bean varieties (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Madeira island. Agricultural Sciences 5: 317-329. DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.54034.
Hołubowicz R., Bralewski T., Fiebig M., Bocian S. 2004. Variabilty of selected characters of 18 localpopulations of bean (Phaseolus ssp.). EJPAU 7(1), #08. http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume7/issue1/horticulture/art-08.html
Horňáková O., Závodná M., Žáková M., Kraic J., Debre F. 2003. Diversity of common bean landraces collected in the Western and Eastern Carpatien. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed. 39: 73
Никаноров Ю.И. (1964). Морфологические особенности локальных стад европейской ряпушки Coregonus albula в зависимости от условий обитания [Morphological peculiarities of the localpopulations of European vendace Coregonus albula subject to living conditions]. Вопрсы ихтиологии , 4. Вып. 3(32), с. 411-422 (in Russian).
Никаноров Ю.И., Никанорова Е.А. (1956) Искусственное разведение ряпушки в Латвийской ССР [Artificial breeding of vendace in Latvian SSR]. Научно-технический бюллетень ВНИОРХ , 3-4, с. 58-61 (in Russian
The recent debate over the Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) regimes of international arbitration has resulted in concerted efforts aimed mainly at protecting the rights of states to regulate, improving transparency of proceedings and eliminating inconsistency in decision making of the tribunals. While the existing scholarly work frequently addresses issues of the relationship between the existing investment regimes and good governance in general, increased attention is rarely paid to the effects that investment arbitration has on democratic practice. The article applies an “action-based” approach to democracy, in order to analyse the role that the ISDS regimes play in exacerbating conflicts between the local populations, foreign investors and governments. The analysis leads to a conclusion that the ISDS regimes create incentives for the governments and foreign investors to disregard sound democratic practice. The article represents an attempt to move the discussion about the ISDS regimes away from the question of legitimacy of the regimes to the question of the impacts that the regimes have in practice.
Pablo Cañero Morales, Francisco Orgaz Agüera, Tomás López-Guzmán and Salvador Moral Cuadra
The globalization that is currently suffering the world is applicable to tourism, where sustainable tourism practices are required and consistent with the environment in which they develop, so that tourism practices made aware of the local population are conformed as an important engine from the social and economic point of view where it is inserted. The objective of this research is to carry out an analysis between the possible relationships between the attachment of the residents to the community as well as the support of the local population to sustainable tourism and the environmental attitudes of the residents. For this purpose, a duly structured questionnaire was used to carry out a descriptive analysis through the statistical program IBM SPSS v.24.0 and an analysis through the technique of structural equations (Structural Equation Modeling) through the program SmartPLS v.3.2.6. (Partial Least Squares). The results obtained establish a positive influence of community attachment on support for sustainable tourism development.
Since the early 2000s, the accidental introduction of the tiger mosquito has exposed Europe to new diseases previously observed in Southern countries, leading to the onset of new nuisances and health risks. In France, the area first affected was the French Riviera. Based on the results of a qualitative and quantitative survey, this article analyses the reactions and concerns amongst the local population regarding the spread of Asian tiger mosquitoes and the related health risks. While residents are well aware of the mosquitoes’ presence and perceive a related increase in nuisances at different levels, they tend to play down the related health risks, notably due to the high degree of trust placed in the French healthcare system. It is the wealthiest inhabitants that are most affected by the problem, which primarily affects villa districts. Finally, cultural resistance has hindered the success of awareness-raising campaigns due to the stigma associated with mosquitoes.
Jovana Brankov, Tamara Jojić Glavonjić, Ana Milanović Pešić, Marko D. Petrović and Tatiana N. Tretiakova
, crowding perceptions, and use displacement of visitor groups to a peri-urban national park. Environmental Management , 40, 34–45. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-004-0355-8.
 Brankov, J. (2015). Sustainable tourism in national parks in Serbia [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Beograd: University of Belgrade.
 Brankov, J., Jovičić, D. & Milijašević, D. (2015). Sustainable Tourism in National Park “Đerdap”, Serbia – Attitudes of LocalPopulation. Journal of the Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA , 65, 2, 183–199. DOI: 10.2298/IJGI1502183B.
Henri Järv, Jaak Kliimask, Raymond Ward and Kalev Sepp
 Palang, H., Alumäe, H., Printsmann, A., Rehema, M., Sepp, K. & Sooväli-Sepping, H. (2011). Social landscape: Ten years of planning “valuable landscapes” in Estonia. Land Use Policy 28(1), 19-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2010.04.004.
 Pavlikakis, G. E. & Tsihrintzis, V. A. (2006). Perceptions and preferences of the localpopulation in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace National Park in Greece. Landscape and Urban Planning 77(1), 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.12.008.
 Primdahl, J., Kristensen, L. S. & Busck, A. G. (2013
mites: Historical notes, recombinations, synonymies and type designations. Redia, 67, 421-499.
Peres-Neto, P., Legendre, P., Dray, S., Borcard, D. (2006). Variation partitioning of species data matrices: Estimation and comparison of fractions. Ecology, 87 (10), 2614-2625.
Prinzing, A., Lentzsch, P., Voigt, F., Woas, S. (2004). Habitat stratification stratifies a localpopulation: Ecomorphological evidence from a bisexual, mobile invertebrate (Carabodes labyrinthicus: Acari). Ann. Zool. Fennici, 41, 399-412.
R Core Team
Ekaterina Valcheva, Vladislav Popov, Plamen Zorovski, Irena Golubinova, Plamen Marinov-Serafimov, Iliana Velcheva and Slaveya Petrova
The aim of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic effect of cold aqueous extracts, both fresh and dry biomass of dodder (Cuscuta epithymum L.) on lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) and bird’s foot-trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.). Four different varieties of lucerne “Pleven 6”, “Dara”, “Roly”, “Multifoliolate”) and bird’s foot-trefoil (“Gran San Gabriele”, “Leo”, “Local population 1”, “Local population 2”) were studied in order to find some varieties with allelopathic tolerance. Ex-situ experiment was carried out as follows: 100 seeds of each variety were put in Petri dishes between filter paper, both cold extracts of parasitic weed biomass were pipetted at a ratio of 1:20 as against the seed mass and then were placed in a thermostat-operated device at a temperature of 22 ± 2°С. Distilled water was used as a control. Percentage inhibition, Index of tolerance and Index of plant development were calculated for assessment of the allelopathic effect of dodder on the early seedling growth, biomass synthesis and initial development of experimental varieties. As a whole, dry weed biomass was found as more toxic for the tested plants than the fresh one. Medicago sativa var. multifoliolate and Lotus corniculatus var. Local population 1 and Local population 2 showed a significant tolerance to the allelopathic influence of Cuscuta epithymum in all studied concentrations of aqueous extract of fresh weed biomass (25, 50 and 100 g l−1) and medium tolerance to aqueous extract of dry weed biomass (concentrations of 25 and 50 g l−1).
Eva Křístková, Aleš Lebeda, Alžběta Novotná, Ivana Doležalová and Tomáš Berka
The morphological characteristics of achenes of Lactuca serriola represented by 34 local populations from Slovenia and 12 local populations from Sweden were studied in relation to their eco-geographical conditions. In total, eight quantitative morphological characters were evaluated: length and width of achene body; index length/width of achene body; number of ribs on achene body; length of beak; length of pappus bristles; pappus area and discus diameter. NestedANOVAanalysis indicated significant differences in length and width of achene body, length of pappus bristles, and pappus area between Slovenian and Swedish populations. Achenes from Slovenia were longer, wider and possessed longer pappus bristles than achenes from Sweden. Among geographical factors, latitude had the greatest impact on the morphological characters evaluated. Significant differences in seven parameters were also found between populations within countries and between samples within populations. It is probable that this variation has a genetic basis with sufficient variation within populations to permit continued selection.