The paper revisits the Isle of the Dead benchmark and the Sydney, Fort Denison tide gauge to confirm that long term, high quality tide gauges are acceleration free, consistently to the analysis of key sites suggesting the sea levels are not sharply raising following the carbon dioxide emissions. The paper also discusses the flaws of the IPCC AR5 Chapter13 Sea levels. The time history of the relative rate of rise computed by linear fitting of the data locally collected by tide gauges is the best parameter to assess the effect of global warming providing length and quality requirements are satisfied. There is no reason to search for less reliable alternative methods because the climate models predicted different trends. The Global Positioning System (GPS) inferred vertical tide gauge velocity suffers of significant inaccuracies. Larger inaccuracies are provided by the satellite altimetry Global Mean Sea Level (GMSL) that is a computation and not a measurement.
Results of the Winter Bat Census in Two Sites of the Central Podolia (Ukraine)
In February 2009 a full bat census in GMN- and IVK-mines (Khmelnytsky Oblast) was done. In total, 4801 individuals of 10 species were counted: 2438 of 7 sp. in GMN-mines and 2364 of 9 sp. in IVK-mines. The carried work is the first experience of a full bat census in considerable by length underground systems (29 and 11 km correspondingly) in Ukraine. Examination of GMN-mines took 77,5 man-hours; IVK-mines, ca. 50 man-hours. The obtained results will be at a base of the further bat monitoring in these two sites.
Lake sediments are excellent archives of environmental and climate change. Especially important are varved sediments which can provide high-resolution (annual) records of those changes. Process studies including limnological measurements, particle flux monitoring and analyses of sediment structures give an opportunity to explain relationships between meteorological conditions, in-lake processes and varve formation. In our study, three lakes were selected in the Masurian Lakeland: Lake Żabińskie, Łazduny and Rzęśniki. These relatively small and deep lakes contain well preserved biogenic varves. The lakes are influenced by the same meteorological conditions but differ in terms of their catchment size, land use, hydrology, lake basin morphology and trophic status. To explore the relationships between different parameters and preservation/transformation of climate signals in the sediments we started systematic limnological measurements in the water column of these lakes, water sampling for hydrochemical analyses, monitoring of modern sedimentation using sediment traps and analysis of topmost varves from short sediment cores. With this comprehensive and high-resolution monitoring program scheduled for at least four years we are going to verify the potential of varves to track short-term meteorological phenomena in lake sediments.
Considered a musical monument to the Austro- Hungarian Empire – The Gypsy Baron (originally Der Zigeunerbaron) of 1885 composed by Johann Strauss II (1825-1899) reveals how important position Maria Theresia had in the Empire in the long nineteenth century. It is also a great example of keeping, in Vienna at the end of the nineteenth century, hold of the memory of her politics. The Gypsy Baron is clearly the work inscribed into political situation as it constituted a specific response to a concrete need to stimulate civil attitudes (so desired within the Empire at that time). Treating the Gypsy Baron as a case study, the paper suggests that although the world of operetta might be overlooked or underestimated when discussing the role of political propaganda and the issues of collective memory. It should be recognized as one of the key sites employed to promote the Habsburgs’ vision of their Empire.
445 km2. In the period between 1974—1982, the northern part
of this land was reclaimed while its southern part remained largely un-
changed. There is a big area in the South there which forms the Land-
scape Park; the Park was founded in 1986 to preserve the uniqueness of
the natural environment in this area.
According to the programme of the experiment, the research was
to be conducted with the help of the representative method. Within
the area under study, four keysites were isolated; they all covered
192 km2, i.e. 43% of the whole area. It was assumed that
instituta Univerziteta u Sarajevu 37: 163-177. Reille, M., Gamisans, J., Andriei-Ponel, A. & Beaulieu, J.-L. 1999: The Holocene at Lac de Creno, Corsica, France: a keysite for the whole island. New Phytologist 141: 291-307. Rexhepi, F. 1991. Vegetacija klekovine bora (bor krivulj) Pinus mugo na visokim predelima Prokletija i Šar Planine. Univerzitet u Nišu, Tehnološki fakultet. Zbornik radova 7: 147-150. Rexhepi, F. 2007: The vegetation of Kosova. University of Prishtina, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Prishtine, 137 pp. Surina, B. 2005: Some novelties in the flora and
Bulgaria. – Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 64(1): 33–41. Michev, T. M., Profirov, A. L., Michev, B. T., Hristov, L. A., Ignatov, A. L., Stoynov, E. H. & Chipev, N. H. 2018. Long-term changes in autumn migration of selected soaring bird species at Burgas Bay, Bulgaria. – Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 70(1): 57–68. Onmuş, O. 2014. Great White Pelicans (Pelecanus onocrotalus) from past to present in Turkey: Their status, distribution, migration, keysites and threats. Great White Pelican migration over Israel: Management of ecological demands and conflicts with inland fisheries
) Klasen N, Fiebig M and Preusser F, 2016. Applying luminescence methodology to keysites of Alpine glaciations in Southern Germany. Quaternary International 420: 249–258, 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.023 . Klasen N Fiebig M Preusser F 2016 Applying luminescence methodology to keysites of Alpine glaciations in Southern Germany Quaternary International 420 249 258 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.11.023 Li B and Li S-H, 2006. Comparison of De estimates using the fast component and the medium component of quartz OSL. Radiation Measurements 41: 125–136, 10.1016/j.radmeas.2005
as a keysite for photosynthesis, is highly sensitive to different stressful environments such as salinity, etc, and plays a premier role in the modulation of stress responses ( 9 ). According to previous reports, the ROS salt stress signaling pathway was determined to have a pivotal regulatory function in salt tolerance, fundamental of which is the control of ion homeostasis ( 22 , 23 ), and the molecular identities of key ion transport systems that are fundamental to plant salt tolerance are now known ( 25 ). Glutathione is one of metabolites with complex roles
-3791(96)00092-3 . Tanaka K Hataya R Spooner NA Questiaux DG Saito Y Hashimoto T 1997 Dating of marine terrace sediments by ESR, TL and OSL methods and their applicabilities Quaternary Science Reviews 16 257 264 10.1016/S0277-3791(96)00092-3 Thiel C, Coltorti M, Tsukamoto S and Frechen M, 2010. Geochronology for some keysites along the coast of Sardinia (Italy). Quaternary International 222: 36–47, 10.1016/j.quaint.2009.12.020 . Thiel C Coltorti M Tsukamoto S Frechen M 2010 Geochronology for some keysites along the coast of Sardinia (Italy) Quaternary International 222 36 47 10