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Verification of the Green Microalgae Biomass Use for Biogas Production

References ANDERSEN, R.A. (ed.). 2005. Algal culturing techniques. London : Elsevier Academic Press, 2005, 578 pp. CARVALHO, A.P. – MEIRELES, L.A. – MALCATA, F.X. 2006. Microalgal reactors: a review of enclosed system designs and performances. In Biotechnology progress, vol. 22, 2006, no. 6, pp. 1490–1506. CHISTI, Y. 2007. Biodiesel from microalgae. In Biotechnology Advances, vol. 25, 2007, no. 3, pp. 294–306. EDMUNDSON, S.J. – HUESEMANN, M.H. 2015. The dark side of algae cultivation: Characterizing night biomass loss in three

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Biomass of Microalgae as a Source of Renewable Energy

References ADAMCZYK, M. – LASEK, J. – SKAWINSKA, A. – 2016. CO 2 biofixation and growth kinetics of Chlorella vulgaris and Nannochloropsis gaditana. In Appl. Biochem. and Biotechnol., 2016, no. 179, pp. 1248–1261. ANDERSEN, R.A. (ed.). 2005. Algal culturing techniques. London : Elsevier Academic Press, 2005, 578 pp. BENEMANN, J. 2013. Microalgae for biofuels and animal feeds. In Energies, vol. 6, 2013, no. 11, pp. 5869–5886. BRENNAN, L. – OWENDE, P. – 2009. Biofuels from microalgae – A review of technologies for production, processing

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Microalgae, a Potential Natural Functional Food Source – a Review

: recent insights and developments. Eur. J. Phycol., 2008, 43(1), 1–86. 9. Becker E.W., Micro-algae as a source of protein. Biotechnol. Adv., 2007, 25, 207–210. 10. Bellou S., Baeshen M., Elazzazy A.M., Aggeli D., Sayegh F., Aggelis G., Microalgal lipids biochemistry and biotechnological perspectives. Biotechnol. Adv., 2014, 32, 1476–1493. 11. Bernal J., Mendiola J.A., Ibáñez E., Cifuentes A., Advanced analysis of nutraceuticals. J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 2014, 55, SI, 758–774. 12. Bianchi V.A., Castro J.M., Rocchetta I., Nhabedian D.E., Conforti V

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Evaluation of Usefulness of the Designed Laboratory Photobioreactor for Microalgae Cultivation in Controlled Conditions

References Chisti, Y. (2007). Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnology Advances, 25 , 294-306. Chojnacka, K., Górecki, H., Zielińska A., Michalak I. (2009). Technologia wytwarzania biologicznych dodatków paszowych z mikroelementami na bazie alg. Przemysł Chemiczny , 88 , 634-639. Hehlmann, J., Merta, H., Jodkowski, M. (2011). Stereomechanika w budowie aparatów i urządzeń procesowych w: Aparatura procesów chemicznych, biochemicznych i ochrony środowiska tom II, Gliwice, Obtained from: http

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Cultivation Of Microalgae (Chlorella vulgaris) For Biodiesel Production

References: 1. MORONEY, J. V., YNALVEZ, R. A. I. 2009. Algal Photosynthesis . Chichester: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Available on: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0000322.html 2. RASHID, N. et al. 2014. Current status, issues and developments in microalgae derived biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews , Vol. 40 , p.760–778. 3. DAHIYA, A. 2014. In Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuel. 1.st edition. pp. 219-238. 4. AL-LWAYZY, S. H. et al. 2014. Biofuels from the fresh water microalgae chlorella vulgaris

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Microalgae Harvesting: A Review

References [1] AGARWAL, P., RITIKA G., AGARWAL, N. 2019. Advances in Synthesis and Applications of Microalgal Nanoparticles for Wastewater Treatment. Journal of Nanotechnology, 2019 , 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7392713 . [2] AMARO, H. M., A. GUEDES, C., MALCATA, F. X. 2011. Advances and Perspectives in Using Microalgae to Produce Biodiesel. Applied Energy, 88 (10): 3402–3410. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.12.014 . [3] ANSARI, F. A., SHEKH, A. Y., GUPTA, S. K., BUX, F. 2017. Microalgae for Biofuels: Applications, Process

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Investigation on Physicochemical Properties of Wastewater Grown Microalgae Methyl Ester and its Effects on CI Engine

R eferences [1] Demirbas A., Demirbas M. F. Algae energy: algae as a new source of biodiesel . London: Springer, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84996-050-2 [2] Gulum M., Bilgin A. An Experimental Optimization Research of Methyl and Ethyl Esters Production from Safflower Oil. Environmental and Climate Technologies 2018:22(1):132–148. https://doi.org/10.2478/rtuect-2018-0009 [3] Ahmad A. L., Yasin M. N. H., Derek C. J. C., Lim J. K. Microalgae as a sustainable energy source for biodiesel production: a review. Renewable and Sustainable

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Effects of Microalgae Species on In Vitro Rumen Fermentation Pattern and Methane Production

References Anele U.Y., Yang W.Z., Mcginn P.J., Tibbetts S.M., Mcallister T.A. (2016). Ruminal in vitro gas production, dry matter digestibility, methane abatement potential and fatty acid biohydrogenation of six species of microalgae. Can. J. Anim. Sci., 96: 354–363. AOAC (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Vo, 1990. AOAC (2012). Fat (crude) or ether extraction in animal feed, in: Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, 19th ed., AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD

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Influence of Light Intensity and Temperature on Cultivation of Microalgae Desmodesmus Communis in Flasks and Laboratory-Scale Stirred Tank Photobioreactor

References 1. Rosenberg, J. N., Oyler, G. A., Wilkinson, L., & Betenbaugh, M. J. (2008). A green light for engineered algae: redirecting metabolism to fuel a biotechnology revolution. Current Opinion in Biotechnology. 19 (5), 430-436. 2. Mata, T.M., Martins, A.A., & Caetano, N.S. (2010) Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 1 (14), 217-232. 3. Greenwell, H.C., Laurens, L.M.L., Shields, R.J., Lovitt, R.W., & Flynn, K.J. (2010). Placing

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Seasonal biodiversity and ecological studies on the epiphytic microalgae communities in polluted and unpolluted aquatic ecosystem at Assiut, Egypt

Abstract

A qualitative and quantitative study on epiphytic microalgae was carried out seasonally from November 2015 to August 2016 to follow up their community structures on aquatic macrophytes related to some physico-chemical properties of two polluted and unpolluted water bodies at Assiut, Egypt. A total of 169 species related to 64 genera of epiphytic microalgae were recorded. The most dominant algal group was Bacillariophyceae (43.2%), followed by Chlorophyceae (34.91%), Cyanophyceae (20.71%) and Euglenophyceae (1.18%). The total number of epiphytic algae fluctuated between 11.1 × 104 ind.g-1 plant dry wt. on Phragmites australis in summer at Nazlet Abdellah (polluted site) and 10.02 × 107 ind.g-1 plant dry wt. on Myriophyllum spicatum in winter at El-Wasta (unpolluted site). Some epiphytic microalgae were dominant as Pseudanabaena limnetica, Calothrix braunii, Scenedesmus acutus, and Ulnaria ulna. Others were specific on certain macrophytes as Aphanocapsa thermalis and Ulothrix sp., which grow on Phragmites australis, while Synechocystis minuscula attached itself on Myriophyllum spicatum. Analysis of PERMANOVA showed that the most important factors that induced the variation in epiphytic microalgae were the temporal variation and host plant. Water temperature, pH, nitrate, chloride, phosphate and total dissolved salts were the highest abiotic factors correlated with the variation in composition of epiphytic microalgae.

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