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Еpidemiological Data on Lead Tissue Concentration in Game Birds Induced by Lead Pellets

Abstract

The paper presents the level of lead in the liver, gizzard, breast muscles and humerus of game birds, shot during the hunting season of 2016 - 2017 in Bulgaria. In quail gizzards (n=10) radiographic examination showed ingested pellets. In turtle doves (n=10), lead levels in the liver had higher values of 2,501 ± 1,404 mg/kg, compared to the maximum levels of <2 mg/kg. The content of lead in the humerus of partridges (n=10) showed a very high concentrations of 54,241 ± 36,731 mg/kg compared to the base level of 10<20 mg/kg. The high levels of lead in the tissues of the game birds, induced by lead shot exposure, are a significant risk to predators and scavengers.

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Changes in Anthropometric Traits and Body Composition Over a Four‐Year Period in Elite Female Judoka Athletes

. According to the study, cadets had a smaller flexed arm circumference and humerus bone epicodyle breadth compared to juniors and seniors, as well as lower values of absolute muscle mass than seniors. The authors also confirmed the differences between endo- and mesomorphic components in the age groups. They concluded that in judo anthropometric profiles may change, reflecting adaptations in judokas even at an early age. Nevertheless, little is still known about the differences between the age groups and weight and dimorphic categories of athletes training judo ( Franchini

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