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, Traian Basescu se teme de invazia omuleţilor verzi ai ruşilor în presa românească, 14.09.2014, “I fear most the little green men before the little green men with rifles. Basescu's statement refers to a possible appearance in Romania of ‘elements’ in the media to spread Kremlin propaganda in our country. In his statement to the Summit talked about hybrid war. It is a war of ‘little green men’ and you’re watching the film in Ukraine you will see that the first media war began, followed destabilization inside and then it came to armed little green men”, http

References Bachmann, S. and Paphiti, A., 2016. Russia’s hybrid war and its implications for defence and security in the United Kingdom. South African Journal of Military Studies, 44(2): 28-67. Banasik, M., 2016. Russia’s hybrid war in theory and practice. Journal on Baltic Security, 2(1): 157-182. Busol, О., 2015. Protydiia koruptsiinii zlochynnosti v Ukraini v konteksti suchasnoi antykoruptsiinoi stratehii: avtoreferat dysertatsii (doktor yurydychnykh nauk). Instytut derzhavy i prava imeni V.M. Koretskoho NAN Ukrainy. Centre of Strategic Assessment and

.htm . 16. Horbulin, Volodymyr. “‘Hibrydna viina’ yak kliuchovyi instrument rosiiskoi heostratehii revanshu” (‘Hybrid War’ As the Key Instrument of Russian Revenge Geostrategy). Stratehichni priorytety 4 (2014): 5–12. 17. “Jacqueline Lechtholtz-Zey, The Laws Banning Holocaust Denial – revised from GPN Issue 3.” (2012) // . 18. Jones, Sam. “Russia’s Cyberwarriors Use Twitter to Hide

’s “Hybrid War”, No. 7 l. (accessed on 02.06.2015). Mattsson, Peter A. 2013. Eklund,Niklas, Russian Operational Art In The Fifth Period: Nordic And Arctic Applications Vol.1, No. 1. (accessed on 03.07.2015). Merle Maigre. 2015. Nothing New in HybridWarfare: The EstonianExperience and Recommendations for NATO, German Marshall Fund of the United States, February 2015. http


The society is in a turmoil neither because globalization, high technology or immigration crises, but rather from the race of regional (China and Russia) or world power (US) to develop a new strategies to influence the countries. Europe is not bypassed by these phenomena because Russia as a regional actor is trying to create new sphere of influence at its periphery (especially in Baltic States, Poland and Romania). Romania, as NATO and European Union member, is one of the Russia’s targets not only because geographically it is in the Russia’s proximity, but because it is an area of American’s interests. Russia is developing a real hybrid war, using all the line of effort: political, economical, but specially the social one. The social field is covered by propaganda, promoted by mass-media, as a tool of political power. To counter-attack Russia’s hybrid war, NATO decided, at the Warsaw Summit to develop some operational lines, one is being strategic communication and the second is related with social resilience. The political, administrative and educational institutions are asked to apply this strategy, to find the way to educate people (almost via mass-media) in what is resilience and more important how it works when it is realized

References [1] Alvin Toffler, Power in Motion, Publishing Header, Bucharest, 1995, p.25. [2] J.N. Nielsen, "Hybrid Warfare", October 07, 2014; (accessed on April 23, 2015); [3] James N. Mattis & Frank Hoffman, Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars, U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings Magazine, November 2005, p. 2. [4] Colonel John J. Mc Cuen, USA, Retired, Hybrid Wars, Military Review, March-April 2008, the United States Army Combined Arms Center, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, pp. 107-108. [5] Nielsen J


The concepts of ‘gray zone conflict’, as one of the new phenomena in the theory of international relations, are given considerable attention in modern strategic researches of analysts, in particular American ones (Hel Brands, Adam Elkus, etc.). The definition of ‘gray zone conflict’ by American political scientists coincides with the definitions of domestic scholars in outlining the hybrid war in general, and Russian Federation’s war against Ukraine in particular. At the same time, qualifying the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the war in Eastern Ukraine as the sole concept of ‘gray zone’ shall be considered not to be entirely correct, since the scales tend to favor the definition of civil war, which is so advantageous to Vladimir Putin. On the other hand, the war in Eastern Ukraine has many shades of gray, which gives grounds to the use of the concept of ‘gray zone conflict’ on specific examples of the existence of real and imaginary gray zones (realities of existence and zones of silence) and to investigate their quantitative and qualitative characteristics, to determine the degree of the viral use of the gray zone of conflict by the state (as an object of aggression), which complicates its establishment. The possibilities/unacceptability of solving gray zone conflicts by “gray” methods are being outlined as well.


The international security environment is constantly changing. Ensuring the success of the fight against the new threats can be achieved by understanding the operational environment that is becoming increasingly more complex in the context of the profound changes in the political, social and economic environment of the past decade and of the advanced technologies that create new challenges for all forces with responsibilities in the field of national defense and security, regional and global. The trends in the current operational environment, based on the analysis of the conflicts of the last decades, lead to a new approach to the development of military capabilities, the process of planning, organizing and conducting military actions, the ways of achieving victory in the new conditions imposed by the realities of the battlefield.


Hybrid Warfare is an unofficial intellectual construct to describe the combination or integration of conventional and non-conventional approaches used by adversaries to avoid conventional military strengths, often times occurring below the threshold that would trigger a conventional military.

The word “hybrid” is used more for its descriptive value to aid concept writers and military planners in understanding the intersection, interaction, and amplification of trends and conditions that impact the scale and scope of military actions.

The paper explains the role of space as an essential characteristic of hybrid warfare.