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Intersecting Experiences: Class, Gender, Ethnicity and Race in the Lives of Highly Skilled Migrants in Finland


The aim of this article is to study the experiences of highly skilled migrants from an intersectional perspective. Based on a case study of a group of skilled migrants in Finland, this article explores the interplay of various social identities and categorizations in their everyday life. I argue that although class markers are an important element in the self-defined group identification for skilled migrants, they are also subjected to intersecting social categorizations, stereotyping and assumptions based on gender, ethnicity, race and nationality, creating different experiences and belongings for different skilled migrants. Anthias’ concept of ‘translocational positionality’ is used to highlight how these intersections are highly situational, context specific and relative to other actors in the Finnish context.

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How Does Place Matter to Highly Skilled Migrants?
Work/non-work experiences of international physicians in Norway and Sweden

Publishing, Paris. Povrzanović Frykman, M, Bunescu, I & Mozetič, K 2016, ‘Work/non-work experiences of highly skilled migrants: an outline of an emergent research field’, MIM Working Papers Series No. 16:1. Malmö: MIM, Malmö University. Available from: < >. Povrzanović Frykman, M & Mozetič, K 2019, ‘The importance of friends: social life challenges for foreign physicians in Southern Sweden’, Community, Work & Family , online first, DOI:10.1080/13668803.2019.1599323. Povrzanović Frykman, M & Öhlander, M 2018

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Finnish Highly Skilled Migrants and the European Economic Crisis

EU Enlargement , Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 85–109. McKay, S. (2009), ‘The dimensions and effects of EU labour migration in the UK,’ in B. Galgóczi, J. Leschke & A. Watt (eds.) EU Labour Migration since Enlargement: Trends, Impacts and Policies , Farnham: Ashgate, pp. 29–49. Mulholland, J. & Ryan, L. (2013), ‘Doing the business: variegation, opportunity and intercultural experience among intra-EU highly-skilled migrants,’ International Migration , vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 55–68. Orrenius, P. M

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Gekommen, um zu bleiben? Der Verbleib internationaler Studierender in Deutschland aus einer Lebenslaufperspektive


Vor dem Hintergrund des demographischen Wandels in Deutschland werden von der Politik seit geraumer Zeit Bemühungen unternommen, den anhaltenden Fachkräftebedarf durch die Attrahierung hochqualifizierter Zuwanderer zu decken. In diesem Kontext wächst auch das Interesse an internationalen Studierenden als potenziellem Fachkräftenachwuchs für den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt. Deutschland ist ein bedeutendes Zielland für internationale Studierende, und die formalen Rahmenbedingungen für einen Verbleib und Arbeitsmarktzugang nach Studienabschluss wurden in den vergangenen Jahren erheblich liberalisiert. Umfrageergebnisse belegen ein großes Interesse internationaler Studierender an einem Verbleib in Deutschland nach dem Studium, doch die verfügbaren Zahlen zeigen, dass die Bleibeintentionen nur teilweise umgesetzt werden. Dieser Diskrepanz wird in dem vorliegenden Beitrag nachgegangen. Anhand einer qualitativen Fallstudie analysiert der Beitrag die Einstellungen, Erfahrungen und Zukunftsvisionen von internationalen Studierenden in Deutschland unter der Perspektive eines möglichen Verbleibs. Eine besondere Konzentration liegt auf der Frage, wie sich die Verbleibs- oder Wanderungsentscheidung als Teil einer biographischen Statuspassage konstituiert, die am Übergang zwischen Studium und Beruf auftritt. Es zeigt sich, dass lebenslaufbezogene Erwägungen und Standortentscheidungen stark ineinander verwoben sind und auf der Basis eines transnationalen Aktionsraums angestellt werden.

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Stimulating Flexible Citizenship: The Impact of Dutch and Indian Migration Policies on the Lives of Highly Skilled Indian Migrants in the Netherlands

self-interested way ( Ong 1999 , 6). Literature on highly skilled migrants has often conceptualized migrant decision-making as individual. Our own data, and that of comparable studies, however show that families and the social/cultural context within which the family is constructed also play an important role (cf. Roos 2013 , 148). Within “flexible citizenship” regimes, passports become tickets to participate in the global labour market and cannot be seen as proof of loyalty to a nation state or a commitment to the duties of citizenship ( Ong 1999 , 2). Although

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Transnational and Local Negotiations of Identity

. The Children of Immigrants Come of Age, Russell Sage Foundation, New York. Koskela, K 2011, ‘Identity negotiations and the "migrant elite": experiences of highly-skilled migrants in Finland’. Paper presented at the post-graduate seminar, Department of Social Studies, Helsinki. Lamont, M & Bail, C 2007, ‘Bridging boundaries: the equalization strategies of stigmatized ethno-racial groups compared’ Centre for European Studies Working Papers no. 154, Available from: http

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Policy of attracting highly skilled professionals from the third countries to Czechia

:// [42] Zaletel, P. (2006): Competing for the Highly Skilled Migrants: Implications for the EU Common Approach on Temporary Economic Migration. European Law Journal, r.12, č. 5, str. 613-635.

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Mobile Brains and the Question of ‘Deskilling’:
High-skilled South Asian migrants in Denmark

-433F-B6D0-29D7EC623101/0/ramboll_Green_Cardrapport_oktober_2010.pdf >. [Last accessed 09.01.2017] Regeringen 2007, ’Danmark – et Godt Sted at Arbejde. Regeringens Plan for International rekruttering’. Available from < >. [Last accessed 15.01.2017]. Rytter, M 2018, ‘Writing against integration: Danish imaginaries of culture, race and belonging’, Ethnos , pp. 1-20, DOI:10.1080/00141844.2018.1458745. Shachar, A 2006, ‘Race for talent: highly skilled migrants and competitive immigration

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‘Knowledge Workers’ in the Baltic Sea Region: Comparative Assessment of Innovative Performance of the Countries in the Macro-Region

Integration and Baltic Sea Region: Diversity and Perspectives, Riga: The University of Latvia, pp. 533−543. Kirch, A.; Nezerenko, O. & Mezentsev, V. (2011), ‘Estonia and other countries of the Baltic Sea Region as actors of development: conceptual approach,’ in European Integration Studies: Research and Topicalities, vol. 5, pp. 199-204. Koikkalainen, S. (2017), ‘Finnish highly skilled migrants and the European economic crisis,’ Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 168-181.

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Norwegian Women's Experiences of 20th-Century Migration to England:
Narratives Of Changing Gender Roles

domestic work , Stanford University Press, Stanford. Rashid, SR 2013, ‘Bangladeshi women’s experiences of their men’s migration: rethinking power, agency and subordination’, Asian Survey , vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 883-908, DOI:10.1525/as.2013.53.5.883. Roantree, B & Vira, K 2018, The rise and rise of women’s employment in the UK , IFS Briefing Note BN234, The Institute for Fiscal Studies, London. Ryan, L & Mulholland, J 2013, ‘“Wives are the route to social life”: an analysis of family life and networking amongst highly skilled migrants in London

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