Background and Aims. The intensive treatment in diabetes mellitus disturbs the common activities of the child, requiring a focus on the disease both from the part of the child and of the family, having an impact on the life quality. Therefore, the general assessment of the life quality of the child with diabetes mellitus becomes important.
Materials and Methods. The study comprised 153 children known with type 1 diabetes mellitus, recorded with the Centers of Diabetes, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases of Iasi and Suceava, aged between 8 – 18 years old, with a duration of diabetes mellitus of 1 – 10 years. For comparison, we employed a control group of 30 non-diabetic children. Each child and parent filled-in two questionnaires: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) and Diabetes Family Conflict Scale.
Results. The direct analysis showed that child life quality decreases slightly in the case of a great number of insulin injections, but not significant. The multivariate analysis regarding PedsQL assessment score highlighted the fact that only the family conflict condition reported to diabetes mellitus of the child and the number of insulin administrations a day, influence in a significant manner their life quality.
Conclusions. Family involvement in the management of diabetes mellitus of the child represents a fertile field for conflict appearance in family and we propose the intensive and correct involvement of the family in the management of diabetes mellitus of the child in order to maintain a high level of child life quality.
Preliminary case study on the environmental quality and life quality in the Romanian rural rudimentary communities
In the present study, our intention is to reveal the positive and negative aspects of living, in the rural communities appearing in Romania in the last 5-6 decades; often, these have occupied territories with astonishing natural landscapes, situated close to large rural settlements with a century-old history. If, from the perspective of the quality of the natural components of the environment, inside the perimeter of these settlements we can talk about extremely favorable habitat conditions, from the perspective of the access to utilities and technical facilities, we can identify a primitive, rudimentary lifestyle, whose only goal is most oftenly, the access of the minimum resources for subsistence. This case study has been made on two communities, situated at the contact between the Subcarpathians of Arges and the Iezer-Papusa and Leaota Mountains, respectively: the Gura Pravat village, a formal settlement, which extends along the left bank of the Argesel river, north of Namaiesti tourist village and an informal village situated on the left bank of the Dambovita river, inside the Complexe Reserve Cheile de la Cetateni.
The paper presents the results of a determinative study regarding the health profits obtained by the citizens of Caras-Severin County involved in the practice of leisure sport through the program sport for all offered. The aspect highlighted is that sport, for all, has beneficial effects on health being contained by all the components of life quality. The aim of the paper is to prove that issuing leisure time sports programs according to the needs of the client population increases the number of practitioners of sport and implicitly it contributes to the maintenance and improvement of the health state. In order to pursue health profits, the physical and psychic wellbeing of the participants in the sports programs, the observation method, the tests method and the method of recording the health coefficients on a protocol basis were used. The observation was achieved on a sample of 217 subjects which were initially tested, at the beginning of the programs and at the end of the research period. The conclusion was that the main component elements of life quality which can be ameliorated by free time sport activities are: health state; the biologic potential through the evaluation of the anthropometric, functional and physiological coefficients; motor skills; psycho-social relations and social integration. The health state, the biologic potential, motor skills, socialization can be considered dependent variables and through sports activities for all and through the implemented programs a strategic project of continuous development can be elaborated. Leisure sports activities ameliorate life quality of different categories of citizens and social groups.
). Relationships between psychometric and utility – based approaches to the measurements of health-related quality of life , Quality of Life Research, 2, 477–487.
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Réka Sólyom, Baghiu Maria Maria Despina and Adriana Neagoș
Introduction: The international literature gives us very variable data regarding sleep disorders and the complaints related to this pathology. However, interpreting these data is difficult because of the ethnical and cultural differences and the numerous possibilities of the assessments. In this paper the authors examined and evaluated the main parameters which characterize the sleep habits of a group of children in Romania, as well as the complaints related to it, which could influence the quality of sleeping.
Material and method: Distributing questionnaires amongst children in Tîrgu Mureș. We used different questionnaires, based on the Epworth and Conner’s scores, for children between 11-14 and 15-18 years and for their parents.
Results: The gender ratio was approximately equal, the height and weight of the children was within the framework of Romanian standards. The most frequent nocturnal complaints were: problems with falling asleep, agitation, awakenings during the night. The most frequent daytime complaints: fatigue when in school, difficulty waking up in the morning and mood swings. The results showed significant differences between weekday sleeping hours and weekend sleep time (p = 0.0022).
Conclusion: Sleep habits change with age, which is a physiological effect. Other factors that modify sleeping habits in a negative way and reduce the time spent sleeping, play a crucial role in the occurrence of persistent fatigue, reduced quality school performance and even of a depraved life quality.
It was assumed that the sense of the quality of life would reveal a significant relationship with personality-related and axiological dimensions among specialists (the Personality and Axiological Model MOA). It was hypothesized that there would be a positive correlation between independent personality-related variables for the sense of life quality (structure of personality: competence, relations, autonomy, adaptation and professional achievements). The determination coefficient was 0.47, that is, its variance was 47% of the variable sense of life quality being explained in the structural model MOA; by women 48%, by men 39%. In the discussion on the obtained results, emphasis should be put on the significance ascribed by specialists to the following dimensions: adaptation, competence and relations for the quality of life.
Introduction. Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by progressive dementia process. There’s no medicine available to hinder that process. In case, the ill individual is unable to diagnose early symptoms of the disease, they call a doctor in the moment when a neurotic atrophy is irreversible. The patient is gradually losing self-reliance in everyday activities, the ability to take care of themselves, loses touch with the reality and surrounding world, begins to experience distressing symptoms and becomes isolated from the society. All these factors affect the life quality of an individual suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.
Aim. The present article provides an analysis of literature on the quality of life in people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.
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Deepika Sharma, Jaspreet Kaur, Monika Rani, Arpit Bansal, Manoj Malik and Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan
Background and Aims: Diabetes Mellitus may affect the patient’s quality of life and sleep that lead to reduced satisfaction of life. Aim of study was to improve quality of life and sleep along with satisfaction of life by giving physical therapy (pilates based on mat exercise) intervention. Material and Methods: Study design: experimental study, same subject design (pre-post). Sample size: 30 individuals (13 males,17 females) with mean age 46.05±9.01, mean weight 70.48±12.11 and mean duration of diabetes mellitus 7.88±4.49. Intervention: Pilates based mat exercises were given in experimental group. Duration of treatment:30-40minutes.Number of session:5 sessions/week. Total duration: 4 weeks. Outcomes measures: Final Qolid Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Satisfaction with Life Scale. Statistics: descriptive statistics used to measure mean± standard deviation and inferential statistics related t-test used to compare pre and post reading. Results: The results showed highly significant effect of exercise on quality of life and quality of sleep and significant result was found on satisfaction with life. Conclusion: Pilates based mat exercises shows positive effect on all parameters (quality of life, quality of sleep and satisfaction with life) of patients having type 2 diabetes mellitus.