The results of the paper are based on a research project which examines the renewable energy investments carried out in Hungarian rural settlements. The study will focus on the municipality-led renewable energy developments, determining the most important local benefits and the aspects of the local community involvement. Altogether 748 rural settlements have been identified, which have implemented at least one renewable energy project through the Environmental and Energy Operative Program between 2007 and 2013. A questionnaire has been sent out to these municipalities, and 159 full answers have been collected and analysed. We have investigated the importance and presence of local benefits deriving from renewable energy investments, and examined what effort is put into the information and involvement of the local community. The study concludes that although several local benefits occur at local level while implementing renewable energy projects, the effect of direct benefits remain at a low level. Furthermore, it can also be stated, that only moderate effort is put into the issue of local community involvement. The study also determines several major threats that can endanger the successfulness of the previous investments, and prevent the further renewable energy developments at local level.
The publication presents the results of analysis of possible local benefits factored in utility scale wind energy for a remote location. Electricity is one of the most vital problems on the Earth, thus utility scale wind and solar energy devices are boosting economic development. Energy demand is constantly increasing, despite efforts to ensure the energy efficiency of devices. People are looking for more energy and electricity to consume. Although wind energy is still being researched and improved, modern generation of wind energy is becoming more and more effective and desirable. This publication presents an effective solution to this issue. It deals with the generation of green environment friendly electricity from wind turbine. The genuine idea is to provide energy for remote location using onshore wind turbines. An analysis of the demand for energy at a remote location and electricity consumption was made to provide preliminary calculations of the wind farm. The number of required turbines is determined taking into account all related factors. A specific wind turbine has been selected and proposed to provide the necessary location with the necessary amount of energy. The analysis carried out showed that the produced energy is environment friendly since there is no carbon dioxide emission.
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, Bevölkerung in den Gemeinden am 31.12.2011 nach Geschlecht, Einwohner je km² und Anteil an der Gesamtbevölkerung (Area, population in the communities on 12/31/11 by gender, inhabitants per square kilometre and share of total population). Online: http://www.saarland.de/dokumente/thema_statistik/staa_FB311211.pdf (accessed 22 January 2013). Statistisches Amt Saarland, 2012b. Preliminary results from the Agricultural Census 2010 Saarland. Unpublished documents of the Statistisches Amt Saarland. Talbot M., 2012. Farm tourism in Wales: Products, markets and evidence of local
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References 1. Siegel R, Ma J, Zou Z, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin 2014; 64: 9-29. 2. Caudell JJ, De Los Santos JF, Keene KS, Fiveash JB, Wang W, Carlisle JD, et al. A dosimetric comparison of electronic compensation, conventional intensity modulated radiotherapy, and tomotherapy in patients with early-stage carcinoma of the left breast. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2007; 68: 1505-11. 3. Chung CS, Harris JR. Post-mastectomy radiation therapy: translating localbenefits into improved survival. Breast 2007; 16 (Suppl 2): S78-83. 4. Overgaard M
spatial cluster. Based on this definition, the term hub is used in the following to refer to nodes in networks that also generate localbenefits. 2.1 Understanding of Hubs An extensive body of literature discusses cities and their integration into non-local networks (e.g. Friedmann 1986 ; Sassen 1991 : 357 ff.; Scott/Agnew/Soja et al. 2004 ; Taylor 2004 : 15 ff.; Hall/Pain 2006 : 7 ff.). However, the most distinctive conceptual contribution was developed by Castells (1996) who deals explicitly with the combination of horizontal and vertical dimensions of
government cut the interests of the locals for self-determination and expression in having something as the dirt under their feet to stand on. The modern Commons must be able to determine: Whatever is grown on the Commons/or taken off the Commons is for one’s own benefit or the local community, but not for national or international sale. What is grown/or taken from the Commons is for localbenefit only.
1) Commons property is not private nor public property. Should one want to make use of the Commons, then so be it. Since the Commons is not private property, one cannot