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References: 1. Ajdukiewicz, K., “Sprache und Sinn,” Erkenntnis 4, 1934, pp.100–138. 2. Ajdukiewicz, K., Język i poznanie , vol. I–II, Warszawa: PWN, 1985. 3. Anscombe, G.E.M., “The intentionality of sensation: a grammatical feature,” in The Collected Philosophical Papers of G. E. Anscombe, vol. II: Methaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind , Oxford: Blackwell, 1981, pp. 2 – 20. 4. Block, N., “Mental Paint and Mental Latex,” in E. Villenueva, (ed.) Philosophical Issues 7 , Northridge: Ridgeview Publishing Company, 1996. 5. Brentano, F., Psychology from an

REFERENCES Ajdukiewicz K. (1967). Intensional Expressions. Studia Logica , 20, 63–86. Brogaard B. (2007). Span Operators. Analysis, 67(1), 72–79. Brown S. C. (1964–65). Intentionality without Grammar. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, New Series , 65, 123–146. Carnap R. (1947). Meaning and Necessity . University of Chicago Press. Chalmers D. (2011). Propositions and Attitude Ascriptions: A Fregean Account. Nous 45(4), 595–639. Chisholm R. C. (1955–56). Sentences about Believing. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society New Series , 56, 125

Bibliography Berto, Francesco. 2013. Modal meinongianism and actuality. Humana.Mente Journal of Philosophical Studies 25: 155-176. Brentano, Franz. 2015. Psychology from the Empirical Standpoint . London: Routledge. Caston, Victor. 2001. Connecting traditions: Augustine and the Greeks on intentionality. In Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality , ed. by Dominik Perler. Leiden: Brill. Caston, Victor. 2007. Intentionality in Ancient philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (first published in 2003; last substantive revision in 2007). URL

. Moses, & D. Baldwin (Eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition (pp. 85–104). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Banerjee, R., Watling, D., & Caputi, M. (2011). Peer relations and the understanding of faux pas: Longitudinal evidence for bidirectional associations. Child Development , 82 (6), 1887–1905. Baron-Cohen, S., O’Riordan, M., Stone, V., Jones, R., & Plaisted, K. (1999). Recognition of faux pas by normally developing children with asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , 29 (5), 407


The concept of a dialogue is considered in general terms from the standpoint of its referential presuppositions. The semantics of dialogue implies that dialogue participants must generally have a collective intentionality of agreed-upon references that is minimally sufficient for them to be able to disagree about other things, and ideally for outstanding disagreements to become clearer at successive stages of the dialogue. These points are detailed and illustrated in a fictional dialogue, in which precisely these kinds of referential confusions impede progress in shared understanding. It is only through a continuous exchange of question and answer in this dialogue case study that the meanings of key terms and anaphorical references are disambiguated, and a relevantly complete collective intentionality of shared meaning between dialogue participants is achieved. The importance of a minimally shared referential semantics for the terms entering into reasoning and argument in dialogue contexts broadly construed cannot be over-estimated. Where to draw the line between referential agreement and disagreement within any chosen dialogue, as participants work toward better mutual understanding in clearing up referential incongruities, is sometimes among the dialogue’s main points of dispute.

-Verlag, forthcoming. Oddie, G. 2005. Value, Desire and Reality . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Rabinowicz, W. & Rønnow-Rasmussen, T. 2004. The Strike of the Demon: On Fitting Pro-Attitudes and Value. Ethics 114: 391-423. Ramsey, F. 1931. Facts and Propositions. In The Foundations of Mathematics . London: Kegan Paul. Reiner, H. 1934. Das Phänomen des Glaubens. Halle: Niemeyer. Rumfitt, I. 2000. Yes and No. Mind 109: 781-823. Scanlon, T. M. 1998. What we Owe to Each Other. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Searle, J. 1983. Intentionality. An Essay in the Philosophy

to the prolonged opening of neuronal voltage-gated sodium channels and thus reduced synaptic Ach release [ 19 ]. Conclusions An interesting yet rare case of intentional aconite overdose in the United Kingdom, in a patient with a diverse disease presentation, specifically cardiac dysrhythmias and neurological compromise. Early identification with rapid treatment intervention underpins disease management. References 1 Chan TYK, Critchley julian AJH. Usage and adverse effects of Chinese herbal medicines. Hum Exp Toxicol. 1996;15(1):1–4. Chan TYK Critchley julian AJH


The concept of Intentional Action is at the core of Praxeology, as developed by the Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises. Under this unique approach, defined as the science of human action and designed to study the field of the social sciences, Mises create “action axiom”: the contention that every acting man more satisfactory state of affairs for a Austrian scholar is able to derive the fundament human action; such as value, scale of value, scarcity, abundance, profit, loss, uncertainty and causality, among others. This paper intends to present the praxeological perspective on intentional action and its epistemologic implications; it also attempts to answer objections to this thesis.

Intentionality . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Martínez, Manolo. 2013. Teleosemantics and productivity. Philosophical Psychology 26(1): 47-68. Mendelovici, Angela. 2010. Mental Representation and Closely Conflated Topics . PhD thesis, Princeton University. Mendelovici, Angela. 2013a. Intentionalism about moods. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2(1): 126-136. Mendelovici, Angela. 2013b. Reliable misrepresentation and tracking theories of mental representation. Philosophical Studies 165(2): 421-443. Mendelovici, Angela. 2014. Pure intentionalism about moods and

:// (accessed on 29.11.2017) Vogler, B. R., Hoop, R., Sinniger, M. & Albini, S. 2015. Intentional methomyl-poisoning of Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus) in Switzerland. – European Journal of Wildlife Research 61: 611–615. DOI: 10.1007/s10344-015-0914-8