an acceleration measurement system using a MEMS accelerometer to measure acceleration of automobiles in all the three axes is presented. Electronic stability control and anti-lock breaking systems in automobiles use the acceleration measurements to offer safety in driving. The system uses an ARM microcontroller to quantize the outputs of accelerometer and save the measurement data on a microSD card. A LabVIEW program has been developed to analyze the longitudinal acceleration measurement data and test the measurement system. Random noises generated and added with measurement data during measurement are filtered by a Kalman filter implemented in LabVIEW. Longitudinal velocity of the vehicle is computed from the measurement data and displayed on a graphical chart. Typical measurement of velocity of a vehicle at different accelerations and decelerations is presented.