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References Bačlija, Irena (ed.). 2013. Koncept in prakse lokalnega vladovanja [Concept and Practices of Local Governance]. Ljubljana: Friedrich Eber Stift ung and Faculty of Social Sciences. Council of Europe. 2014. Available at (last accessed 29 July 2014). Council of European Municipalities and Regions. 2008. Balancing Democracy, Identity and Effi ciency: Changes in Local and Regional Structures in Europe. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Drucker, Peter F. 2001. Managerski izzivi v 21. stoletju [Management Challenges for 21st Century; New York

-zování, správě a typologii (The urban and suburban space of Olomouc: theoretical approaches, delimitation and typology - in Czech). In: Geografický časop-is , Vol. 64(4), pp. 289-310. Hasse, J.E. and Lathrop, R. G. , 2003: Land resources impact indicators of urban sprawl. In: Applied geography , Vol. 23, pp. 159-175.DOI: apgeog.2003.08.002 John, P. , 2001: Local governance in western Europe, London: Sage. Johnson, M.P. , 2001: Environmental impacts of urban sprawl: a survey of the literature and proposed research agenda. In: Environment and

Richard C. Feiock. “Applying an institutional collective action framework to investigate intermunicipal cooperation in Europe.” Perspectives on Public Management and Governance Vol. 1. No. 4 (2018): 299-316 // DOI: 10.1093/ppmgov/gvx014. 34. Teles, Filipe. Local governance and intermunicipal cooperation . London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016. 35. Urvikis, Marius. Vietos savivaldos institucijų organizuojamų viešųjų paslaugų sistemos tobulinimas (Improvement of the System of Public Services Organized by Local Self-government Institutions). Doctoral Dissertation. Vilnius

Ickert Johanna , ( 2009 ): Der Kulturkosmos Müritz. Sozialkapital, Placemaking und Local Governance als Entwicklungsfaktoren in ländlich-peripheren Regionen Ostdeutschlands Saarbrücken : VDM Verlag Dr. Müller . 157 S . Mittels einer Fallstudie, die im Rahmen einer Diplomarbeit erstellt wurde, wird in diesem Buch untersucht, wie in ländlich-peripheren Räumen nachhaltige und innovative Entwicklungen durch ein Zusammenwirken von Placemaking und Local Governance angeregt werden können. Als Beispiel dient der Kulturkosmos Müritz e. V in Mecklenburg


The paper impacts the current debate on governance system in Poland upon Europeanisation in terms of co-creation of public services at urban and regional level. In this context, it can be a part of a discussion on challenges related to cities’ and regions’ transition from industrial economy, society, city and government, to creative and knowledge-based ones. Due to its dynamic and vibrant character, the item can be also implemented into the debate on social and economic strengths in order to solving urgent problems in cities and city-regions linking to innovation in governance. Its clue is the concept of co-creation, which occupies an important space in the current study of European integration. However, the starting point for the considerations contained in the paper is the observation, that while it is commonly accepted that the co-creation of services with citizens and other non-governmental actors seems to be the most effective action to answer to the need for new social innovations and the growing demand for personalised services, the research agenda linked to this has investigated this aspect regarding Eastern and Central Europe not in an enough extensive way. In this regards, the paper can contribute to the field.

The aim of the paper is to present the results of the general review of key sources concerning existing knowledge in the field of co-creation in Poland, both in domestic science and institutional practice. In the paper author confronted the EU concepts of co-creation of public services, whereby the basis of this approach was the participation of stakeholders in the decision-making processes as a crucial element of co-governance. In the paper a local case study will be discussed on the basis of social housing policy in Wrocław, the 4th biggest city in Poland.

The proposed paper is a part of the international research performed upon the project “Co-Creation of Public Innovation in Europe” (acronym “CoSIE”) financed upon Horizon 2020.


The purpose of this article is to draw attention to the importance of a strong relationship between social economy entities and their socio-institutional ecosystem. The article focuses on pointing out the importance of adequate diagnosis and the use of social capital existing in the community for the development and success of social economy initiatives. Draws attention to the importance of cooperation of these initiatives with local institutions, social organizations and representatives of local businesses as well as the level of their rooting in the minds of members of the community. The first part of the text referrers to the concept of co-production and Community-based social economy. The second part of the article presents the relation between the concept of social capital and community development and discusses the relation between the level of existing social capital in the given community and the possible development of the social economy entities operating there. The last part of the article presents practical examples of social economy entities operating in Poland, which are very often described as a ‘good practices’ of the practical implementation of different types of the idea of Social Economy. The conclusions underline that there is a need for strong rootedness and cooperation between social economy entities and the community in which it operates, based on shared values, aims and understanding of community needs and problems – building a specific space/position in the eco-system. This requires extensive relationships of social economy entities, both with individuals, public institutions and organizations operating in the local environment as well as with local values, norms, and traditions. To achieve such rootedness in case of entities that are usually established based on an external (usually institutional) decision with the strong financial support it seems to be necessary to use community work procedures as an implementation methodology. Due to the high degree of complexity of these types of projects and the need to mobilize large forces and resources, we may assume that the level of engagement of community members towards activities within a particular project usually determines its effectiveness.


This article examines the role of social/poverty impact assessment in contributing to the shaping of policy at a local level in Ireland. In doing so, it briefly describes the broader impact assessment landscape internationally, presenting key definitions and identifying underlying principles. From this the article highlights the key elements of social impact assessment, proposing a three-phase process to guide consideration of impact assessment, namely a pre-assessment phase, an assessment phase and a post-assessment phase. An analysis of these different phases then allows for a range of technical and more ‘theological’ assessment complexities to be presented. With this background in place, the article moves on to examine the local-level experience in Ireland. It acknowledges the highly innovative nature of poverty proofing as originally introduced in 1998 and retitled poverty impact assessment following a 2006 review by the Office for Social Inclusion. However, it points to the low level of engagement with poverty impact assessment processes at local level and suggests that poverty impact assessments have become largely subservient to other forms of impact assessment, particularly strategic environmental assessment. The article concludes that the local level does offer an important space for the practice of poverty impact assessment, but is unlikely to do so without the provision of appropriate capacity and resources, or without it being hardwired as a legislative obligation, albeit accompanied by mechanisms to sensitise and incentivise policymakers towards its usage.


Between 2007 and 2013, the European Rural Development Policy targets were supported by the LEADER policy, an instrument that can be interpreted differently according to each country. Based on the examples of France and Lithuania, we studied the way in which the institutional organization of the device at local level helps to understand the stakeholders system and how adaptable it is to situations in each of the corresponding countries and project areas. A comparative approach, based on a joint methodology of investigation and analysis, was used on four project areas: Joniškis and Ignalina in Lithuania, and Gévaudan-Lozère and Pays Coeur d’Hérault in France. It shows that, in all cases, a form of “municipalization” of the LEADER programme, or at least a strong integration of the association sector, is dominant and seems to be established. Studying the network of stakeholders helps to identify the interknowledge as well as the interdependency relationships that lie at the heart of the system. The development of the “social capital of individuals” is often an entry point, if not a cornerstone, of the stakeholders system in place. Finally, it is through the analysis of the project selection process that we can truly grasp the characteristics of the new public action mode, in particular by studying the allocation of projects in these local areas.

? (Kapitel 5). Es folgt eine ausführliche vergleichende Auswertung (Kapitel 6), dem sich Fazit und Ausblick anschließen. 2 Schlüsselbegriffe und Definitionen Im dynamischen Feld der Migrationsforschung wird seit einigen Jahren ein local turn konstatiert, wonach Städte das Thema Migration zunehmend als Bestandteil ihrer Aufgabenfelder wahrnehmen und teilweise versuchen, eigene politische Akzente zu setzen. Dieser Trend hin zu einer local governance of migration wird im Bereich der Integration – verstanden als Eingliederung in eine bestehende Gesellschaft – ( Asselin

References Bovaird, Tony and Elke Löffler. 2003. “Quality Management in Public Sector Organizations.” In Tony Bovaird and Elke Löffler (eds). Public Management and Governance . London / New York: Routledge, pp. 137–147. Bovaird, Tony and Elke Löffler. 2002. “Moving from Excellence Models of Local Service Delivery to Benchmarking ‘Good Local Governance’.” International Review of Administrative Sciences 68(1), 9–24. City of Dabrow. 2014. “Przygotowanie procedury Dąbrowskiego Modelu Budżetu Partycypacyjnego.” Available at https