The article analyzes the process of training social educators how to organize cultural and leisure activities. It was specified that analysis and thorough study of British experience was a fundamental source required to define relevant strategies and areas to solve the problem of training social educators to organize cultural and leisure activities. The article reveals the peculiarities of social educators’ scientific training, examines the ways of supporting and developing these specialists in the UK and Ukraine. It was noted that conceptual foundations of these specialists’ training to organize cultural and leisure activities should be justified taking into account the following components: the level of their spiritual development, life experience, active social and cultural activities, continuing education, the principles of comparative pedagogy, etc. It was concluded that professional training of social educators in foreign experience was similar in the fact that complex functions of recreational, leisure, cultural potential were realized only by specialists who obtained university education and also received additional knowledge in the field of social work, social pedagogy and other related disciplines. It was specified that the complexity of training social educators in British experience consists in the fact that these specialists should have the knowledge of various issues: from the principles of social and cultural state policy, general organization of social security system, specificity of cultural and leisure infrastructure functioning, demographic peculiarities to relevant methods of working with different gropus of population. It was clarified that prospects for further research should be aimed at analyzing educational scientific and methodological recommendations of international experience in training social educators.
Biernat E., A.K. Gajewski, N. Łukasik (2008) Participation of retail trade workers in recreation and tourism. Turystyka i Rekreacja 4 :5-12.
Biernat E., M.Kozikowska, A.K.Gajewski (2007) Turystyka w życiu nauczycieli akademickich. Turystyka i Rekreacja 3 :24-32.
Biernat E., M.Piątkowska, A.K.Gajewski (2006) Participation in sport, motor leisureactivities and physical activity of teachers from two different universities. In: S.Czyż, F.Viviani (eds.), Elsevier Urban
Jackson, E.L. (1990a). Trends in leisure preferences: Alternative constraints-related explanations. Journal of Applied Recreation Research, 15 , 129-145.
Jackson, E.L. (1990b). Variations in the desire to begin a leisureactivity: Evidence of antecedent constraints? Journal of Leisure Research, 22 , 55-70.
Jun, J. & Kyle, G.T. (2011). The effect of identity conflict/facilitation on the experience of constraints to leisure and constraint negotiation. Journal of Leisure Research , 43 (2), 176-204.
Kemperman, A.D.A.M. & Timmermans, H.J.P. (2008
The paper* considers common youth leisure activities in traditional Karelian culture, from the point of view both of the culturally prescribed norms and the actual behaviour. Special attention is paid to official and social adolescent development frameworks and to reflection of these age-related stages in folk vocabulary. The paper uses a large number of recently published and unpublished ethnographic and folkloristic sources. The authors come to the conclusion that in Karelian culture there is a specific age-group framework for adolescence, as well as gender-related differences between male and female behavioural patterns. The paper shows that girls had to undertake more varied tasks than boys as, on the one hand, they were to play socially prescribed roles and follow moral obligations, remaining modest and, on the other hand, had to be active in order to get married and give birth to children.
Socio-Demographic and Leisure Activity Determinants of Physical Activity of Working Warsaw Residents Aged 60 to 69 Years
The purpose of the study was to assess factors determining physical activity in persons at the age of 60-69 years in an urban area. The study included 262 working residents of Warsaw at the initial period of old age. The study utilized a questionnaire consisting of two parts. The first part concerned recreational and touristic activities in the previous year. The second is a Polish version of IPAQ, assessing the respondents' level of activity throughout the past week. Based on IPAQ results, the respondents were divided into physically active and inactive ones. The active group included people meeting moderate to vigorous physical activity, whereas the inactive group included people who took up no physical activity at all or those with a low physical activity level. The relations between taking up physical activity and the variables characterizing the demographic structure as well as touristic and recreational activity of the respondents were assessed with the use of a log-linear analysis. Out of the variables taken into account, age, education and participation in physical recreation proved to be significant factors in taking up activity by the elderly. The odds ratios computed for the analyzed variables indicate that the risk of being inactive increases over two times after exceeding 65 years of age; a risk of similar magnitude was also observed in case of less educated populations. Regular participation in physical recreation provides a four-times increase in the chances to achieve levels of physical activity sufficient to remain healthy.
Nowadays, the act of taking care of one’s appearance has become a marker of a healthy lifestyle among both women and (mostly metrosexual) men. Physical activity plays a minor role, and tourist trips are more and more frequently combined with the consumption of medical services, including surgery and aesthetic dermatology. The aim of this study is to explain the phenomenon of medical tourism, particularly the specialized category of medical tourism for liposuction treatments, and its relation to the values of physical culture. The work is theoretical; it is supplemented by references to the presented issues in the form of a case study of “lipotourism” and its participants. As a result, the profile of a medical tourist has been identified against which a “lipotourist” constitutes an inimitable case. It seems that although the purpose for the travels of such a tourist is recognized, it still remains a matter of conjecture in terms of experience and behavior.
To prove the thesis that participating in tourism for medical reasons can affect one’s quality of life, certain conditions must be met: 1. The applied treatment must not cause (permanent) damage to the patient’s health; 2. Liposuction must be treated exclusively as an (invasive) aesthetic surgery and not as a method of weight reduction; 3. Regular physical activity and a healthy diet and lifestyle must be included in the process of body shaping, and 4. Health and physical education must be treated as superior values of quality of life. The existing considerations should only be regarded as preliminary.
Dagmar Nemček, Petra Kurková and Julie Wittmannová
The objective of this study was to analyse the level of subjective well-being (SWB) through five SWB dimensions and compare it between healthy male and healthy female high school students preferring sedentary leisure time activities. The research sample comprised of 90 male high school students (mean age 16.72 ± 1.33) and 126 female high school students (mean age 16.71 ± 1.36) who preferred sedentary types of leisure time activities with self-reported good health status. A standardized The Bern Subjective Well-Being Questionnaire for Adolescents (BFW) was used as a primary research method. We found significantly higher level of positive SWB dimension (U = 4281, p = 0.002, r = 172) and significantly lower level of negative SWB dimension (U = 2835, p = 0.000, r = 424) in the group of male high school students with self-reported good health status in comparison to female high school students. Parents should be involved in the selection of their children's leisure time activities, so it should not have only the sedentary character but also sport leisure time activities, mainly among young girls.
Dorota Trzcińska, Piotr Tabor and Elżbieta Olszewska
of political changes in Poland. Report of National debate on the conditions, the realities and challenges of physical education in Poland, November 28, 2012. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish]
Jopkiewicz A., Kooecielnik J. (2011). Physical activity and leisureactivities of young people aged 11-16. In J. Tatarczuk, R. Asienkiewicz, E. Skorupka (Eds.), Ontogeny and health promotion in the context of medicine, anthropology and physical education (pp. 389-405). Zielona Góra: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski. [in Polish]
Marchewka J., Mucha A., Rogóż J
Jitka Fialová, Pavla Kotásková, Jiří Schneider, Nikola Žmolíková and Pavlína Procházková
An optional leisure activity in the countryside for wheelchair users is subject to discussion b in this article. Geo-caching is a leisure activity on the borders between tourism and sport, which appeals to a growing proportion of peoples globally. It can become a prospective part of social tourism as a leisure activity for persons with disabilities: this paper devotes attention to wheelchair users. In this research project we analysed how terrain difficulty and its markings reflect on the availability of caches to be gained by wheelchair users. The aim of the field survey was to verify if the caches indicated by the difficulty of the terrain (terrain level: 1 and 1.5) can be considered available for disabled people. The availability of the caches was also assessed based on the presence (aid) of an assistant. We found that access to most of the easily available caches contains small but critical constraints for wheelchair users – from path bumps to the very cache locations which are unreachable for wheelchair users. Therefore, we have proposed a set of recommendations and pictograms to make geo-caching more available for persons using wheelchairs and to expand their opportunities for active outdoor leisure activity. The results will be used to design access to natural sites for wheelchair users.
Eating out for many is regarded as a leisure activity, embracing the consumption of food, drink and place. In contrast to the ubiquitous and homogenous branded coffee shops and cafes found in most cities are examples from earlier eras, which offer consumers a degree of differentiation. They represent a culinary legacy and heritage by association with time and place. Cafes are utilised in the two case study examples, Deller’s Café, Exeter, United Kingdom, and Café Kranzler, Berlin, Germany, as social spaces, and in the context of tourism, attractions. The appeal of social spaces with an historical legacy is presented as the basis for further social research opportunities. These, it is proposed present a way of looking at the past to learn about the present.