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Integration Trends of EU Internal Security and Law Enforcement: How Legal, Technological and Operational Advancements Matter

Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - A Digital Agenda for Europe, COM (2010) 245 final, 19.5.2010. — (2010b), EU Internal Security Strategy in Action: Five steps towards a more secure Europe. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, COM (2010) 673 final, 22.11.2010. —(2013), Joint Communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, JOIN (2013) 1 final, 7.2.2013. — (2014), Communication from

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Application of Domestic Unmanned Surface Vessels in the Area of Internal Security and Maritime Economy — Capacities and Directions for Development

Abstract

The paper presents the issues associated with the domestic construction of unmanned surface vessels, which are in the limelight of western counties as one of the reinforcing elements of internal security and maritime economy. Also discussed are some experiences from construction of the first such vessel named ‘Edredon’, and on the example of Gdansk Bay and the seaport of Gdynia a number of selected tasks that can be carried out by a vessel in the process of state’s maritime services protection, and in monitoring and protection of the seaports and objects of critical infrastructure. Moreover, the directions for further development (autonomous vessels, in particular) that can be accomplished in a short period of time, based on domestic scientific abilities and shipbuilding industry are indicated.

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The Internal Security Package and Its Potential Impact on the EU–Turkey Relations within the Scope of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms

Abstract

Being one of the core values of the European Union, human rights have been centrally located in the European Union-Turkey relations especially since the country gained the candidate status in 1999. In human rights practices, the actor who comes to the forefront most on behalf of the state against the citizens whose rights must be protected is the police force. Therefore, the security practices enforced by the police form a huge part of human rights practices in the state and thus play a decisive role in Turkey’s relations with the Union. This article presents an evaluation of the so-called ‘internal security package’, which has just passed into law, and its potential impact on European Union-Turkey relations. The package includes specific amendments regarding the police duties and authorities, which unarguably affect human rights practices in the country. As the Union lacks a uniform norm relating to the security practices the package in question contains, the answer to the question will be sought by screening two sources: EU progress reports on Turkey and relevant ECtHR decisions, which provide definite judgements regarding the threats and risks posed by the package under discussion.

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External and Internal Security Dimensions of Early Slavic Stathoods in the Territory of Slovakia

Abstract

The article deals with basic characteriristic of external and internal security of first slavic tribes settled in Middle Europe. It describes struggle against external enemies which were Avarian nomadic tribes in the 7th century. It also describes defense against East Francia in the 9th century, importance of fortificated settlements. It characterizes warrior groups as main element of defence. Third part focuses on basic elements of Gret Moravian´s internal security such as law codex named “Law codex for people”

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Political Parties of Lithuania: Canonization of the Fight for Power, Deconstruction of Responsibility and the Actualization of Internal Security

Abstract

This article analyzes aspects of the activity of political parties as well as the lack of internal security harmony in Lithuania. The activity of Lithuanian parties is researched pursuant to the standpoint that the desire of the parties for power is greater than their readiness to organize effective political governing. With the fight for power having become an aim in itself, the parties do not pay the required attention to the prediction of the results of their political governing, promise extensive and rapid changes and begin unprepared reforms. Inadequate ambitions of political power are typical of irresponsible parties. Society fails to understand the responsibility standards of the parties, whereas broken promises of the parties are associated with lies. The article emphasizes that internal security is impossible without effective political governing. Unexpected results of the policy(s) conducted by the parties in power threaten internal security and their consequences build up social tensions. Simultaneously, the discontent of society with the present democracy grows. The de-legitimation of the political regime, dominated by the parties and party elites, does not grant internal credibility to the democratization of Lithuania. Lithuania remains a weak and internally insecure democracy

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Security Aspects of Migrations

Abstract

Migrations as an inevitable fact of socioeconomic trends pose a security challenge for migrant countries, transition countries, and the countries where migrants come as to the ultimate destination. They are realized in a large area with a large number of participants and global consequences. This paper, through the basic determinants of migrations, statistical indicators on migrations, security challenges, risks and threats, migration policy and international security, provides answers to the questions about the numerical movement of migrants from the seventies of the last century to today on a global scale. Responses are also given about the reasons for triggering migrations, the most desirable migrant destinations, and the impact of migrations on security in departure, transit and destination countries. Particular attention is given to the last migration crisis that has largely affected the European Union.

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The Politics of Security Deployment of Security Operatives to Jos Metropolis, Plateau State, Nigeria 2001-2014

Abstract

The paper examines the politics of security deployment by the Federal Government of Nigeria to Jos, metropolis. A cross-sectional study was conducted and Public Opinion Theory adopted. Methodologically, mixed methods of data collection were conducted that involved the administration of 377 questionnaires to adult respondents, six In-Depth Interviews with religious and community leaders while three Key Informant Interviews with security personnel working with Special Task Force. The survey reveals that, the deployment of Mobile Police from 2001-2010 and the formation of Special Task Force in 2010 has generated mixed reactions and divergent perceptions among the residents of Jos metropolis. Majority of the ethnic groups that are predominantly Christians were more contented with the deployment of the Mobile Police whereas ethnic groups that are dominantly Muslims questioned the neutrality, capability, performance and strength of the Nigerian Police Force in managing the crises. The study recommends that, security personnel should display high degree of neutrality in order to earn the confidence of the residents and change their perceptions.

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European Security And The Terrorist Threat: Evolutions And Current Ways Of Managing It

References [1] Constantin Hlihor, The Post Cold War Era: Romania and the Stability in the Balkans , the vol. “Building Stability in Weak States: The Western Balkans”, ISBN: 3-901328-67-X, 2002 [2] EC, Good to know about enlargement , ISBN 978-92-79-11753-4, p. 2, 2009 [3] Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union, art. 12, p. 17 [4] Council of the EU, Report on the Implementation of the European Security Strategy: Providing Security in a Changing World , pp. 1-5, 2008 [5] Council of the EU, Internal security strategy

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Recusant Witnesses and the McCarthyite Congressional Investigations

Court to join in an opinion that denounced the goals of the that committee or its counterpart, the Senate Subcommittee on Internal Security (“SSIS”), rather than just the procedures followed in pursing those goals— Watkins v. United States . Watkins v. United States, 354 U.S. 178 (1957). Throughout his entire sixteen-year tenure as Chief Justice, Warren either dissented from opinions upholding Congress’s power to punish people for refusing to testify before (or turn over documents to) HUAC or SSIS, Braden v. United States, 365 U.S. 431 (1961); Wilkinson v. United

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