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Abstract

The Old World genus Thysanarthria Orchymont, 1926 is reviewed taxonomically and compared to the related genus Chaetarthria Stephens, 1835. Chaetarthria is considered to consist of three groups differing in the morphology of male genitalia and surrounding sclerites: (1) large Old World Chaetarthria which seems to stand apart of the remaining groups, and (2) European Chaetarthria plus (3) American Chaetarthria which both share the male sternite 8 with a long median projection with Thysanarthria. The reduced mesal part of male sternite 9 is shared by European Chaetarthria and Thysanarthria, supporting their close relationship proposed by previous molecular analyses. Sixteen species are recognized within Thysanarthria which differ in the details of the morphology of the aedeagus illustrated for all species. Seven species are described as new: T. bifida sp. nov. (Thailand), T. cardamona sp. nov. (India: Kerala), T. chui sp. nov. (Taiwan), T. persica sp. nov. (southern Iran), T. saurahana sp. nov. (Nepal), T. trifida (Laos), and T. wadicola sp. nov. (Oman). New records are provided for T. ceylonensis Hebauer, 2001 (new to India: Madhya Pradesh), T. championi (Knisch, 1924) (new to Afghanistan, India: Arunachal Pradesh, China: Yunnan, and Myanmar), T. madurensis Hebauer, 2001 (new to Nepal and India: Kerala), and T. siamensis Hebauer, 2001 (new to India: Uttarkhand, Nepal and Laos). Chaetarthriomorphus sulcatus Chiesa, 1967 is revealed as a junior synonym of Chaetarthria championi Knisch, 1924, and lectotypes are designated for both these taxa. An undescribed species of the American group of Chaetarthria is recorded from Saudi Arabia either as an accidental introduction or due to mislabeling; the species is illustrated but not described.

Abstract

Anthelephila maindroni (Pic, 1903) is redescribed and A. maindroni strigosa (Heberdey, 1934) is elevated to the species level. Four species are newly described from India: Anthelephila feminea sp. nov. (Maharashtra, Karnataka), A. nandi sp. nov. (Karnataka), A. sahyadrica sp. nov. (Tamil Nadu), and A. semistrigosa sp. nov. (Tamil Nadu). A new synonymy, Anthelephila maindroni (Pic, 1903) = Formicomus argutus Krekich-Strassoldo, 1928, syn. nov., is proposed. A lectotype is designated for Formicomus maindroni strigosus Heberdey, 1934.

Abstract

The Neotropical genus Pygodiscodon Wittmer, 1966 (Coleoptera: Cantharidae: Silinae: Silini) is revised. Six species are recognized as valid, three of which are herein proposed as new: Pygodiscodon apicicornis (Pic, 1910), P. gurupi sp. nov., P. monoceros sp. nov., P. obscurus Wittmer, 1966, P. similis sp. nov., and P. touroulti Constantin, 2010. Pygodiscodon obscurus, currently synonymized with P. apicicornis, is herein revalidated. A lectotype is designated for P. apicicornis. Pygodiscodon apicicornis and P. touroulti are recorded for the first time in Guyana and Suriname, and Brazil respectively. An identification key and a distributional map for the species are provided.

Abstract

The mirine plant bug genus Prolygus Carvalho, 1987 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Mirinae: Mirini) and superficially reminiscent taxa in eastern Asia (mainly in Japan, P. R. China and Taiwan) are reviewed. Four species in the region are now assigned to Prolygus. Three new genera, Anthophilolygus gen. nov., Miyamotolygus gen. nov. and Poppiolygus gen. nov., are proposed to accommodate Prolygus bakeri (Poppius, 1915), Neolygus rufilorum (Lu & Zheng, 2004) and Lygus bengalicus Reuter, 1885, respectively. Ten new combinations and three new synonymies are established: Apolygopsis eoa (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [transferred from Apolygus China, 1941]; A. fuhoshoensis (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Apolygus]; A. nigra (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Prolygus]; Anthophilolygus bakeri (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Prolygus] = P. tainanensis (Poppius, 1915) syn. nov.; Micromimetus rubrotinctus (Carvalho, 1956) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato]; Miyamotolygus bui (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus Knight, 1917]; M. pictus (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; M. rufilorum (Lu & Zheng, 2004) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; Poppiolygus bengalicus (Reuter, 1885) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato] = Prolygus kirkaldyi (Poppius, 1915) syn. nov.; Prolygus disciger (Poppius, 1915) comb. nov. [Neolygus]; P. palauensis (Carvalho, 1956) comb. nov. [Lygus sensu lato]; P. nigriclavus (Poppius, 1915) = Neolygus nigroscutellaris (Lu & Zheng, 2004) syn. nov. Two additional new species, Anthophilolygus alaneylesi sp. nov. (central Thailand) and Micromimetus sunweni sp. nov. (Lanyu Island, Taiwan), are also described. The lectotype is designated for Lygus bengalicus Reuter. Lygus sacchari Matsumura, 1910 is regarded as nomen dubium.

Abstract

Apsectus kaliki sp. n. from Guyana is described, illustrated and compared with all the known Neotropical species of the genus Apsectus LeConte, 1854. Lectotypes are designated for Apsectus centralis Sharp, 1902 and Apsectus hystrix Sharp, 1902

81 : 662–665 (in Russian, English summary). EVANS J. W. 1977: The leafhoppers and froghoppers of Australia and New Zealand. Part 2. Records of the Australian Museum 31 : 83–129. FLETCHER M. J. & CONDELLO A. A. 1993: Lectotype designations and new synonymies for GW Kirkaldy’s Australian Deltocephalinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) held in the BP Bishop Museum, Honolulu. General and Applied Entomology 25 : 35–59. GHAURI M. S. K. 1968: The African and Malagasian species of Nephotettix Matsumura (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea). Bulletin of Entomological Research 57 : 643

, J.R. V ockeroth , D.M. W ood (eds.). Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Volume 2. Research Branch Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, 1193–1269. Z iegler J., S hima H. 1996. Tachinid flies of the Ussuri area (Diptera, Tachinidae), Contributions to the knowledge of East Palaearctic insects, No. 5. Beiträge zur Entomologie 46 : 379–478. Z iegler J., L utovinovas E., ZHANG Ch. 2016. The taxa of the Dinera carinifrons species complex (Diptera, Tachinidae), with the description of a new West Palaearctic subspecies and three lectotype designations. Studia dipterologica 21 (2

References Andersson H. (1970): Taxonomic notes on the genera Platycheirus and Melanostoma (Dipt., Syrphidae) with lectotype designations. - Entomol. Scandinavica 1: 236-240. Ball S. G., Morr is R. K. A., Rotheray G. E. & Watt K. R. (2011): Atlas of the hoverflies of Great Britain (Diptera, Syrphidae). Wallingford, Biological Records Centre, 183 pp. Bartsch H. (2009): Tvavingar: Blomfugor (Diptera: Syrphidae: Syrphinae). Sveriges lantbruksuniversiteit, 406 pp. Bhatia M. L. (1939): Biology, morphology and anatomy of aphidophagous Syrphid larvae. - Parasitology

, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 71 : 169–301 + pls I–XI. KUHLMANN M. 1998: Lectotype designation and new synonymy for Afrotropical and Oriental bees of the genus Colletes Latr. (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Colletinae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 30 : 559–577. KUHLMANN M. 2003: Zur Kenntnis paläarktischer Bienen der Gattung Colletes Latr. mit Beschreibung neuer Arten (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Colletinae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 35 : 723–746. KUHLMANN M. 2007: Neue Colletes-Arten aus China mit Anmerkungen zu weiteren Arten (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Colletidae). Linzer

Orthopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokotra. Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der W issenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 39 : 53–58. KRAUSS A. 1907: Orthopteren aus Südarabien und von der Insel Sokótra. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaf ten, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 71(2) : 1–30 [published as reprint in 1907, re-published in journal in 1931]. KUHLMANN M. 1998: Lectotype designation and new synonymy for Afrotropical and Oriental bees of the genus Colletes Latr. (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Colletinae