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Mandarin manner adverbs like dasheng ‘loudly’ (lit. ‘big voice’) occur both sentence-medially and sentence-finally, whereas adverbs formed with the adverbializer de (地) like kuaikuaide ‘quickly’ occur only sentence-medially. The behavior of AP-地 adverbs is puzzling under a classical adjunction analysis and under Cinque’s (1999) hierarchy of functional projections. Here, I argue that Mandarin manner adverbs have a uniform low attachment in V complement position and that preverbal/medial position reflects obligatory movement imposed by the status of 地 as a “concordializing element”.

Germanic. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Mârzea, Carmen. 2010. Eterogenitatea adverbului românesc. Doctoral dissertation, Universitatea din București. Protopopescu, Daria. 2012. The Syntax of Manner Adverbs in English and Romanian. București: Editura Universității din București Schäfer, Martin. 2002. “Pure Manner Adverbs, Revisited,” in Sinn & Bedeutung VI, Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Gesellschaft für Semantik. Graham Katz, Sabine Reinhard, and Philip Reuter (Eds.). Osnabrück: University of Osnabrück, pp. 311-323. Swan, Toril. 1988