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Incidence of pathogens infections in a Romanian Intensive Care Unit and sensitivity to antibiotics. A prospective single center study

aureus (MRSA) with ciprofloxacin. Am J Infect Control. 1989;17:117. 45. Chang Y-Y, Chuang Y-C, Siu LK, et al. Clinical features of patients with carbapenem nonsusceptible Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli in intensive care units: a nationwide multicenter study in Taiwan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2015;48:219-225. 46. Jana M, Misra AK. Synthesis of trisaccharide and a tetrasaccharide repeating unit corresponding to the O-antigen of Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli O177. Tetrahedron. 2015;71:3960-3965. 47

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Prognostic Value of Serum Lactate Levels in Critically Ill Patients in an Intensive Care Unit

is to determine the prognostic value of serum lactate in patients admitted to the ICU. Materials and methods Design A cohort, observational, prospective study was carried out in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the General Hospital, Havana, Cuba between October 1, 2016, and October 1, 2017. The study was approved by the hospital’s Scientific Council and the Ethics Committee. Prior to data collection, written informed consent was obtained from patients and family members. Patients All patients older than 18 years who presented with manifestations of

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The effects of mechanical ventilation on the quality of sleep of hospitalised patients in the Intensive Care Unit

-discharge insomnia symptoms are associated with quality of life impairment among survivors of acute lung injury. Sleep Med 2012; 13: 1106-1109. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2012.05.010 13. Parthasarathy S, Tobin MJ. Sleep in the intensive care unit. Intensive Care Med 2004; 30: 197-206. doi: 10.1007/s00134-003-2030-6 14. Boyko Y, Ørding H, Jennum P. Sleep disturbances in critically ill patients in ICU: how much do we know? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2012; 56: 950-958. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-6576.2012.02672.x 15. Cooper AB, Thornley KS, Young GB

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Early mobilization for mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: a systematic review and meta-analysis

1 Introduction Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-support therapy that improves anoxia, carbon dioxide retention, and acid–base equilibrium. Due to the focus on stabilization of life-threatening pathophysiologic changes, little attention has been paid to neuromuscular and long-term cognitive function in such critically ill patients. 1 Mechanically ventilated patients develop intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) as a result of their immobility and sedative administration. 2 , 3 As the main clinical sign of critical illness neuromyopathy, ICUAW is

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Brief communication (Original). Trends in neonatal sepsis in a neonatal intensive care unit in Thailand before and after construction of a new facility

, Hsu CH, Hung HY, et al. Neonatal sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit: characteristics of early versus late onset. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2004; 37:301-6. 19. Wu JH, Chen CY, Tsao PN, Hsieh WS, Chou HC. Neonatal sepsis: a 6-year analysis in a neonatal care unit in Taiwan. Pediatr Neonatol. 2009; 50:88-95. 20. Gill CJ, Mantaring JB, Macleod WB, Mendoza M, Mendoza S, Huskins WC, et al. Impact of enhanced infection control at 2 neonatal intensive care units in the Philippines. Clin Infect Dis. 2009; 48:13-21. 21

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Use of Transcranial Doppler in Intensive Care Unit

Abstract

Use of transcranial Doppler has undergone much development since its introduction in 1982, making the technique suitable for general use in intensive care units. The main application in intensive care units is to assess intracranial pressure, confirm the lack of cerebral circulation in brain death, detect vasospasm in subarachnoid haemorrhage, and monitor the blood flow parameters during thrombolysis and carotid endarterectomy, as well as measuring stenosis of the main intracranial arteries in sickle cell disease in children. This review summarises the use of transcranial Doppler in intensive care units.

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The Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors in Intensive Care Units

-2036.2004.01957.x 25. Faleck DM, Salmasian H, Furuya EY, Larson EL, Abrams JA, Freedberg DE. Proton pump inhibitors do not affect risk for Clostridium difficile infection in the intensive care unit. The American journal of gastroenterology. 2016;111(11):1641-1648. doi:10.1038/ajg.2016.343. 10.1038/ajg.2016.343 26. Barletta JF, Sclar DA. Proton pump inhibitors increase the risk for hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infection in critically ill patients. Critical Care. 2014;18(6):714. doi:10.1186/s13054-014-0714-7. 10.1186/s13054-014-0714-7 27. Freedberg DE

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Serum and alveolar procalcitonin had a weak diagnostic value for ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients with pulmonary infection score ≥ 6

REFERENCES 1. LIU D., LIAN H., WANG J., LI X., ZHAO Q., YOU Q. Efficacy of early bundle therapy on moderate to severe aspiration pneumonia after cervical esophagogastrostomy for esophageal cancer. Minerva Medica 2015; 106 (2):79-86. 2. MATHI AS., PHILLIPS A., ISAAC R. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: A persistent healthcare problem in Indian Intensive Care Units! Lung India 2016; 33 (5):512-6. 3. CLAVEL M., BARRAUD O., MOUCADEL V., MEYNER F., KARAM E., PLOY M.C. et al. Molecular quantification of bacteria from respiratory samples in

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Can APACHE II, SOFA, ISS, and RTS Severity Scores be Used to Predict Septic Complications in Multiple Trauma Patients?

References 1. Balci C, Sungurtekin H, Gürses E, Sungurtekin U, Kaptanoglu B. Usefulness of procalcitonin for diagnosis of sepsis in the intensive care unit. Crit Care. 2003;7:85-90. 2. Adams CA. Sepsis Biomarkers in Polytrauma Patients. Crit Care Clin. 2011;27:345-54. 3. Kibe S, Adams K, Barlow G. Diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of sepsis in critical care. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011;66:33-40. 4. Castelli GP, Pognani C, Meisner M, Stuani A, Bellomi D, Sgarbi L. Procalcitonin and C

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Multicultural Care in European Intensive Care Units (MICE-ICU) – international project for ICU nurses

PIŚMIENNICTWO/REFERENCES 1. Benbenishty J, Biswas S. Cultural Competence in Critical Care: Case Studies in the ICU. Journal of Modern Education Review 2015; 5(7): 723–728. 2. Ozga D, Zdun A. Multicultural Care in European Intensive Care Units (MICE-ICU) - an international project for nurses working at ICUs. Anaesthesiological and Intensive Care Nursing [Pielęgniartstwo Anestezjologiczne i Intensywnej Opiek] 2017; 3(1): B1-B2 (in Polish). 3. Curwick K, Dutt T. et al. Cultural competence in acute and critical care medicine literature review and

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