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Empirical-Scientific Model of Geography

geography and their role in the registration and explanation of phenomena and changes at a global scale). In: Maik W., Rembowska K. & Suliborski A. (eds), Geografia a przemiany współczesnego świata . Wyd. Uczelniane WSG, Bydgoszcz: 103-118. Cloke P., Philo C. & Sadler D., 1991. Approaching human geography . Paul Chapman Publishing, London. Czarnocka M. (ed.), 1995. Dziedzictwo logicznego empiryzmu (Heritage of logical empiricism). Wyd. Instytutu Filozofii i Socjologii PAN, Warszawa

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Metaphysics, Function and the Engineering of Life: the Problem of Vitalism

Abstract

Vitalism was long viewed as the most grotesque view in biological theory: appeals to a mysterious life-force, Romantic insistence on the autonomy of life, or worse, a metaphysics of an entirely living universe. In the early twentieth century, attempts were made to present a revised, lighter version that was not weighted down by revisionary metaphysics: “organicism”. And mainstream philosophers of science criticized Driesch and Bergson’s “neovitalism” as a too-strong ontological commitment to the existence of certain entities or “forces”, over and above the system of causal relations studied by mechanistic science, rejecting the weaker form, organicism, as well. But there has been some significant scholarly “push-back” against this orthodox attitude, notably pointing to the 18th-century Montpellier vitalists to show that there are different historical forms of vitalism, including how they relate to mainstream scientific practice (Wolfe and Normandin, eds. 2013). Additionally, some trends in recent biology that run counter to genetic reductionism and the informational model of the gene present themselves as organicist (Gilbert and Sarkar 2000, Moreno and Mossio 2015). Here, we examine some cases of vitalism in the twentieth century and today, not just as a historical form but as a significant metaphysical and scientific model. We argue for vitalism’s conceptual originality without either reducing it to mainstream models of science or presenting it as an alternate model of science, by focusing on historical forms of vitalism, logical empiricist critiques thereof and the impact of synthetic biology on current (re-)theorizing of vitalism.

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On Logic, Syntax, and Silence

. In: J. Hintikka (Ed.), Rudolf Carnap, Logical Empiricist. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company. Coffa, A., & Wessels, L. (1991). The semantic tradition from Kant to Carnap: To the Vienna station. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Creath, R. (1996). Languages without logic. In R.N. Giere & A.W. Richardson (Eds.), Origins of logical empiricism (pp. 251-265). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Friedman, M. (1999). Reconsidering logical positivism. New York: Cambridge University Press

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Architectural Theory and Analytic Philosophy in the Interwar Period

–156. MALLGRAVE, Harry Francis. 2005. Modern Architectural Theory: A Historical Survey, 1673–1968 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. MOOS, Stanislaus von. 2009. Le Corbusier: Elements of a Synthesis . Rotterdam: 010 Publishers. RICHARDSON, Alan W. 1988. Carnap’s Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. SCHLICK, Moritz. 1939. Problems of Ethics . New York: Prentice Hall, Incorporated. Vigato, Jean Claude. 2013. Between Progress and Tradition. The Regionalist Debate in

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The Conventionality of Simultaneity and Einstein’s Conventionality of Geometry

Einstein. In: M. Reichenbach, R.S. Cohen (eds.), Hans Reichenbach selected writings , vol 1, Dordrecht, D. Reidel Publishing Company, 1978. Rynasiewicz, R., 2003, Reichenbach’s ε-definition of simultaneity in historical and philosophical perspective. In: F.Stadler (ed.), The Vienna circle and logical empiricism: re-evaluation and future perspectives . Vienna circle institute yearbook [2002] 10, Dordrecht, Kluwer. Selleri, F., 1996, Noninvariant one-way velocity of light. Foundations of Physics 26, 641–664. Sonego, S. and Pin, M., 2009, Foundations

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How are Concepts of Infinity Acquired?

(Ewald 1996, 1148-1157). Hilbert, D. (1932-1935), Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Vol. 3, 2nd ed., 1970 edn, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Hilbert, D. (1971), Gedenkband, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. Hilbert, D. (1983), On the infinite, in P. Benacerraf & H. Putnam, eds, ‘Philosophy of Mathematics. Selected Readings’, second edn, Oxford Univeristy Press, pp. 183-201. Hilbert, D. (1996), The foundations of mathematics, in S. Sakar, ed., ‘The Emergence of Logical Empiricism: From 1900 to the Vienna Circle

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