Real estate management activities evolved with the development of the real estate industry, the needs of property investors and general changes in the market environment. Today, these activities require a comprehensive approach on the one hand, but on the other, are more and more specialized. The paper presents an integrated view of real estate management on the example of a multidimensional basic concept of real estate management developed under German market conditions. Detailed analysis of this concept was preceded by a review of approaches to real estate management made on the basis of literature and own research. It was on this basis that opportunities and application fields of the integrated model of real estate management in Polish market conditions were characterized. The presented concept can be used both as a raster to harmonize real estate management activities and tasks in business practice, as well as a classification scheme for the evaluation of scientific research. This concept is an important step on the way to structuring and organizing real estate management as a professional service according to the indications of management science.
References 1. Howard BJ, Larsson CM. The ERICA IntegratedApproach and its contribution to protection of the environment from ionising radiation. J Environ Radioact 2008;99:1361-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2008.04.013 2. Delistraty D. Radioprotection of nonhuman biota. J Environ Radioact 2008;99:1863-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2008.09.001 3. Larsson C. An overview of the ERICA IntegratedApproach to the assessment and management of environmental risks from ionising contaminants. J Environ Radioact 2008;99:1364-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2007.11.019 4. Brown JE
of these methods, will lead to more comprehensive but complex datasets which require more differentiated analysis. This is explained in the next chapter. Methodology for an integratedapproach to assessing walkability In order to make progress towards a more holistic understanding of walkability, we propose the following integratedapproach to assessing walkability with sensor-based technologies, and thus capture the perceptions and emotions of pedestrians. Figure 1 represents the key elements in our framework, consisting of the collection and analysis of sensor
An integrated approach was applied in this article to provide a medium-scale map of land use intensity for Hungary. The main goal was to estimate its value by a small set of parameters, which are freely available and have a high resolution. The basis of the evaluation was the CORINE 2012 dataset, and a matrix method was applied to integrate the ratio of natural/semi-natural vegetation, woody vegetation and the Natural Capacity Index in the assessment to describe the complex approach of land use intensity. The medium level land use intensity map provides information for decision makers/landscape planners on the current status and spatial pattern of anthropogenic impact and indicates those hot-spots where land use intensity is high and should be focused research and management to intervene in order to encourage sustainable land use. 46% of the arable lands in Hungary show the most intensive land use. Comparing the map with the previously published hemeroby map of Hungary, more intensive impact on landscape transformation through human action was found. In agricultural areas both researches agree that the intensity and human activity is really high, and the lowest intensity class is rare in Hungary except for mountain regions and protected areas.
An Integrated Approach to Product Delivery Planning and Scheduling
Product delivery planning and scheduling is a task of high priority in transport logistics. In distribution centres this task is related to deliveries of various types of goods in predefined time windows. In real-life applications the problem has different stochastic performance criteria and conditions. Optimisation of schedules itself is time consuming and requires an expert knowledge. In this paper an integrated approach to product delivery planning and scheduling is proposed. It is based on a cluster analysis of demand data of stores to identify typical dynamic demand patterns and product delivery tactical plans, and simulation optimisation to find optimal parameters of transportation or vehicle schedules. Here, a cluster analysis of the demand data by using the K-means clustering algorithm and silhouette plots mean values is performed, and an NBTree-based classification model is built. In order to find an optimal grouping of stores into regions based on their geographical locations and the total demand uniformly distributed over regions, a multiobjective optimisation problem is formulated and solved with the NSGA II algorithm.
The Timiș River is the biggest tributary of the Banat catchment area. It springs at an elevation of 1145 m, under Piatra Goznei peak. Due to the fact that it crosses several relief forms, its hydrology, chemistry and biological characteristics are modified in consequence.
The chemical and biological analysis of the water course and their correlation with hydrological data displayed evidence of the interdependence of these factors. The phytoplankton composition and richness are directly influenced by river’s chemistry and hydrology. In the mountain area, the flow and the speed of the watercourse are inducing a specific flora and fauna for the area. In the lower areas, the river hydrology triggers a change in the biological characteristics as the water chemistry changes. The mountain species are adapted to rocky substrata in order to resist high water velocity and pressure. In the lower areas they are replaced by lowland species adapted to larger yet slower flows.
The Timiș River is a watercourse that did not undergo major qualitative changes in terms of water quality.
Contemporary organizations function in a stormy and competitive environment, that’s why they have to look for efficient methods for own development. One of such methods is the systemic creation of facilitating and radical innovations, as well as implementing them in particular functional areas. Efficient creation of innovations treated as an important factor for the development of organizations, is determined by access to appropriate resources of knowledge. In the publication the author proposes a new concept of managing organizations which are focused on development. The essence of this concept is covering innovation management and knowledge management with one management system. This concept is enriched with some model solutions.
In this publication an attempt was made to achieve two goals: 1) cognitive goal, which involves highlighting: the essence of development of an organization; the essence of innovations and their role in the development of an organization; the essence of knowledge and its role in the creation of innovations; as well as mutual relations between knowledge, innovations and the development of an organization, 2) utilitarian goal, which involves proposing a few model solutions in the area of innovation management, knowledge management and an integrated approach to managing knowledge, innovations in the context of development of an organization. Managers by following these models can contribute to the rationalization of the information/decision-making processes focused on the development of an organization based on knowledge and innovations.
The goal of this publication is showing that between the elements of the proposed concept of management there are mutual cause and effect relations. Two research methods were used to prepare this article: cognitive-critical analysis of literature and the projective method.
–158. Reynard, E., Perret, A., Bussard, J., Grangier, L., & Martin, S. (2016). Integratedapproach for the Inventory and Management of geomorphological Heritage at the Regional Scale. Geoheritage , 8, 43–60. Reynard, E., Pica, A., & Coratza, P. (2017). Urban geomorphological heritage. An overview. Quaestiones Geographicae , 36(3), 7–20. DOI: 10.1515/quageo-2017-0022. Reynolds, J. (2001). Notes to accompany RIGS recording, assessment and designation and notification sheets. In Notes on the UKRIGS Conference 2001 . Penirth: UKRIGS Conference. Retrieved November 17, 2017
The ongoing academic debate about Integrated Reporting (IR) outlines that a particular interest shall be accorded to the financial sector organizations. Furthermore, previous researches in the field of an IR demonstrates the need of further research in the developing the actual knowledge of the advancement and implementation of IR and how are companies applying the guiding principles given by the framework. Therefore, this research aims to analyze to what extent European Union financial sector organization are following the IIRF guidance. Using a sample of 140 annual reports, a manual content analysis has been employed to identify the compliance evolution of financial sector organizations towards the IIRF contents elements, for the period 2013-2017. Results reveals the attention given by financial organisations, toward the “Organisational Overview”, “Risks & Opportunities” and “Business Model” content elements of IR. While the categories that remain unforeseen are “Performance & Outcomes”, “Other Elements” but the problematical category is “Future Outlook” with the lowest disclosure degree.
The river plankton - potamoplankton - consists predominantly of autochthonous as well as allochthonous elements and it is poorly represented in rivers due to the water flow. The allochthonous elements that reach streams from stagnant waters suffer changes or, if they cannot adapt to the environment, quickly die. Usually, in a current stronger than 1 m/s they do not survive. Potamoplankton variety increases from spring to effusion, plankton being almost completely absent in the region of the spring.
In medium and small basins, places with stagnant water are formed and plankton growth is supported, but in areas where there are no crossings and water speed is too high, plankton is destroyed due to mechanical action.
In rivers, phytoplankton mainly consists of diatoms, chlorophytes, euglenophytes and cyanobacteria, etc.
The aquatic environment is wide, having various physico-chemical characteristics which determine different ecological conditions, so that the distribution of aquatic animals and plants differs.
Aquatic ecosystems are structural and functional units consisting of biotopes and biocenosis that support self-integrated activities, the result being biological production and destruction.
Timiş River was monitored in 2012 in the months of May and September in the Lugoj, Hitiaș, Şag and Grăniceri sections. Also pH was monitored for oxygen and the nutrient flow of these sectors and interpretations and correlations of the phytoplankton quality indicators were made.