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professionals in a private university, Malaysia. Int Curr Pharm J. 2012;1(10):302-10. 21. Barros ARR, Griep RH, Rotenberg L. Self-medication among nursing workers from public hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev Latino-am Emfermagem. 2009;17(6):1015-22. 22. Galvan MR, Pai DD, Echevarria-Guanilo ME. Self-medication among health professionals. REME – Rev Min Enferm 2016; 20:e959. 23. Wikipedia: the free encyclopedia [Internet]. St Petersburg (FL): Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Sokoto [Updated 2017, June; cited 2017 November 18]; [1 screen]. Available from: https

findings from one of these work packages. The aim of this part of the overall research project was a dense description of the current situation and needs for action in providing care to long-term mechanically ventilated patients in Germany from the perspective of health professionals. The results should be discussed in light of (inter-)national theoretical discourses on the principles of needs-based health system design, continuity and integration of individual case management. In this way, one of several building blocks for the development of recommendations for the

References World Health Organization. Tobacco Free Initiative. Geneva: WHO; c 2008. World Health Organization. The role of health professionals in tobacco control. Geneva: WHO; 2005. Villanova CA. Tab gismo Como factor de risco. In: Silva LC, editor. Condutas em Pneumologia. Rio de Janeiro: Revinter; 2001. International Consultation on Tobacco and Youth. International Consultation on Tobacco and Youth: What the world works? 28-30 September 2000 Singapore: final conference report. Geneva: WHO, 2000. Green WL, Potvin L. Education, health promotion and social

Potresi su prirodne katastrofe koje možemo očekivati u bilo kojem dijelu Zemlje u bilo kojem trenutku. Učestalost im je veća u cirkumpacifičkom i mediteransko-transazijskom seizmičkom pojasu. Prate se nizom sofisticiranih metoda, magnituda im se određuje Richterovom ljestvicom, a intenzitet Mercani- Cancani-Sibergovom ljestvicom. Kroz povijest je zabilježen niz potresa koji su svojom razornom snagom odnijeli brojne ljudske živote te dramatično izmijenili okoliš. Hrvatska se nalazi u seizmički aktivnom području, što dokazuje niz katastrofalnih potresa, od kojih velik broj i na zagrebačkom području. Posljedice potresa najviše će ovisiti o gustoći naseljenosti i seizmičkoj otpornosti zgrada. Okolišne posljedice najčešće uključuju zagađenje zraka, vode i tla. Učinci takvog zagađenja mogu imati dugoročne posljedice na zdravlje populacije. Najdramatičniji, akutni, zdravstveni učinci potresa posljedica su rušenja zgrada. Pri tome brzo i djelotvorno medicinsko djelovanje ovisi ne samo o dobroj organizaciji i pripremljenosti zdravstvenih djelatnika nego i o spremnosti i opremljenosti civilne zaštite, vatrogasne službe i pripadnika Gorske službe spašavanja (HGSS). Tada će upravo dobra koordinacija između navedenih službi biti najvažnija, čime će se spasiti mnogi životi i spriječiti teže ozljede. Javnozdravstveno djelovanje mora se zasnivati na učinkovitim kontrolnim mjerama u okolišu kao prevenciji sekundarnih zdravstvenih problema izazvanih nepovoljnim okolišnim čimbenicima. Identifikacijom i kontrolom dugoročnih štetnosti nastalih kao posljedica potresa smanjit će se kronični zdravstveni učinci u populaciji. Najvažnije je istaknuti da smanjenje potresom izazvanih razaranja, budući da je rušenje zgrada najveći rizični čimbenik potresa, uključuje postavljanje prioriteta u izgradnji seizmički sigurnih zgrada.

of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2014-138. Shahrasbi, A. A., Afshar, M., Shokraneh, F., Monji, F., Noroozi, M., Ebrahimi-Khojin, M., Madani, S. F., Ahadi-Barzoki, M., Rajabi, M. (2014). Risks to health professionals from hazardous drugs in Iran: A pilot study of understanding of healthcare team to occupational exposure to cytotoxics. Exper. Clin. Sci. Int. Online J. Adv. Sci., 13 , 491–501. Villarini, M., Dominici, L., Fatigoni, C., Muzi, G

Abstract

The regime change in the former German Democratic Republic and its reunification with the Federal Republic of Germany at the beginning of 1990s launched significant social and economic changes which resulted i.a. in high out-migration rate and secondary also rapid demographic ageing of the populations of the states of former Eastern Germany including Saxony. As a consequence, there is a lack of health professionals in Saxon hospitals which is going to be solved by the in-migration of medical staff from abroad. The geographical location of the Federal state of Saxony predetermines representatives of Saxon hospitals to look for missing health care labour in Czechia and latest statistics demonstrate that this could be a successful way to stabilize or even increase the personnel numbers of Saxon health care providers. The aim of this article is not only to bring some basic data about the migration of Czech health professionals to Germany, but especially to focus on processes which facilitate or hinder such kind of mobility, influence the rate of success of their integration both into the work team and German society and form the prospects of their permanent stay in Germany. Ten interviews with Czech health professionals were conducted in order to fulfill these ambitions. As a result, crucial barriers and recommendations for improvements concerning the migration decision making, their integration and sustaining in the migratory destination are presented.

eine bedarfsgerechte Gesundheitsversorgung in Deutschland Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 137 37 73 Frenk. J., Chen, L., Bhutta, J., Crisp, N., Evan, T., Fineberg, H., Garcia, P., Ke, Y., Kelley, P., Kistnasamy, B., Meleis, A., Naylor, D., Pablos-Mendez, A., Reddy, S., Scrimshaw, S., Sepulveda, J., Serwadda, D., Zurayk, H. (2010). Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. The Lancet, Nov. 29 (Deutsche Übersetzung). Zürich: Careum Stiftung. Frenk J. Chen L. Bhutta J. Crisp N. Evan T

narratives Literaturreview durchgeführt. Da in diesem Zusammenhang neben empirischen auch theoretische Diskurse von Interesse waren, wurde eine breitangelegte Recherche in unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Kommunikationsforen durchgeführt. Zunächst erfolgte bis Juni 2017 eine Recherche in einschlägigen Datenbanken (CINAHL, Medline, Psychinfo, Eric, SocIndex) zu den Schlagwörtern health care students and stereotyp*, health professional students and stereotyp*, healthcare professionals and stereotyp*, health professionals and stereotyp* und professional stereotypes

Abstract

Background

The system of nursing care in Germany is currently changing. For years, a further development of cooperation in the health care sector has been discussed. And thus a change in the distribution of tasks between health care professions. In 2008, the legislature introduced the introduction of pilot projects for the transfer of medicinal tasks to nurses according to § 63 para. 3c Social Code V. The implementation is very sluggish. The aim of the study was to analyze the reasons for this sluggish implementation from the perspective of the statutory health insurance funds.

Methods

Quantitative survey of all statutory health insurance funds (n=124) in Germany.

Results

To ensure supply, 94 % of health insurance companies consider the transfer of medical tasks to non-medical care providers as a sensible approach. Also 96 % consider this to be very important in order to ensure care. Although 96 % of health insurance funds support the implementation of pilot projects, only 8 % are in fact involved in such contracts; 71 % do not plan own pilot projects for the future.

In the view of the statutory health insurance funds, legal obstacles (90 %), resistance by medical representatives (84 %), unresolved financing (74 %) and liability issues (70 %) as well as non-applicable regulations in G-BA-directive (79 %) and the law (85 %). Less than half (46 %) of the health insurance companies suspect high costs causing the slow implementation.

Discussion

The amendments adopted by the legislature in the current reform of the law on care professions can be described as appropriate; in particular the fact that statutory health insurance funds should implement and carry out appropriate pilot projects by 31 December 2020.

Abstract

With the academization of practical health professions universities as well as universities of applied sciences are facing the challenge to qualify nurses and therapists for a field of profession which is not defined yet. Science has to answer the questions about the exact contents and the boundary of academic health professions to other professions, which are established in fields of activities within patient care for a long time. Furthermore, science has to show prospective developments. At this point the need of labour research in academic, practical professions of health care arises.

The concept of this contribution combines the further qualification with labour research in the professional field and aims to design modules of further education, which combine systematically the practical field of work with the contents of the module. The base is a didactical approach of a relation between theoretical and practical parts, known from dual study programs. A reflective oriented case study is the central instrument of the further education in every module. The participants have to use the theoretical contents of the module to reflect their practical field of work with a professional perspective. In doing so the participants become researcher in their own practice and at the same time the further education is used for a scientific reflection of their field of work which generates inputs for the development of the practice.