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(Ed.), Invasive plants: Ecological and agricultural aspects (pp. 97–114). Birkhauser: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/3-7643-7380-6_6. Mlíkovský, J. & Stýblo P. (Eds.) (2006). Non-native species of fauna and flora of the Czech Republic (in Czech) . Praha: Český svaz ochránců přírody. Nentwig, W. (Ed.) (2007). Biological invasions. Ecological Studies, 193. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-36920-2 Oláhová, J., Vojtek, M. & Boltižiar M. (2012). Use of selected GIS extensions for the analysis of secondary landscape structure of the Handlová town. In H

1:10 000, sheet: M-34-62-B-c-2, Gł. Geodeta Kraju, Warszawa, 1994. Mazurek K. 2014a. Landscape structure changes in the Slepiotka River drainage basin in the period 1824-1993 (The Silesian Upland, Poland). Contemporary Trends in Geosci., 3: 32-40. Mazurek K. 2014b. Rozwój górnictwa węgla kamiennego w Rudzie Śląskiej od XVIII wieku do czasów współczesnych. Z bad. nad wpł. antropopresji na środ., 15: 71-79. Mazurek K. 2014c. Wpływ eksploatacji węgla kamiennego na ukształtowanie powierzchni wybranych fragmentów miasta Ruda Śląska w latach 1975-2011. Acta Geogr

., Bulent, D., Baris, K., et al. (2010). Analyzing landscape changes in the Bafa Lake Nature Park of Turkey using remote sensing and landscape structure metrics. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 165(1-4), 617-632. Doi: 10.1007/s10661-009-0973-y. [4] Fladmark, J., Mulvagh, G. & Evans, M. (1991). Tomorrow's Architectural heritage:Landscape and Buildings in the Countryside . Edinburgh and London:Mainstream Publishing. [5] Forman, R.T., Godron, M (1993). Krajinná ekologie . Praha: Academia [6] Girel, J., Barguet-Duport, B. Pautou, G. (1997). Landscape Structure and

landscape structure. In H. Svobodova (ed.). Proceedings of 19th International Conference Geography and geoinformatics: Challenge for practise and education (pp. 19−24). Brno. Šolcova, L. (2012) Development of the landscape with the dispersed settlements in Novobanska stalova area. Nitra: UKF. Špulerova, J., Dobrovodska, M., Izakovičova, Z., Kenderessy, P., Petrovič, F. & Štefunkova D. (2013): Developing Strategy for protection of traditional agricultural landscapes based on a complex landscape-ecological evaluation (the case study of mountain landscape in Slovakia

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to represent the hierarchical structure of an environment by using two concepts: typology and regionalization. The Płock Region (1,766.95 sq. km) and transect crossing this area (796.2 sq. km) is the research location. It was divided into 710 individual landscape units (319 in the transect border). The existing physical-geographical regionalization, including macro-, meso- and micro-regions, was elaborated using a deductive (top-down) method, which was supplemented by a more detailed regionalization, obtained by an inductive (bottom-up) method called analysis of borders (Richling 1976). The study area was divided into more detailed sub-regions: first-level regions (87 units), second-level regions (36 units) and third-level regions (9 units). In fact, the landscape structure of third-level regions is similar to micro-regions. This is proof of the complementary nature of the two approaches – deductive and inductive regionalization, and the hierarchical landscape structure.

Geography Science, 25:1045–1057. Gemerský, V., 1961: Skúsenosti s ochrannými lesnými pásmi na Žitnom ostrove. Vedecké práce VÚLH v Banskej Štiavnici, No. 2, Bratislava, SAV, p. 153–228. Hernik, J. (ed.), 2009: Cultural landscape-across disciplines. Krakow, Branta, 365 p. Insley, H. (ed.), 1988. Farm Woodland Planning. London, Forestry Commission, Bulletin, 80, 142 p. Jurko, A., 1990: Ekologické a socioekonomické hodnotenie vegetácie. Bratislava, VEDA SAV, 200 p. Kuczman, G., 2014: Landscape structure and biodiversity of woody plants in the cadastral territory of Kolinany

. 2012. Rośliny obcego pochodzenia w Polsce ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem gatunków inwazyjnych. 197 pp. Generalna Dyrekcja Ochrony Środowiska, Warszawa. With K. A. 2002. The landscape ecology of invasive spread. Conserv. Biol. 16(5): 1192-1203. Wołkowycki D. 2004. The influence of some features of the landscape structure on the flora of alien woody species. Ecol. Questions 4: 133-140.

in analyses of landscape structure – a proposal to modify the existing set of landscape metrics. Landscape Online 3, 1–14. DOI: 10.3097/LO.200803. [26] Hüller, S., Heiny, J. & Leonhäuser, I.-U. (2017). Linking agricultural food production and rural tourism in the Kazbegi district – A qualitative study. Annals of Agrarian Sciences 15(1), 40–48. DOI: 10.1016/j.aasci.2017.02.004. [27] Kegel, H. (2003). The Significance of Subsistence Farming in Georgia as an Economic and Social Buffer. In Abele, S. & Frohberg, K. eds., Subsistence Agriculture in Central and

greening as a directed land use on the landscape structure. In Valánszki, I., Jombach, S., Filep-Kovács, K., Fábos, J. Gy., Ryan, R. L., Lindhult, M. S., Kollányi, L. (eds), Greenways and Landscapes in Change – Proceedings of 5th Fábos Conference on Landscape and Green-way Planning. Budapest, 30 June, 2016, 79–87. Mairota, P., Cafarelli, B., Boccaccio, L., Leronni, V., Labadessa, R., Kosmidou, V., Nagendra, H. 2013. Using landscape structure to develop quantitative baselines for protected area monitoring. Ecological indicators 33, 82–95. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012

. Bratislava, 32, 1-12. Müller, D., Leitão P.J. & Sikor T. (2013). Comparing the determinants of cropland abandonment in Albania and Romania using boosted regression trees. Agric. Syst. 117, 66-77. Plieninger, T., Pulido F.J. & Schaich H. (2004). Effects of land-use and landscape structure on holm oak recruitment and regeneration at farm level in Quercus ilex L. dehesas. J. Arid Environ. 57, 345-364. Plieninger, T., Höchtl F. & Spek T. (2006). Traditional land-use and nature conservation in European rural landscapes. Environ. Sci. Policy, 9, 317-321. Primdahl, J