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References 1. Ahiakpor, J. C. W. Rashid on Adam Smith: In Need of Proof, The Journal of Libertarian Studies , Vol. 10, No. 2, Fall, 1992, pp. 171-180. 2. Ahiakpor, J. C. W. Did Adam Smith Retard the Development of Economic Analysis? A Critique of Murray Rothbard’s Interpretation, The Independent Review 3, No. 3 (Winter) 1999, pp. 355–83. 3. Ahiakpor, J. C. W. On Aspromourgos’s Mistaken Reading of Adam Smith’s Price Theory, History of Economic Ideas 16, No. 3 (Summer), 2008, pp. 119–24. 4. Barnett, W. Human Nature, the Bishops, and the American Economy, 33

References 1. Barnett, R. E. The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law , New York, United States: Oxford University Press, 1998. 2. Block W. E., and R. Whitehead. Taking the Assets of the Criminal to Compensate Victims of Violence, In W. E. Block and R. Whitehead, Philosophy of Law: The Supreme Court’s Need for Libertarian Law , New York, United States: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, pp. 417–442. 3. Block, W. E. Libertarian Punishment Theory and Unjust Enrichment, Journal of Business Ethics 154, 1, 2019, pp. 103–108. 4. Block, W. E. Libertarian

References 1. Austin, J. L. How to Do Things With Words , Second Edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976. 2. Block, W. Voluntary slavery. Libertarian Connection 6, 1969, pp. 9-11. 3. Cohen, G. A. Self-ownership, Freedom, and Equality , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995 4. Feinberg, J. Harm to Self. Vol. 3 , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. 5. Hohfeld, W. Some fundamental legal conceptions as applied in judicial reasoning, The Yale Law Review 23, 1913, pp. 16-59. 6. Honoré, A. M. Ownership, In: A.G. Guest (ed)., Oxford Essays in

References 1. Block, W. E., and K. Williamson. Is Libertarianism Thick or Thin? Thin! Italian Law Journal 3, no. 1 (2017), Available at http://theitalianlawjournal.it/data/uploads/3-italj-1-2017/pdf/block-williamson.pdf . 2. Deist, J. host. Richard Cantillon as a Proto-Austrian. The Human Action Podcast (podcast), June 23, 2019. Available at https://mises.org/library/richard-cantillon-proto-austrian . 3. Nozick, R. Anarchy, State, and Utopia , New York: Basic Books, 1974. 4. Rockwell Jr., L. H. The Story of the Mises Institute, Mises Wire , September 19

References 1. Vossen, B. Libertarianism; retrieved from: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/libertarianism , June 25 th 2020. 2. Appleman, R. South to the Naktong, North to the Yalu , Washington DC: United States Army Center of Military History, 1992. 3. Bellamy, A., and P. Williams. Understanding Peacekeeping , Cambridge: Polity Press, 2010. 4. Bosco, D. Five to Rule Them All: The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World , New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. 5. Carpenter, T. The Mirage of Global Collective Security, In T. Carpenter (ed

References 1. Hayek, F. A. The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988. 2. Lester, J. C. Escape from Leviathan: Libertarianism Without Justificationism , Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press, [2000] 2012. 3. Lester, J. C. Arguments for Liberty: a Libertarian Miscellany , Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press, [2011] 2016. 4. Lester, J. C. Explaining Libertarianism: Some Philosophical Arguments , Buckingham: The University of Buckingham Press, 2014. 5. Levendis, J., R. B. Eckhardt, and W. Block

References BRENNAN, J. & VOSSEN, B. van der (2018): The myths of the self-ownership thesis. In: J. Brennan, B. van der Vossen & D. Schmidtz (eds.): The Routledge handbook of libertarianism . New York: Routledge, pp. 199–211. COHEN, G. A. (1995): Self-ownership, freedom, and equality . New York: Oxford University Press. COPP, D. (ed.) (2006): The oxford handbook of ethical theory . Oxford: Oxford University Press. DWORKIN, R. (1993): Life’s dominion. An argument about abortion, euthanasia, and individual freedom . New York: Alfred A. Knopf. DWORKIN, R., NAGEL

Abstract

Libertarianism has a problem, perhaps an insurmountable one, and its problem lies squarely in the domain from which it is sourced: the intellectual and political elite of the West. As such, it rests on an ontological viewpoint far outside the purview and experience of quotidian man. Furthermore, it rests on an epistemology of the person as sovereign, Natural Law, which requires a concomitant education or understanding of the Classics, or at least self-awareness and the ability to think logically. Many non-intellectuals are either uninterested or incapable of following the Libertarian arguments of personal sovereignty and instead submit. This unconscious submission to the authority of a government, father figure, or other self-appointed “authority” relieves the individual of the psychological pain of breaking out of the herd. C. G. Jung (1875-1961) was adamant that to be an individual is a radical act: “To develop one’s own personality is indeed an unpopular undertaking, a deviation that is highly uncongenial to the herd, an eccentricity smelling of the cenobite, as it seems to the outsider [11, Para. 298]. Further, Alexander Hamilton (1755 or 1747-1804) noted that the elite are more than happy to have the masses submit to their authority without question as it advances their control: “a fondness for power is implanted in most men, and it is natural to abuse it when acquired” [9]. The rest of this article explores this psychosis of authority and how Libertarianism suffers in popularity as a result.

Abstract

Today’s sport clubs are exposed to turbulently changing circumstances to which they must adapt. If we want to talk about quality sport clubs, we have to find the qualitative criterion that justifies them. This must then be accepted by society as well. Such aspects of quality and evaluation may show justice. Only one truth exists. Thus the question is how and by what principles we should interpret it. Justice can play a key role in the operation of sport clubs as a moral element. This justice must not necessarily be linked to equality. The goal of this study is to interpret justice as a quality factor in sport clubs. The other goal of the study is to present some theories of justice related to sport. The study examines Bentham’s utilitarianism, Mill’s higher pleasures, and the ideas of libertarianism concerning justice. The theories of justice in addition to social processes also play a key role in today’s sport clubs. During the interpretations, it is important to distinguish between competitive and non-competitive sport clubs in relation to justice. It also depends on the practical applicability of the theory of justice. The practical application of theories of justices should be thoroughly investigated in the life of sport clubs. Then the sport clubs’ management must decide which theory of justice should be introduced. The key question concerns how to apply it consistently in practice while taking into account the interests of existing and prospective members. Finding the potential qualitative key factors for the sport clubs’ qualification is a complex activity. Besides happiness and justice, many other ancient and presently valued virtues can be relevant qualities and distinctive aspects among sport clubs.

Undefendable . Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute BLOCK, WALTER E. (2013), Legalize Blackmail . Chalmette, LA: Straylight Publishing. BLOCK, WALTER E. (2015), “Natural Rights, Human Rights and Libertarianism”. American Journal of Economics and Sociology , vol. 74, issue 1, January, pp. 29-62 BLOCK, WALTER E. (2015), “The Trolley: a Libertarian Analysis”. Ethics and Politics , vol. 17, issue 2, pp. 237-251 BRENNAN, JASON (2012), Libertarianism: What Everyone Needs to Know . New York, NY: Oxford University Press BRENNAN, JASON AND PETER M. JAWORSKI (2016), Market