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ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to describe the patterns of trauma patients using a newly-introduced trauma registry, as well as retrospectively assess the management and outcome facts of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 2346 patients (62.15% male) with a mean age of 34.06 ± 23.77 years. Of these patients, 355 were multiple trauma patients. Privately owned vehicles were used as a mode of transportation for most of the trauma patients (96.65%). Data regarding patient demographics, arrival at the Emergency Department, mechanism of injury, injury severity, anatomical location and type of injury were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Falls were the most prevalent mechanism of injury, accounting for 62.19% of the total admitted cases, with other causes (that also included occupational accidents and machinery trauma) being the second most prevalent, and MVAs - the third with a rate of 11.46%. The most commonly injured body regions were the extremities (50.26%), the head (42.50%), and the torso (19.39%). Fractures represented 11.46% of the injuries, while open wounds were much more frequent (29.41%). The mean abbreviated injury severity (AIS) score was 1.78 ± 1.48 for all admitted patients and 3.56 ± 1.02 for multiple trauma patients. A multi-disciplinary approach was required for 23% of the multiple trauma patients. The clinic admission rate for the whole patient sample was 13.55% and 48.96% for multiple trauma patients. The mean duration of stay for all clinic admissions was 2.7 days and 2.9 days for multiple trauma patients. CONCLUSIONS: With the epidemiology of trauma in Greece being rather poorly investigated, the present study manages to identify the major epidemiological patterns of trauma cases presenting to a tertiary regional hospital and addresses the need for development and implementation of injury prevention activities and policies