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Groeger L., Szczerek A
António Duarte Santos, Nelson Tavares da Silva and Guilherme Castela
The latest global economic and financial crisis has had adverse social consequences in many areas, including income and the social situation of households and their living conditions, especially when the housing phenomenon is addressed. The reality of this uncertainty has made the study of the housing phenomenon even more relevant, in particular from the perspective of an analysis of its evolution. In this context, we revisit EUROSTAT’s databases. This analysis was done for twelve Euro Area countries over five years, using the HJ-BIPLOT method developed by Galindo (1986). This multidimensional approach identified and represented twelve Eurozone sample countries in latent constructs of reduced dimensionality related to the housing policy problem. The simultaneous factorial representation identified (a) the most relevant variables to characterize these countries, (b) their trajectories during the period in analysis, and (c) the relations between variables, between countries, and between variables and countries. This approach also identified the most significant factors contributing to the countries' performance. This methodological approach can be useful in housing research, when studying data of a multivariate nature, and is also, by its visual interpretation, a potential tool for producing richer information not only for academia but also for policy makers.
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Hein, E. (2011). A Modern Guide to Keynesian Macroeconomics and Economic
Research background: This paper attempts to introduce the concept of Polish housing policy and define its course.
Purpose: The main aim of the paper is to attribute the theoretical model of Polish housing policy and its goals and summarize the practical instruments and programs implemented between 2002 and 2016 to try to answer the question in what way the state was helping households to fulfil housing needs.
Research methodology: The research method used in the paper was a query of Polish and foreign literature of housing policy models, goals and instruments in the theoretical part, in the practical part (main research) is the monograph analysis of Polish housing policy between 2002 and 2016 including: housing resource, housing supply and change of their structure in the examined timeline, availability of apartments, supply of mortgages and connections with the availability of apartments and macroeconomic situation measured by the yearly GDP per capita.
Results: Theoretical and practical solutions were made. Polish housing policy can be defined as a wide ranging selective model according to Ghekiere (2009) division, the empirical analysis of the adopted solutions risks – marginalization of social housing and substantial impact of the financial sector (banking and mortgages) on housing which may be negative in the case of an economic crisis.
Novelty: The value of this paper is a contribution to the debate on defining a theoretical model of housing policy and an explanation of the changes in housing in Poland from 2002–2016.
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Informacja o wynikach kontroli - realizacja zadań w zakresie gospodarki mieszkaniowej przez organy administracji rządowej i jednostki samorządu terytorialnego [Information about the inspection results - implementation of tasks concerning housingpolicies carried out by central and local government organisations], Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, Warszawa 10
area analysed are not uniform and their distribution depends to a large extent on the housingpolicy of the individual communes.
Housingpolicy in the Studies of the Conditions and Directions of Spatial Management of a Commune
Due to the great interest in residential areas from potential buyers, suburban communes allocate areas previously used for agricultural purposes for residential purposes. The land organisation and development of suburban areas may be divided into two phases. The first is due to the activity of individual investors, while the second is
Puķītis, A., Puķīte, I., & Geipele, I. (2017). Rental and Management Policy of Municipal Residential Buildings: HousingPolicy. Case Study of Riga (Part One). Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management, 5, 287-301. e-ISSN 2255-9671. https://doi.org/10.1515/bjreecm-2017-0022
Riga City Council. (2017). Kā saņemt mājokli no pašvaldības?. Retrieved November 29, 2017, from https://www.riga.lv/lv/news/ka-sanemt-majokli-no-pasvaldibas?9052