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Dziedzictwa Przyrody Górnego Śląska w Katowicach 5: 1-128. Grodzińska K. (1978): Mosses as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution in Polish National Parks. − Water Air Soil Pollution 9: 83-97. - (1980): Zanieczyszczenie polskich parków narodowych metalami ciężkimi. - Ochrona Przyrody 43: 9-27. Grodzińska K. , Frontasyeva M. , Szarek-Łukaszewska G. , Kl ich M. , Kuchar ska-Fabi ś A. , Gundor ina S.F. & Os t rovnaya T.M. (2003): Trace element contamination in industrial regions of Poland studied by moss monitoring. − Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 87: 255-270. Hermes

: 10.1515/jengeo-2015-0012 Lányi, G. 2000. Településkörnyezet: A természet a településben in: Enyedi, Gy. (ed): Magyarország településkörnyezete. MTA, Budapest, 99–151. Lepp, N.W. 1975. The potential of tree-ring analysis for monitoring heavy metal pollution patterns. Environ. Pollut. 9, 49–61. DOI: 10.1016/0013-9327(75)90055-5 Lin, Z.Q., Barthakur, N.N., Schuepp, P.H., Kennedy, G.G. 1995. Uptake and translocation of 54 Mn and 65 Zn applied on foliage and bark surfaces of balsam fir seedlings. Env. Exp. Bot. 35, 475–483. Padilla, K.L., Anderson, K.A. 2002

References [1] Aktar Md.W, M. Paramasivam, M. Ganguly, S. Purkait, D. Sengupta: Assessment and occurrence of various heavy metals in surface water of Ganga river around Kolkata: A study for toxicity and ecological impact , Environ Monit Assess, 160 , 207-213 (2010). [2] Ameh E.G, F.A. Akpah: Heavy metal pollution indexing and multivariate statistical evaluation of hydrogeochemistry of River PovPov in Itakpe Iron-Ore mining area , Kogi State, Nigeria, Advances in Applied Science Research, 2 (1) : 33-46 (2011). [3] American Public Health Association

, bioaccumulation andantioxidant capacity in sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 40: 535–540. Y oung , L.B., H arvey , H.H., 1988. Metals in chironomidae larvae and adults in relation to lake pH and lake oxygen deficiency. Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie , 23: 246–251. Z ygmunt , P.M., M aryanski , M., L askowski , R., 2006. Body mass and caloric value of the ground beetle (Pterostichus oblongopunctatus) (Coleoptera, Carabidae) along a gradient of heavy metal pollution. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

polychaetes for biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution in marine sediments. Mar Pollut Bull   57 : 544-551. Woo S, Yum S, Jung JH, Shim WJ, Lee Ch-H, Lee T-K. (2006). Heavy metal-induced differential gene expression of metalothionein in Javanese medaka, Oryzias javanicus. Mar Biotech   8 : 654-662. Yudkovski Y, Rogowska-Wrzesinska A, Yankelevich I, Shefer E, Herut B, Tom M. (2008). Quantitative immunochemical evaluation of fish metallothionein upon exposure to cadmium. Mar Environ Res   65 : 427-436. Zorita I, Apraiz I, Ortiz-Zarragoitia M, Orbea A, Cancio I, Soto M

References Ahamed, M., Siddiqui, M.K., 2007. Low level lead exposure and oxidative stress: current opinions. Clinica Chimica Acta, 383: 57-64. Apostoli, P., Catalani, S., 2011. Metal ions affecting reproduction and development. Metal Ions in Life Sciences, 8: 263-303. Bahadorany, S., Hilliker, A.J., 2009. Biological and behavioral effects of heavy metals in Drosophila melanogaster adults and larvae. Journal of Insect Behavior, 22: 399-411. Berger, B., Dallinger, R., 1993. Terrestrial snails as quantitative indicators of environmental metal pollution

.N. (2007). Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Sciences , 2, 5, pp. 112–118. Francisca, F.M. & Glatstein, D.A. (2010). Long term hydraulic conductivity of compacted soils permeated with landfill leachate. Applied Clay Science , 49, 3, pp. 187–193. Griffin, R.A. & Jurinak, J.J. (1973). Test of a new model for the kinetics of adsorption-desorption processes. Soil Science Society of America Journal , 37, 6, pp. 869–872. Hunter, R.J. (1993). Introduction to modern colloid science , Oxford University Press, Oxford 1993

References [1] Zhang C, Qiao Q, Piper JDA, Huang B. Assessment of heavy metal pollution from a Fe-smelting plant in urban river sediments using environmental magnetic and geochemical methods. Environ Pollut. 2011;159(10):3057-3070. [2] Li Y, Liu J, Cao Z, Lin C, Yang Z. Spatial distribution and health risk of heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the water of the Luanhe River Basin, China. Environ Monit Assess. 2010;163(1):1-13. [3] Man YB, Sun XL, Zhao YG, Lopez BN, Chung SS, Wu SC, et al. Health risk assessment of abandoned agricultural

between 1941 and 1951 ( Oosterberg et al ., 2000 ), while the NE and NW channels are linked to each other, and start at the Caraorman Channel ( Fig. 1 ), being connected to the high water and sediment discharge into the Sulina Branch, and have a constant water travel time of 1 day. In addition to its favourable location in the Central Danube Delta, Lake Iacob is ideal for heavy metal pollution determination typical for the Central Danube Delta. Fig 1 Lake Iacob and the locations of the sampled sediment cores. Four sediment cores with lengths in the 42–77 cm range were

Abstract

In this study, heavy metals pollutions in waters, soils and vegetables were investigated from farms, near oil refinery in south of Tehran city, Iran (Shahre Ray). The most important heavy metals in Iranian oil are vanadium, cobalt, nickel, arsenic and mercury (V, Co, Ni, As, Hg). In this region, the concentration of heavy metals in soils, well waters and leafy edible vegetables were evaluated in ten different points of farms. Geographic information systems (GIS) were used to estimate the levels of heavy metals concentration at unmeasured locations. After sample preparation, concentrations of heavy metals in vegetables, soils and waters were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Five different leafy edible vegetables from farms, i.e., Persian leek, dill, parsley, spinach and radish were sampled in spring, summer and autumn 2012. In vegetables and well water samples, the concentrations of V, Ni and Co were above the permissible limit of heavy metals as compared to WHO guidelines and the concentrations of these metals in agricultural soils were found to be lower in accordance to soil references. The industrial waste waters had high concentration of heavy metals in this area. In consequence, the results of this study indicate that industrial waste water can cause pollution in well waters and edible vegetables. So, this region is not suitable for cultivation and growing vegetables.