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Uncovering the Secret: Medieval Women, Magic and the Other

References Primary Sources Awntyrs off Arthur, the. 1995. In Thomas Hahn (ed.), Sir Gawain: Eleven romances and tales. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications. Bartholomew Iscanus. 1965. Penitential. In Thomas McNeill and Helena Margaret Gamer (eds.), Medieval handbooks of penance, a translation of the principal “libri poenitentiales” and selections from related documents. Columbia: Columbia University Press. Le morte D'Arthur. Sir Thomas Malory's book of King Arthur and of his noble Knights of the Round Table. The text of Caxton. 1897

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Measures in Medieval English Recipes – Culinary Vs. Medical

: Boydell & Brewer. Hieatt, Constance B. (ed.). 1988. An ordinance of pottage: An edition of the fifteenth century culinary recipes in Yale University’s MS Beinecke 163. London: Prospect Books. Hieatt, Constance B. (ed.). 2008. A gathering of medieval English recipes. (Textes vernaculaires du Moyen Age 5.) Turnhout: Brepols. Hieatt, Constance B. & Sharon Butler (eds.). 1985. Curye on Inglysch: English culinary manuscripts of the fourteenth century (including the Forme of Cury). (Early English Text Society SS 8.) London

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Medieval Multilingualism in Poland: Creating a Corpus of Greater Poland Court Oaths (Rotha)

REFERENCES Adamska, Anna. 2006. Investigating multilingualism in medieval East Central Europe: Possibilities and limitations. http://www.wun.ac.uk/external/multilingualism/seminar_archive/06_07_program/adamska.html (25 May, 2014) Adamska, Anna. 2007. Orality and literacy in medieval Central Europe: Final prolegomena. In Else Mundal & Jonas Wellendorf (eds.), Oral art forms and their passage into writing , 69–84. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. Adamska, Anna. 2013. Latin and three vernaculars in East Central Europe from the point of view

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Golden Ratio and Fibonacci Sequence in Pentagonal Constructions of Medieval Architecture

References [1] Myskovszky, V., Az úgynevezett “arany metszet” aesthetikai törvényének alkalmazása a csúcsíves stílben, Archeológiai Közlemények, Volume 12 (1878), No 1, 101-111. [2] Macody Lund, F., Ad Quadratum. A Study of the Geometricl Bases of Classic & Medieval Religious Architecture with a Special Reference to their Application in the Restoration of the Cathedral of Nidaros (Trondhjem) Norway, London: B.T. Batsford, 1921. [3] S criba, J. C., Schreiber, P., 5000 Years of Geometry. Mathematics in History and

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Factors of selection and quality of wood used for woodcraft in medieval Polish strongholds and early urban centres

(summary: Drohiczyn in middle and modern ages from the research of 2006 perspective). Podlaskie Zeszyty Archeologiczne 5: 153–195. ANDRZEJEWSKI A. & SIKORA J. 2013. Street, Square and Cemetery in Medieval and Modern Drohiczyn. Wratislavia Antiqua 13: 76–88. AUCH M., BUGAJ U. & TRZECIECKI M. 2013. Archeologia w Radomiu – archeologia dla Radomia. Próba podsumowania pierwszych lat projektu „Park Kulturowy Stary Radom”: 9–39. In: Buko A., Główka D. & Trzecieski M. (eds), Radom korzenie miasta i regionu, tom 3. Archeologia w obliczu wyzwań współczesności. Instytut

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Cultivated plants in medieval Kraków (Poland), with special reference to amaranth (Amaranthus lividus L. cf. var lividus) and ruderal communities

References ALSLEBEN A. 2007. Food consumption in the Hanseatic towns of Germany: 13-37. In: Karg S. (ed.), Medieval food traditions in Northern Europe. PNM Publications from the National Museum. Studies in Archaeology and History 12, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen. BADURA M. 2011. Rośliny użytkowe w dawnym Gdańsku. Studium archeobotaniczne. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, Gdańsk. BADURA M., JAROSIŃSKA J., ŚWIĘTA J. & LATAŁOWA M. 2005. Roślinne składniki diety mieszkańców Kępy Dominikańskiej w

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Saints and sinners. Coins in medieval ritual context

Abstract

This article is a revised version of papers prepared for the conferences in Cambridge and Oslo. It is focused on the way how to interpret coins occurring in the medieval graves of saints as well as in the graves of ordinary people defined by L. Travaini as ‘sinners’. In the case of the term ‘ritual’, the author is interested in its general religious use, public and private, having in mind that medieval people had an uninterrupted relationship with the other world. Angels, saints and demons were integrated into any ritual, even in that which can appear as ‘civic’ today, including blessing and presence of clerics. In that way, any contexts – once seen as ‘ritual’ – must be seen as ‘economic’ in present numismatic research, and the author shows it on concrete examples from Italy and other European countries. Some finds, once seen as signs of economic activities, can be seen as rituals today.

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Relics of cultivation in the vascular flora of medieval West Slavic settlements and castles

-ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 16(2): 77-103. Bednarek R., Kamiński D., Markiewicz M., Chrzanowski W. & Zbyszewska K. 2010. Transformations of soils and forest communities in the areas of early medieval strongholds (examples from Chełmno Land). Polish Journal of Soil Sciene 43(1): 93-101. Behm H. 1997. Das sichtbare und das verbogene historische Kulturlandschaften - Analyse, Schutz und zukunftsorientierte Entwicklung. Traditio et Innovatio 2(2): 29-34. Behm H. & Pivarci R. 1998. Slawische

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Archaeological and Archaeobotanical Research at an Early Medieval Site in Wildno, Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship

Abstract

The paper presents the results of the archaeological excavation of the Early Medieval site at Wildno (site 10) and the initial results of ongoing archaeobotanical analysis of plant macro-remains from the same site. During rescue excavation many archaeological features were found. Among them a few probable huts, smokehouses and tar pits were discovered. Inside them, plant macro-remains were found. Analyses showed remains of cultivated plant and weed species, which provides evidence of farming practice during early medieval times. The cultivated plants were Linum usitatissimum, Panicum miliaceum and Triticum aestivum.

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Droughts, Dry Spells and Low Water Levels in Medieval Hungary (and Croatia) I: The Great Droughts of 1362, 1474, 1479, 1494 and 1507

. Fedeles, T. 2007. Vallásos áhítat, közösségtudat, reprezentáció. A késő középkori körmenetek főbb jellemzői (Religious devotion, fellowship, representation. The most important characteristics of late medieval religious processions). Aetas 22 (3), 59-82. Fejér, G. 1834. Codex Diplomaticus Hungariae ecclesiasticus ac civilis. Vol. 9/3. Budae [Budapest]: Typis Typogr. Regiae Universitatis Ungariae, 318, 336-338, 408-411. Florianus, M. 1884. Chronica Dubniciense cum codicibus Sambuci Acephalo et Vaticano, cronicisque Vindobonensi picto et

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