Jelena Đorđević Boljanović, Jelena Vukašinović and Mladen Veinović
This paper analyses the importance of information and communication technologies in knowledge management and the impact on the increase of competitive advantage of organizations of their independent neighbouring countries. Comparative analysis has been conducted for the Republic of Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. The data of the World Economic Forum concerning the use of information technologies served as the baseline for this study. Moreover, the data from job advertisements announced by employers in these three countries during the period March-May 2013 have been experimentally analyzed. The results show that the application of information technologies is almost the same in all three countries, amounting to approximately 65%.
Aleksandra Stanković, Branislav Petrović and Zoran Milosević
Distance learning can be defined as education or training offered to participants at a different place, physically distant from the lecturer or sources of information. The difference in attitudes and knowledge of students about distance learning in relation to gender and year of studying was examined. The study sample included 371 students of the Faculty of Medicine in Niš (165 students were at the first year of studies and 206 students were at the sixth year of studies). Originally structured epidemiological questionnaire was distributed to students. Gender and age had no significant influence on students’ knowledge of distance learning. There was no statistically significant difference in taking positive attitudes about distance learning among medical students of the first and sixth year. Gender has statistically significantly affected the attitudes. E-learning does not eliminate the existing methods of learning, but it supplements them and greatly helps in teaching plans and programs.
Globalization, development and implementation of new technologies, new consumer trends, concern for the natural environment and other factors, have emphasized the diversity and complexity of the tourism industry. For these reasons, the tourism industry in recent years has focused its activities towards the information and technological infrastructure and global electronic connection in order to overcome border barriers and establish relationships with providers and tourists as well as with travel agencies and tour-operators. The development of information technology and evolution of airline reservation systems of individual airlines have led to the development of the Global Distribution Systems (GDS), recognized as a worldwide computerized reservation network that electronically connects the tourist offer with the tourist demand. As a result of the recognized challenge tourism has been facing in recent years, the main goal of this review would be to emphasize the role and importance of the leading GDS Amadeus in order to highlight its potential for the tourism development at the global level. The research and methodology of this review are based on the analysis of data collected from primary and secondary sources, through which we shall, by using deductive approach to theoretical assumptions and analytical approach to quantitative indicators, reach significant individual findings. At the end of the review through summary conclusions, we shall attempt to give a scientific justification of the research, and draw attention to the importance of continuous monitoring and adjustment to changes in the tourism market, in order to highlight the main potential of information technology applications for tourism development.
The paper gives a concise review of the implementation of the web-based systems in teleradiology, radiological information system, hospital information system and in other modern medical information systems. The paper presents PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) and DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) that have been domesticated in the vocabulary of radiological terminology and beyond. It points to the basic characteristics and objectives of PACS systems and DICOM standards, accentuating the needs for appliance of methods for digital signal processing and machine intelligence. It is concluded that assotiated medicine and information technologies lead to the progress of the mankind.
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