Lidia Man, Adrian Man, Cristina Oana Mărginean, Ana Maria Pitea and Maria Despina Baghiu
Purpose: to evaluate the serum levels of micronutrients in children with nutritional disorders, and to find if there is a direct correlation between them and the anthropometric measurements. Materials and methods: the study was conducted on 125 children (0-18 years); the working group consisted in children with Z-score < -2 standard deviations for at least one anthropometric measurement, while the children without growth disorders were considered as controls. Thus, for each anthropometric measurement, we had different working/control groups that were used for the assessment of correlation with laboratory findings. We followed eight anthropometric parameters and their relation with five of the micronutrients (Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Cu). Results: no statistical differences were found in micronutrients serum levels between genders or provenance. Most mean serum levels of micronutrients were lower in the children with Z-scores < -2 standard deviations (except Cu). Mg and Ca were positively correlated with most of the anthropometric measurements. For Fe, Zn and Cu, we found no correlation with any of the anthropometric measures. Differences in mean serum levels were found for Mg, with lower values in children with low weight-forage and triceps-skinfold-thickness, and for Cu, with higher levels in children with low triceps-skinfold-thickness. The red blood cell indices were positively associated with Fe and Zn levels. Conclusions: correlations between the serum level of micronutrients and anthropometric evaluation scores were found for Mg and Ca, but not for Fe and Zn, which were instead directly correlated with red blood cells indices. Mg, Fe and Zn tend to present small serum values in children with growth deficits. Considering the costs, the routine evaluation of Zn and Cu serum levels in growth disorder suspicion is not justified in our geographic area.
Ancuța Lupău, Mihaela-Liana Faur and Corina Pantea
Physical activity practiced on a constant, regular basis contributes directly to the improvement of the structure and functions of different organs and body systems. It can also counteract the appearance of some anatomic and functional deterioration and contribute to the correction of certain deficiencies caused by improper conditions of life/work in people’s life. This study analyses two forms of physical exercise - Aerobic Step and Pilates. The goal of the study is to identify the effects of practicing Aerobic Step and Pilates exercises on the bodies of those who practice these forms of physical exercise. The hypothesis of the research is that practicing on constant/regular basis different types of aerobic exercises combined with efficient nutrition ensures optimum physical condition for everyday activities. The activity was carried out at the “Beauty Centre” aerobic hall from Timisoara, Romania. The study was carried out between February and May 2013 on a sample of 25 people subjected to anthropometric and functional measurements (size, weight, hip perimeter and body weight index, percentage of muscular tissue) both before (initial test - It) and after (final test - Ft) Aerobic Step and Pilates programmes. Results show the efficiency of these programmes as pointed out by the diminution of hip perimeter, by normal IMC, and by the increase of the active muscular tissues.
Bianca I. Chesaru, Michaela Dobre, Gabriel Murariu and Aurel Nechita
The present study aims to identify and analyse the cardiometabolic risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in overweight children and adolescents. The study group included 163 overweight children and adolescents, average age: 13.02 ± 3.42 years. The following evaluations were performed: anthropometrical measurements, blood pressure measurements, biochemical tests investigating the lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Metabolic syndrome was identified in 48 subjects (29.4%). The risk to develop MS was found to be higher in males and within the 13-18 age group. The most common cardiometabolic risk factors were abdominal obesity (75.5%) and high blood pressure (41.1%), followed by low HDL-cholesterol (35%), increased fasting blood glucose (23.3%) and hypertriglyceridemia (17.8%.). The variables under analysis exhibited significant correlations with the number of metabolic syndrome diagnosis criteria. The metabolic syndrome prevalence in the paediatric population affected by excess body weight has reached high values in our geographical area. It is thus justified to initiate screening activities for the early detection and adequate treatment of the modifiable cardiometabolic risk factors, contributing to the prevention of long-term complications.