Vukić Lazić, Dušan Arsić, Milan Mutavdžić, Ružica Nikolić, Jozef Meško, Ljubica Radović and Nada Ilić
Jovanović, M., Adamović, D., Lazić, V. (1996). Welding technology, handbook. Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac (in Serbian).
Lazić, V., Jovanović, M. Rajačić, D., Josifović, D., Adamović, D. (1997). Surfacing of the truck lift hook. Welding and welded structures, 42(3), pp. 159-164.
Lazić, V. (2001). Optimization of the hard-facing process from the tribological aspects of the hard-faced layers and residual stresses. PhD. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Kragujevac.
Lazić, V., Jovanović, M
Using the pad welding technique it is possible to regenerate machine parts or improve surface properties such as abrasion, corrosion and aging resistance. To ensure optimum processing conditions and economic efforts should be made, while providing a high deposition efficiency for the small amount of metal in the pad weld substrate. The pad welding process for the test subject should be carried out by preheating to evaporate the moisture and reduce the porosity of the weld. This treatment is required depending on the carbon equivalent. The article presents the results of corrosion tests of multi-groove pads made with the MIG method on a steel substrate. The samples were made of C45E steel. The additional material was a wire made of stainless steel with the factory name CASTOMAG 4554S. The results of previously performed tests allowed determining the optimal process parameters at which we obtain the smallest share of the base material in the padding. Steel samples were prepared and preheated to 300ºC. The hardfacing process was carried out with constant parameters, i.e. current intensity, arc voltage, surfacing speed). Two protective gases were used to apply the additional material: CO2 and argon. The samples were subjected to corrosion tests in two environments (3.5% sodium chloride solution and 0.001 sulfuric acid solution). The assessment of corrosive properties was made on the basis of constant current measurements (potentiodynamic method). The influence of shielding gas on corrosion properties was demonstrated based on the tests.
Miroslava Ťavodová, Miroslav Džupon, Daniela Kalincová and Michaela Hnilicová
BREZINOVÁ, J. – DRAGANOVSKÁ, D. – GUZANOVÁ, A. – BALOG, P. – VIŇÁŠ, J. 2016. Influence of the hardfacing welds structure on their wear resistance. In Metals, vol. 6, no. 2, 36. doi:10.3390/met6020036.
CHOTĚBORSKÝ, R. – HRABĚ, P. – MÜLLER, M. – SAVKOVÁ, J. – JIRKA, M. – NAVRÁTILOVÁ, M. 2009b. Effect of abrasive particle size on abrasive wear of hardfacing alloys. In Research in Agricultural Engineering, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 101–113.
CHOTĚBORSKÝ, R. – HRABĚ, P. – MŰLLER, M. – SAVKOVÁ, J. 2009a. Abrasive wear of Fe-Cr-C based welding
The paper presents the results of two new in-situ methods of Fe-Al intermetallic compounds layers fabrication on the steel substrates. The layers were produced by hardfacing of pure aluminum and titanium on the steel (S235JR) substrate as well as in the two-step process: the thermal spraying of pure aluminum on a steel substrate and subsequent remelting of aluminum coating with iron from the substrate using AC TIG method. As a result of the synthesis of Fe, Al and Ti components (for the hardfacing method) the new layer material based on the ordered intermetallic phases was achieved. The effects were confirmed by metallographic examinations, hardness tests and the diffraction patterns of the analyzed remelted layers. In addition, measurements of residual stresses in the layer and substrate were carried out.
In this paper the investigated conditions and possibilities of repairing forging dies with high precision robotic MAG welding are presented. Different welding wire electrodes were examined and compared by their processability. Productivity, process stability, slag and fume formation were in the focus of investigation. Metallographic tests were carried out to validate the compliance of welded layers. Based on the performance of the wire electrodes, recommendations have been elaborated for the procedure specification and also for further investigation. Some robot cell layouts have been designed adapting to the special working environment and requirements of the welding procedure.
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 Woźniak, P., Starosta, R., Corrosive properties of multi -groove pads hardfacing with the MIG method , Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Metallurgy and Materials, pp. 910-917, Brno 2018.
Rastislav Bernát, Zoltán Záležák, Norbert Kecskés and Peter Blaško
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BS 1449-1.1:1991. Steel plate, sheet and strip