Zdzisław Chłopek, Anna Olecka and Krystian Szczepański
increasing atmospheric concentration of the so-called greenhousegases due to the ever increasing emission of these gases [ Climate change evidence & causes …2017 , Climate change: a summary of …2017 , Sustainable Automotive Technologies 2012 ]. Greenhousegas emissions originate mainly from natural sources, though the dynamic development of human activities is also responsible for the increased emission of these gases [ Climate change evidence & causes …2017 , Climate change: a summary of …2017 , Sustainable Automotive Technologies 2012 ]. This finds confirmation in
Zdzisław Chłopek, Anna Olecka, Krystian Szczepański and Katarzyna Bebkiewicz
its physical composition, including the physical state of water, that are involved in determining the energy balance of the Earth’s surface and the atmosphere, but the main factor is the concentration of the so-called greenhousegases, whose potential to absorb electromagnetic radiation is highly sensitive to its frequency [ Chłopek 2012 , Climate change evidence & causes …2010 , Climate change: a summary of …2010 ]. The increase in greenhousegases (GHGs) concentration and, especially, in that of carbon dioxide, observed over the recent years in the atmosphere
Lech Wojciech Szajdak, Wioletta Gaca, Jürgen Augustin and Teresa Meysner
greenhousegases and odorants from pig slurry - effect on the environment and methods of its reduction. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2018;25(3):383-394. DOI: 10.1515/eces-2018-0026.
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 Malinowski M, Wolny-Koładka K. Microbiological and energetic assessment of the effects of the biodrying of fuel produced
Suthirat Kittipongvises, Orathai Chavalparit and Chakkaphan Sutthirat
N., Norgate T. The greenhousegas footprint of in-situ leaching of uranium, gold and copper in Australia. Journal of Cleaner Production 2014:84:382–390. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.09.033
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 Gao T., Lui Q., Wang J. A comparative study of carbon footprint and assessment standards. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies 2013:9(3):237–243. doi
Marta Marszałek, Zygmunt Kowalski and Agnieszka Makara
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Ágnes Bálint, Sándor Hoffmann, Attila Anton, Tibor Szili-Kovács and György Heltai
According to global inventories the agricultural field production contributes in a significant measure to increase of concentration of greenhouse gases (CO2, N2O, CH4) in the atmosphere, however their estimated data of emissions of soil origin differ significantly. Particularly estimates on nitrogen-oxides emissions show a great temporal and spatial variability while their formations in microbial processes are strongly influenced by biogeochemical and physical properties of the soil (eg microbial species, soil texture, soil water, pH, redox-potential and nutrient status) and land use management through the impact of the application of natural and synthetic fertilisers, tillage, irrigation, compaction, planting and harvesting. The different monitoring systems and inventory models were developed mostly from atmospheric chemistry point of view and little comprehensive data exist on the processes related to GHG emissions and their productions in agricultural soils under ecological conditions of Central Europe. This paper presents the new results of a project aimed elaboration of an experimental system suitable for studying relationships between the production and emission of greenhouse gases and plant nutrition supply in agricultural soils under Hungarian ecological conditions. The system was based on a long-term fertilisation field experiment. Mesocosm size pot experiments were conducted with soils originating from differently treated plots. The production of CO2 and N2O was followed during the vegetation period in gas traps built in 20 cm depth. Undisturbed soil columns were prepared from the untreated side parcels of the field experiment and the production of CO2 and N2O was studied at 20, 40 and 60 cm depth. A series of laboratory microcosm experiments were performed to clarify the microbial and environmental effects influencing the gas production in soils. The CO2 and N2O were determined by gas chromatography. The NOx was detected by chemiluminescence method in headspace of microcosms. In the mesocosm and soil columns experiments influence of plant nutrition methods and environmental factors was successfully clarified on seasonal dynamics and depth profile on CO2 and N2O productions. The database developed is suitable for estimating CO2 and N2O emissions from agricultural soils.
Zbigniew Podkówka, Bohuslav Čermák, Witold Podkówka and Jan Brouček
Bachmaier, H., Effenberger, M., Lehner, A. & Gronauer A. (2008). Klimabilanz von praxis - biogasanlagen. In Ökologische und ökonomische Bewertung nachwachsender Energieträger (pp. 194-200). KTBL-Tagung vom 8 bis 9. September 2008 in Aschaffenburg.
Bell, M.J., Cullen, B.R. & Eckard R.J. (2012). The influence of climate, soil and pasture type on productivity and greenhousegas emissions intensity of modeled beef cow-calf grazing systems in southern Australia. Animals , 2, 540-558. DOI: 10.3390/ani2040540.
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Giedrė Lapinskienė, Manuela Tvaronavičienė and Pranas Vaitkus
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Maciej Sadowski, Anna Romańczak and Iwona Kargulewicz
BR1 (First Biennial Reports of Annex I Parties). 2014. http://unfccc.int/national_reports/biennial_reports_and_iar/submitted_biennial_reports/items/7550.php [2015, October]
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