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Effect of Behavioural Interventions for Obesity Prevention in Pregnancy on the Adequacy of Gestational Weight Gain and Retention: Metabolic Health of Indian Women


The aim of this study was to measure the adequacy of gestational weight gain (GWG) in Indian women using various behavioural interventions during pregnancy, which primarily aim to observe the effects on obesity markers and weight retention. In this experimental study, one hundred and forty pregnant women underwent interventions in 5 groups, control (C), diet (D), home exercise (HE), supervised exercise (SE) and supervised exercise with diet (SED), from pregnancy through delivery with 2 months follow-up post-delivery. The outcome measures were GWG and baby birth weight. A one-way ANOVA indicated no differences in the mean GWG between groups (12.39±4.71 kg, p=0.947). The control group had the most (50%) and both the supervised exercise groups had the fewest (32%) women who gained above the recommended GWG, followed by the diet group (33.3%). The D and HE groups had the most women who gained within the GWG range, while both the SE and SED groups had the most women who gained below the GWG range. However, these results did not affect the birth weight between the groups (mean 2.96 kg±0.40, p=0.203). In women with normal BMIs, (18.5-22.9 kg/m2), the diet group had the most effective maintenance of adequate GWG, with 15%, 55%, and 30% of the women gaining above, within, and below the recommended GWG, respectively. The SE and SED groups had the least postpartum weight retention (PPWR) at 2 months, followed by the HM, D and C groups; i.e., the results showed a trend in the desired direction clinically, although they were not statistically significant (p=0.12). Supervised exercise can be effectively used as a pregnancy intervention to prevent excess GWG in Indian women. Diet counselling was found to be the next best intervention in combination with exercise, as well as for women with normal BMI.

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Predictive value of plasma parameters in the risk of postpartum ketosis in dairy cows

.W., Du B.N.L.: Purification of human serum paraoxonase/arylesterase. Evidence for one esterase catalyzing both activities. Drug Metab Dispos 1991, 19, 100–106. 8. Kulka M., Bełtowski J., Kluciński W., Orłowska M., Kołodziejska J., Kleczkowski M: Serum paraoxonase-1 activity of dairy Holstein-Fresian cows in different lactation stages-preliminary study. Pol J Vet Sci 2014, 17, 143–147. 9. LeBlanc S.: Monitoring metabolic health of dairy cattle in the transition period. J Reprod Dev 2010, 56, 29–35. 10. Oetzel G.R. Monitoring and testing dairy herds for

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Energy Expenditure Combining Strength and Aerobic Training

-exercise energy expenditure after cycle ergometer and treadmill exercise. J. Appl. Sport Sci. Res, 1992; 6 (1): 19 - 23. Sillanpää E, Laaksonen D, Häkkinen A, Karavirta, Jensen B, Kraemer W, Nyman K, Häkkinen K. Body composition, fitness, and metabolic health during strength and endurance training and their combination in middle-aged and older women. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2009; 106:285-296. Wahrlich V, Anjos L. Aspectos históricos e metodológicos da medição e estimativa da taxa metabólica basal: uma revisão da literatura

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Big Data for Biomedical Research and Personalised Medicine: an Epistemological and Ethical Cross-Analysis

. 500: 585-588. Crawford, K. (2013a). “Big Data Becomes 2013’s Scariest Fad.” Future Tense. 05-13-2013, . Crawford, K. (2013b). “The Hidden Biases in Big Data.” Harvard Business Review . 04-01-2013, . Dao, M.C., et al. (2016). “ Akkermansia Muciniphila and Improved Metabolic Health During a Dietary Intervention in Obesity: Relationship with Gut Microbiome Richness and Ecology.” Gut 65.3 (2016): 426

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Fat pattern of athlete and non-athlete girls during puberty

. Human Kinetics, Champaign. Manolopoulos KN, Karpe F, Frayn KN. 2010. Gluteofemoral body fat as a determinant of metabolic health. Int J Obesity 34:949-59. Martin R, Saller K. 1957-1966. Lehrbuch der Anthropologie, 3. Band. Fischer, Stuttgart. Moore LL, Gao D, Bradlee ML, Cupples LA, Sundarajan-Ramamurti A, Proctor MH, Hood MY, Singer MR, Ellison RC. 2003. Does early physical activity predict body fat change throughout childhood? Prev Med 37:10-17.Mueller WH. 1982. The changes with age of the anatomical distribution of

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Lack of Correlation of the Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D Levels with the Glycated Hemoglobin A1c and the Lipid Profile in Type 2 Diabetes Patients on Oral Antidiabetic Drugs – Preliminary Data

prospective study. - Diabetes Care, 35, 2012, № 8, 1695-1700. 11 . Hutchinson , M. S. et al. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in subjects with reduced glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes - the Tromsø OGTT-study. - Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. Res., 81, 2011, № 5, 317-327. 12 . Jorde, R. et al. High serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with a favorable serum lipid profile. - Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 64, 2010, № 12, 1457-1464. 13 . Jorde, R. et G. Grimnes. Vitamin D and metabolic health with special reference to the

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Hypertension in pediatric dentistry practice

cardio-metabolic health in adolescent offspring. Hypertension , 62, 614, 2013. 9. Grosu V.: The research of parameters of cardiac rhythm variability of arterial hypertension in children and adolescents. Practica Medicala , 9, 264, 2014. 10. He F.J., MacGregor G.A.: Importance of salt in determining blood pressure in children: meta-analysis of controlled trials. Hypertension , 48, 861, 2006. 11. Kuciene R., Dulskiene V.: Associations of short sleep duration with prehypertension and hypertension among Lithuanian children and adolescents: a cross

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Homeostasis Model Assessment - Insulin Resistance and Sensitivity (HOMA-IR and IS) Index in Overweight Children Born Small for Gestational Age (SGA)

Slovak children. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2014; 27(7-8): 693-699. 23. Hokken-Koelega AC, De Waal WJ, Sas TC, Van Pareren Y, Arends NJ. Small for gestational age (SGA): endocrine and metabolic consequences and effects of growth hormone treatment. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2004; 17(3): 463-469. 24. Van der Steen M, Smeets CC, Kerkhof GF, Hokken-Koelega AC. Metabolic health of young adults who were born small for gestational age and treated with growth hormone, after cessation of growth hormone treatment: a 5-year longitudinal study. Lancet Diabetes

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Length of Life and Milk Production Efficiency in Cows with Varying Lactation Persistency

on English dairy farms. J. Dairy Sci., 94: 1831–1838. Dhakal K., Tiezzi F., Clay J.S., Maltecca C. (2015). Inferring causal relationships between reproductive and metabolic health disorders and production traits in first-lactation US Holsteins using recursive models. J. Dairy Sci., 98: 2713–2726. Do C., Wasana N., Cho K., Choi Y., Choi T., Park B., Lee D. (2013). The effect of age at first calving and calving interval on productive life and lifetime profit in Korean Holsteins. Asian Austral. J. Anim. Sci., 26: 1511–1517. Gnyp J. (2014). Length of

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Effect of a MAST Exercise Program on Anthropometric Parameters, Physical Fitness, and Serum Lipid Levels in Obese Postmenopausal Women

-cholesterol changes during acute, moderate-intensity exercise in men and women. Metabolism, 1983; 32(3): 244-249 Lewis N, Barker D, O'Kane M, Sharp L, Clement R, Pollard S, Tan LB. Vo2max/kg Is Unreliable as an Indicator of Cardiac Function in Obese Patients. Heart, 2010; 96: A38-A39 Martins RA, Verissimo MT, Coelho e Silva MJ, Cumming SP, Teixeira AM. Effects of aerobic and strengthbased training on metabolic health indicators in older adults. Lipids Health Dis, 2010; 9: 76 Shapiro SS, Wilk MB. An Analysis of Variance Test for

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