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Georgi N. Nikolov, Milena D. Karcheva, Chavdar A. Tsvetkov, Alexandar V. Valkov, , Tihomir R. Rashev and Alexandar B. Blazhev
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are associated with the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is well documented that high-risk (HR)-HPVtypes are etiologically associated with some cancers. The aim of the study was to investigate HPV16-DNApositivity and prevalence of Ig Gantibody against HPV16 in patients with laryngeal carcinoma and precancerous lesions of cervix uteri in Pleven region, Bulgaria. Material/Methods: We performedacross-sectional study and investigated clinical materials. Attached is real-time PCR-analysis for detection of HPV16-DNA. HPVspecific antibody response by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test for detection and quantification of specific Ig Gantibodies in serum were used. Results: For the six-month period, 30 samples were collected and tested. Fourteen of them were found in patients with carcinoma of the larynx and sixteen - in patients with various lesions of cervix uteri.We found that six patients (42.8%) in the first group and eight patients (50%) in the second group were HPV16-DNA-positive. Different age groups were affected. The sera analyzed in this study showed that seven patients (50%) with carcinoma of the larynx were seropositive of whom four (57%) were males. Fourteen of the females with dysplasia (88%) were seropositive. Matching DNApositivity and antibody response were found in 29%of the patients with laryngeal cancer. The match was found in 50%of the females with cervical dysplasia. Conclusions: Real-time PCRisarapid, cost-effective method for detection of HPVs.Ahigh level of seropositivity was found in the two groups of patients.
Angioedema with life-threatening site is one of the most impressive and serious reasons for presenting to the ENT doctor. Among different causes (tumors, local infections, allergy reactions), an important cause is the side-effect of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors drugs. ACE-inhibitors-induced angioedema is described to be the most frequent form of bradykinin-mediated angioedema presented in emergency and also one of the most encountered drug-induced angioedema. The edema can involve one or more areas of the head and neck region, the most affected being the face, the lips, the tongue, followed by the larynx, when it may determine respiratory distress and even death.
There are no specific diagnosis tests available and the positive diagnosis of ACE-inhibitors-induced angioedema is an exclusion diagnosis. The authors performed a review of the most important characteristics of the angioedema caused by ACE-inhibitors and present their experience emphasizing the diagnostic algorithm.