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Youssef Errami, Mohammed Ouassaid, Mohamed Cherkaoui and Mohamed Maaroufi
This paper presents a Variable Structure Sliding Mode Control (VS-SMC) scheme and Direct Torque Control (DTC) for Wind Farm (WF) based on the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG). The WF consists of a 3 PMSGs which are connected to a common dc bus system with rectifier. The dc-bus is connected to the electrical network using only one inverter system, a grid-side filter as well as the transformer. The efficiency of the WF can be greatly improved using an appropriate control approach. So, the control strategy uses the technique of DTC to regulate the speeds of PMSGs for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) mode. Besides, by employing VS-SMC the grid-side inverter is controlled to inject the generated power into the electrical network, to regulate DC-link voltage and to achieve Unity Power Factor. The used control strategies provide an optimal control solution for WF systems based on the PMSG.
Govindasamy Sundar, Narashiman Karthick and Sasi Rama Reddy
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Muhammad Najwan Hamidi, Dahaman Ishak and Muhammad Ammirul Atiqi Mohd Zainuri
This paper presents a comparative evaluation of multilevel DC link inverter of photovoltaic (PV) renewable energy system using either symmetrical or asymmetrical dc sources. The four units of dc source can have the same dc voltage level, ie 81.32 V, resulting in symmetrical dc sources. The asymmetrical dc sources consist of input dc voltages in binary sequence, 21.68 V, 43.37 V, 86.74 V and 173.48 V. The boost converters with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) capability which is regulated by perturb and observe (P&O) based control are connected between the PV panels and the four dc sources. The varying dc voltages from the PV panels are regulated to track the maximum power available regardless of the irradiance and temperature conditions. The symmetrical dc sources will facilitate the generation of 9 levels of staircase ac waveform rms of 230 V after the H-bridge inverter. Whereas, the asymmetrical dc sources are able to produce 31 levels of staircase ac waveform also with rated rms 230 V. Detailed analysis and comparison on the powers, ac output voltage, output current, total harmonic distortions, and MPPT achievement are described.
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