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Impact of protective shelterbelt microclimate characteristics

commision. www. forestry.gov.uk/pdf/fcin081.pdf/$FILE/fcin081.pdf Holý, M. (1978). Erosion protection (in Czech). Praha: STNL. Horákova, P. (2009). Elaboration of a study of protective forest belt (in Czech). Lednice: MZLU. Kenney, W.A. (1986). Studies on the design and management of shelterbelts and windbreaks in Southem Ontario. M.Sc., Thesis. Lampartová, I. (2011). Evaluation of influence of revitalization measures in the agricultural landscape on the microclimate (in Czech). Lednice: MZLU

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The Microclimate in Protective Fire Fighter Footwear: Foot Temperature and Air Temperature and Relative Humidity

References [1] Akbar-Khanzadeh F., Bisesi M.S., Rivas R. D. (1995). Comfort of personal protective equipment. Applied Ergonomics, 26(30), 195-198 [2] Allwood M. J., Burry H. S. (1954). The effect of local temperature on blood flow in the human foot. The Journal of Physiology, 124, 345-357 [3] Bergquist K., Holmer J. (1997). A method for dynamic measurement of the resistance to dry heat exchange by footwear. Applied Ergonomics, 28(5/6), 383-388 [4] Brzozowska H. (2005). Sorption of insole materials and the microclimate inside footwear

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Street Geometry Factors Influence Urban Microclimate in Tropical Coastal Cities: A Review

] Bourbia, F., Boucheriba F. Impact of street design on urban microclimate for semi arid climate (Constantine). Renewable Energy 2010:35(2):343-347. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2009.07.017 [24] Oke T. Street design and urban canopy layer climate. Energy and buildings 1988:11(1):103-113. doi: 10.1016/0378-7788(88)90026-6 [25] Herzog T., Kaiser N. Solar energy in architecture and urban planning; Solarenergie in architektur und stadtplanung. Energia solare in architettura e pianificazione urbana, Munich etc.: Prestel, 1996. [26

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Experimental Measurements And Evaluation Of Indoor Microclimate Conditions

Abstract

The paper deals with monitoring of workplace where technological equipment produces heat during hot summer days. The thermo-hygric microclimate measurement took place during daily work shift, and was carried out at 5 choosen measuring points. Since there was radiation heat presented in workplace and workers worked at different places, the thermal environment was classified as a heterogeneous and unstationary area. The measurement, result processing and interpretation was carried out according to the valid legislation of Slovak Republic.

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EVALUATION MICROCLIMATE IN THE STABLE NATIONAL STUD FARM IN KLADRUBY NAD LABEM

Abstract

The measurement of temperature, humidity and dew point in the selected stable, and for the comparison also in the courtyard, took place continuously from 1.4.2011 to 31.3.2012. Because of its technical demands, the measurement of stable gases took place roughly 1x in a month and that in the 24 h cycle. This work should answer the questions, how much is the stable microclimate dependent on the ambient environment - current weather, whether there are suitable conditions in the stables of National Stud-Farm in Kladruby nad Labem with respect to the welfare of horses, how much is the concentration of stable gases in enclosed areas according to the presence of horses changing and, possibly, how much affects the horse breeding the environment.

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Accumulation of Solar Radiation Depending on Type of Surface in the Urban Environment of the City Nitra

. Digital Cities II. Středova, H., Bokwa, A, Dobrovolny, P. et al. (2011). Urban microclimate and mesoclimate, stand microclimate (in Czech). Praha: Česky hydrometeorologicky ustav. Tužinsky, L. (2002). Bioclimatology (in Slovak). Zvolen: Technicka univerzita. Voogt, J.A. & Oke T.R. (2003). Thermal remote sensing of urban climates. Remote Sens. Environ., 86, 370-384. doi : 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00079-8. Wardoyo, J., Suprapti, A. & Wediningsih H. (2011). Vegetation configuration as microclimate control

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Possibility for modification of microclimate in orchards by using evaporative cooling irrigation

Abstract

Micro irrigation is a horticultural practice mainly used to supply water to the orchard. Nevertheless the micro sprayed irrigation has a powerful influence on fruit microclimatic parameters as temperature and air humidity. By the application we can improve the fruit quality parameters as anthocianine, C-vitamin, sugar content of the fruits. When the air’s temperature is high (about 20°C or higher) the evaporative cooling irrigation significantly decreases the plants’ surface temperature and air temperature. The cooling effect is stronger when the air is dryer. The beneficial effect of cooling irrigation is the temperature reduction and frost protection. In March 2010, one month earlier than the expected blooming an irrigation system was established to produce anti-frost treatment and regulate the micro-climate of a apricot, peach, plum, apple and pear orchard which belongs to the University of Debrecen (Hungary). The objective of sprinklers was to cool the air by increasing water evaporation and relative humidity.

The results showed that the water sprayed in the orchard by micro-jet influenced decisively the temperature of the plantation. At higher temperatures (around 20°C), the drop of temperature may attain 5-7°C. A low relative humidity of the air may increase the relative effect. When water was applied at 15 minutes intervals for ten times a day, the temperature could be kept low also in the buds. The beginning of bloom could be delayed for 8-14 day at different fruit species. Blooming dynamics was characterized by a logistic curve in the treated as well as in the control plot. In the treated plot, the curve was steeper than in the control one, in spite of equal temperatures measured in the plots. Under Hungarian climatic conditions, the method was successfully used to delay blooming dates. The main result was the diminution of the frost damage in the spring that assured fruit yields.

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Microclimate Observation at Hermann’s Tortoise (Testudo hermanni boettgeri) Habitat in the “Iron Gates” Natural Park. Case Study: Lower Eșelniţa Watershed (Banat, Romania)

Abstract

“Iron Gates” Natural Park is located in the South-Western part of Romania and is recognized for its great diversity of ecosystems, wide variety of species and emblematic landscapes. Due to its Mediterranean climatic influences and vegetation structure, the area is a suitable habitat for the existence and development of Testudo hermanni boettgeri.

Monitoring both, the evolution of the microclimatic features in the lower Eșelnița watershed and the species behaviour, represents a useful step in order to determine if the global climate change endangers the conservation management of the tortoise.

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Mortality of Broiler Chickens During Summer Fattening Periods Affected by Microclimatic Conditions

Abstract

Mortality of chickens during two summer fattening periods L1 and L2 in commonly used halls for chicken fattening in Slovakia have been evaluated in this paper. Effect of microclimatic conditions in housing area on recorded mortality has been analysed. Mortality was assessed in six halls, microclimate parameters and surface temperatures were continually measured only in one of the middle halls. It was documented that high mortality occurred during summer in the last phase (P3) of fattening period due to sudden hot weather waves. Daily mortality rate varied up to 447 birds in evaluated hall 3. During the last third of both fattening periods, it was significantly higher than during the first two phases (P L1 = 0.0036; P L2 = 1.4·10−6). Differences among halls were insignificant (P L1 = 0.614; P L2 = 0.413). In L1, average daily temperatures went beyond the recommended temperatures from 21st to 31st day. During L2, it was from 29th to 31st day and from 36th to 38th. The extra high mortality occurred in L1 on 31st day (447 birds) and during L2 on 36th day (88 birds), 37th day (96 birds) and 38th day (155 birds). High differential temperatures have been recorded and uninterrupted time periods (6 hours or more) with temperature higher than 30 °C and/or the relative humidity (RH) exceeding 70% were occurred during these days. In order to eliminate effect of sudden hot weather waves, modern digitally controlled microclimate regulation technologies (heat pumps, floor cooling, etc.) can be used, supported by data obtained from detailed microclimate analysis documented in this paper.

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The impact of solar radiation on the temperature of the exposed rocks of the karst canyon (the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, Poland)

References BÁTORI Z., KÖRMÖCZI L., ERDŐS L., ZALATNAI M., CSIKY J., 2012, Importance of karst sinkholes in preserving relict, mountain, and wetwoodland plant species under sub-Mediterranean climate: A case study from southern Hungary. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 74(1): 127–134. BÁRÁNY-KEVEI I., 1999, Microclimate of karstic do-lines. Acta Climatologica, 32/33: 19–27. BÁRÁNY-KEVEI I., 2011, Changes in the vegetation of doline in Aggtelek and Bükk mountains. Acta Climatologica at Chorologica, 44/45: 25–30. BOKWA A., CAPUTA Z., DURŁO G

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