Jaime Prieto, Miguel-Ángel Gómez and Richard Pollard
The purpose of this study was to quantify the home advantage in both men’s and women’s First and Second Division water polo leagues, to compare the results obtained according to sex of participants and the level of competition, and to test for possible differences in home advantage when considering the interaction between these two factors. The sample comprised four seasons from 2007-2008 to 2010-2011 for a total of 1942 games analyzed. The results showed the existence of home advantage in both men’s and women’s First and Second Divisions. After controlling for the competitive balance of each league in each season, there was a significant difference between men’s and women’s leagues, with higher home advantage for men’s leagues (58.60% compared with 53.70% for women’s leagues). There was also a significant difference between the levels of competition, with greater home advantage for the Second Division (57.95% compared with 54.35% for First Division). No significant differences in home advantage were found when considering the interaction between sex of participants and the level of competition. The results in relation to sex of participants and the level of competition are consistent with previous studies in other sports such as football or handball.
databaseBasketball.com (2013). NBA basketball statistics, draft, awards, and history, Retrieved June 7, 2013, from http://databaseBasketball.com .
Davis, T. (2010). Does the Super Bowl matchup definitively end the rest vs. rust debate? Bleacher Report, Retrieved December 7, 2018, from http://bleacherreport.com/articles/332549-does-the-super-bowl-matchup-definitively-end-the-rest-vs-rust-debate .
Entine, O. A. & Small, D. S. (2008). The role of rest in the NBA home-courtadvantage. Journal of
In this Special Issue, one paper analyses the influence of fouls ( Fasol and Redlich, 2018 ), concluding that whether or not a game-stopping foul is committed has no influence on scoring a goal, and another looks at how homecourtadvantage affects performance ( Pic, 2018 ), finding that the potential advantage of playing at home occurs mainly in situations in which the teams reach the end of the game tied. It has to be noted, however, that physical performance in handball is different in the morning from what it is in the evening ( Pavlović et al., 2018 ). Studies
is played by the 8 teams classified best during the regular season (played in a balanced schedule of 15 teams), then the playoff includes quarter-final, semi-final and final rounds in a best-of-three-series with a homecourtadvantage predetermined by the regular season results, the best classified team guarantees the homecourtadvantage.
All the variables included are defined in Table 1 . The dependent variable was ball possession offensive effectiveness. It was established into a dichotomous dependent variable successful ball possession (when
’s volleyball, with an increased frequency of high attacks, the importance of this technical skill seems to be decreasing, matching the competitive opportunities of teams with lower attack potential.
Previous studies evaluating the home-courtadvantage effect provided inconsistent results on whether playing in a specific venue might be an asset for volleyball teams. Some of them have observed no effects in some leagues ( Peña et al., 2013 ), while others found this factor important exclusively during the initial set of the match ( Marcelino et al., 2009 ). Contrary to