The paper outlines the peculiarities of Applied Linguistics as a branch of science and specialty provided by universities worldwide. Its scope, relevance in modern labour market and immediate relation to communication and language studies have been analyzed. Its advantages as a flourishing educational program for tertiary education and as an occupation in modern digital world with diverse realms of communication and language application have been substantiated. A wide range of activities pressuposed by Applied Linguistics study have been outlined: researching language in classrooms (classroom-based research); work with different kinds of written and spoken texts (corpus linguistics); approaching language learning (learner autonomy); testing and assessment of language learning; expanding vocabulary (including multiword expressions); dictionary making; interpretation and translation; studies of bilingualism and multilingualism. It has been determined that five most important concepts are basic for understanding the relation of Applied Linguistics to language and communication studies: Functional Linguistics, Language and its Application, Communicative Competence; Cognitive Discourse Analysis, Conceptual Blending Theory, and Contemporary Discourse Analysis; Barriers in Specialized Translation fields and their overcoming (by means of technology); Linguistics and Culture; Language hierarchy, authority, policy, and planning. Applied Linguistics program in tertiary education provides students with necessary studies in relation to language and communication in terms of language communication, its components, conditions of successful communication and cooperation; language etiquette; speech codes, their switching and mixing; speech acts and their types; context of culture, situation and co-texts; assembling and working with corpora; researching collocations and units of meaning. Undergoing the program of Applied Linguistics in tertiary education students can broaden knowledge of linguistics and language; deal with contemporary issues concerning the diversity of languages and cultures in societies; learn and teach foreign languages; eliminate language and communication gaps between people of different cultures; enhance the development of languages and communication skills.
The article deals with revealing the peculiarities of language teachers’ professional training in the context of British experience. The notions of philology, linguistics, philologist, linguist, language studies have been outlined and specified in the article. The titles of the curricula and their meanings in reference to language training have been analyzed. The reasons for an abundance of university curricula for language training have been justified. The content of Subject Benchmark Statement on Languages, Cultures and Societies has been defined. It has been stated that such processes as enhancing social values in the society, promoting integration processes and forming positive experience in the synthesis of classical and innovative approaches to training as well as the changes in the functions of training characterize the professional training of language teachers in Great Britain. On the example of De Montfort University the peculiarities of language teachers’ professional training, in particular, ESL teachers, have been illustrated. It has been concluded that the methodological basis of future language teacher’s professional training at British universities consists of personality-based, competency-based, integrative and differentiated approaches and is characterized by the orientation of the training content to forming and developing students’ core professional competencies and rational combination of theoretical practical components.
The article deals with studying organizational and content peculiarities of English teachers’ professional training in Canada. It has been found out that professional training of English teachers, in particular, is provided in many Canadian higher education institutions, namely, universities, university colleges, community colleges and CEGEP colleges. Students are offered the curricula ensuring their high mobility as they may define specificity, a mode and a level of study according to their educational needs and interests. It has been concluded that the content of philological training is a process coordinating the content according to its components, namely, theoretical, empirical and practical knowledge and skills form the block system of interrelated elements. It has been defined that main theoretical and methodical principles for structuring curricula and syllabi for English teachers’ professional training in Canada are multiculturalism; combination, concordance and rational correspondence of theory and practice; pedagogical ideas of equal opportunities, respect for cultures, identity and unity of learning and socialization; consistency and succession; collegiality, partnership, transparency and a dialogue of cultures. It has been specified that programme specifications for English teachers’ training are based on such directions of pedagogical activity as developing students’ interest and respect for cultures of the nations of the world, understanding their general and specific values, comprehending the essence of global events and their consequences, accepting different views on them. As a result, future English teachers obtain the abilities and skills that will ensure their effective activity in multicultural environment as well as learn how to solve the issues associated with adaptation, integration and learning of children from different ethnic groups.
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Ellison, Maria. “(De)Constructing CLIL in the Primary Context: Primary Practice Revisited and Reconsidered.” APPINEP Bulletin, vol. 22, 2010, pp. 8-11.
Ellison, Maria, and Álvaro Almeida Santos. “Implementing CLIL in Schools: The Case of the GoCLIL Project in Portugal.” e-TEALS: An e-Journal of Teacher Education and Applied LanguageStudies, vol. 8, 2017, pp. 43-72.
In the present text, some recent changes in the perspective taken by psycholinguists in the study of language and communication are discussed. T heir interests seem to gradually shift from the study of language processing as an isolated and independent phenomenon towards inclusion of more interactional factors being indispensable components of interpersonal communication and involved in the process of communicative alignment. Alignment is here understood as a complex phenomenon that goes beyond increasing similarity of mental representations and related communicative behaviour. It simultaneously occurs on many levels and in various modalities, including those traditionally excluded from language study. A s a consequence, it implies not only more flexibility in the study of interpersonal communication but it also means a shift in the psycholinguistic methodology and probably also in the widely accepted picture of language and its limits.
Introduction The scientific article is an analytical overview of history of child language as new research branch launched in Latvia, indicating significance and future perspective of this direction.
Aim of the study The aim of the research is to analyse and substantiate the history, strategy and perspective of child's language studies in Latvia.
Materials and methods The traditional methods used in researches of child language in Latvia - research observation, questionnaires, theoretic analysis of interviews, writing down and classification of vocabulary in form of dictionaries, approbation of conclusions in meetings and reviews, as well as instrumental speech analysis methods.
The article uses materials on previous research of child's language in Latvia.
Results Before establishment of the Child's Language Research Centre of the Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy (RTTEMA), mostly separate articles were dedicated to child language studies in Latvia. In September 2006, regulations of the Child's Language Research Centre were approved by decision of Senate of the Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy, and on 5 January 2007, the centre was officially registered at the Ministry of Education and Science. Researchers have worked with the following branches: child's language in mixed families, enrichment of child's language in circumstances of culture interaction and society consolidation, child multilingualism in Latvia, signs of social changes in child language, games and plays for development of child language, language in fiction and teaching aids for children, marks of child literary creativity, child language as an object of philological research and typology of child language. The field of research has been extended to analysis of adolescent language, as well as solutions for development and perfection of child language are being searched in cooperation with specialists from psychology and language pathology.
Results of child language studies are published in monographs, one collection of articles and many articles, as well as works of popular-science; recommendations have been provided to specialists of preschool education and children's parents. Samples and records of children's speech at various ages are collected and analysed, the first dictionary of child's language has been prepared for publication; this empiric material will be of use for researchers of various fields. Approbation of methods for acoustic analysis of child's language is carried out.
Conclusions As a result of activities of the Child's Language Research Centre of the Riga Teacher Training and Educational Management Academy research of child' language in Latvia has developed into purposeful and stable field of research.
This is a complex field of research based on results acquired by specialists from pedagogy, linguistics and psychology.
Language serves needs of child's expression and communication in compliance with the individual world of emotions, concepts, initial notions and attitude. To study this particularity and its gradual alignment with mental activities of grown-up people is a significant research task providing contribution to development of linguistics and pedagogy as well as other fields related to child's raising and development.
Liudmila Dulksnienė, Irmantas Ramanauskas, Sigutė Stankevičienė and Rima-Jūratė Gerbutavičienė
The increasing significance of science and more intensive cooperation with foreign partners create favorable preconditions for the education and training of good specialists. In view of the renewal of specialty knowledge and the possibility to read the most recent scientific literature in a foreign language and to participate in international conferences with foreign partners, it has become relevant to educate specialists capable of cooperating in scientific and subject-oriented activity when freely communicating in several foreign languages. However, currently, many higher education institutions in Lithuania are reducing the number of hours in the professional foreign language modules. Still, despite the continuous reduction of the hours allocated for foreign language learning, the requirements for the quality of knowledge are actually increasing. For this reason, the teacher faces a problem of how to help a student internalize the required professional knowledge within a short period of time. The aim of the study was to reveal the peculiarities of the expression of integrated practical classes in professional language studies at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences (LSMU). In search of new possibilities for professional language learning, integrated professional language classes were used for students learning medicine in Lithuanian and a foreign language. During these classes, medical issues were analyzed. The study on the learning process in the integrated professional language classes at the LSMU was carried out in 2014. Data for this quantitative study were collected by using a written survey. The studied population consisted of 2nd- and 3rd-year students of the LSMU Faculty of Medicine. The results of the study conducted at the LSMU when teaching the Professional Language module showed that integrated practical classes of professional language positively influenced the students’ learning and facilitated students’ empowerment for successful professional language studies. The students positively evaluated the contents of the integrated classes, the methods used, and the teachers’ competence. The students’ opinion about the application of the elements of PBL during integrated professional language classes was also favorable. The students were willing to try something new and to learn languages by drawing schemes and maps, discussing medical issues, analyzing problems, and searching for answers to the arising questions.
The paper investigates the dynamics of speech rhythm in Polish learners of English and, specifically, how rhythm measurements revealing durational characteristics of vocalic and consonantal intervals through the measures (%V, ΔV, ΔC, VarcoV, VarcoC and nPVI) change along the process of second language acquisition as a result of language experience and phonetic training, and influence rhythmic characteristics of L2 English. The data used for the analysis come from 30 Polish first-year students of the University of Łódź recorded reading two texts (English and Polish) during two recording sessions separated by a 7-month period of language studies and compared to the data obtained from the recordings of native speakers of English. The experiment aims at verifying whether the participants achieve progress in the rhythm measure scores under the influence of language experience and phonetic training, as it has already been confirmed that general proficiency of non-native speakers of English is a key factor contributing to the successful production of rhythmic patterns in English (Waniek-Klimczak 2009, Roach 2002). The results have shown no substantial and consistent progress for the whole group and across all the measures. Statistical tests, however, have revealed significant changes in the subjects' performance with respect to the vocalic measures ΔV and VarcoV. This may reflect the effect of the type of phonetic training the students are offered, which is segment-based with particular emphasis on vowels.
The article aims to emphasize the role of foreign language teaching in fostering sustainable development competence in higher education. Foreign language classes enable students to analyze actual topics about sustainable development, to discuss problems, to share personal emotions and experiences. English as a foreign language curriculum aims to build students’ basic language communicative skills with the focus on sustainability, communication for the enhancement of sustainable development competence. The present paper aims to analyze the correlation of sustainable development competence between English as a foreign language studies in the system of higher education. The article overviews the importance of the sustainable development competence development on the theoretical level as well as introduces the practices of the importance of sustainable development competence elements in foreign language classes on the empirical level. The research was planned and performed in 5 universities of Lithuania, in which the respondents studying English (average age of participants was 22 years old) expressed their opinions on the sustainable development topics and usefulness of sustainable development competence. The results of the research demonstrate that students are more engaged in topics and materials on sustainable development and it is challenging for pedagogues to constantly update their materials, to apply innovative English as a foreign language teaching strategies related to sustainable development in foreign language classroom. Therefore, the research findings with the embedded elements for sustainable development competence development encourage educators to search for innovative ways of English as a foreign language teaching in higher education.