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References Brzozowska A., Miler R. (2017). Implementation of the Green Shipping Practices as an element of the maritime transport restructuring processes, [in:] Jaki A., Rojek T. (eds.), Contemporary issues and challenges of the organization management process, Foundation of the Cracow University of Economics, Cracow, 195–209. Corbett J.J., Winebrake J.J., Green, E.H., Kasibhatla P., Eyring V., Lauer A. (2007). Mortality from ship emissions: A global assessment, Environmental Science & Technology . Corbett, J.J. (2003). New directions: Designing ship emissions


In recent years, there has been a significant development in “green” and energy efficient propulsion systems, which fits into the general trend of environmentally friendly “green shipping”.

The pursued goal is to construct a safe passenger ship that is low in energy demand and equipped with a highly energy efficient, emission-free propulsion system.

The paper presents main problems encountered by designers of a small, hybrid-powered ferry powered lithium batteries. The conducted research allowed to create a design of an energy efficient hull shape, which decreases the demand for energy. Completed remote control model tests resulted in a proposal of an energy efficient and safe propulsion system with good manoeuvring capabilities. Measurements completed on an existing ferry permitted completing energy balance and forming an energy management policy.

The paper contains the emission calculations computed for the existing ferry that are necessary for the environmental impact analysis.

The soon to be constructed, newly designed vessel will provide a valuable contribution to hybrid-propulsion, energy management and unmanned technologies research.


To secure cargoes, containerships operate double or triple calling of ports in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region in China. Such shipping operations generate high CO2 emissions. This paper suggest a green shipping network (GSN) as a useful tool to transship containers from feeder ports to hub ports to lower the overall CO2 emissions in the region. From the perspective of scale operations from using the hub-and-spoke approach and the deployment of mega ships, developing a GSN within the PRD region can be beneficial, both economically and environmentally, to port users in the container transport chain.


The development and growing availability of modern technologies, along with more and more severe environment protection standards which frequently take a form of legal regulations, are the reason why attempts are made to find a quiet and economical propulsion system not only for newly built watercraft units, but also for modernised ones. Correct selection of the propulsion and supply system for a given vessel affects significantly not only the energy efficiency of the propulsions system but also the environment - as this selection is crucial for the noise and exhaust emission levels. The paper presents results of experimental examination of ship power demand performed on a historic passenger ship of 25 m in length. Two variants, referred to as serial and parallel hybrid propulsion systems, were examined with respect to the maximum length of the single-day route covered by the ship. The recorded power demands and environmental impact were compared with those characteristic for the already installed conventional propulsion system. Taking into account a high safety level expected to be ensured on a passenger ship, the serial hybrid system was based on two electric motors working in parallel and supplied from two separate sets of batteries. This solution ensures higher reliability, along with relatively high energy efficiency. The results of the performed examination have revealed that the serial propulsion system is the least harmful to the environment, but its investment cost is the highest. In this context, the optimum solution for the ship owner seems to be a parallel hybrid system of diesel-electric type


Dynamic development in practically all fields of science and engineering has not passed over shipbuilding. In last years, engineers got to their use computer software which makes it possible to perform strength and hydrodynamic calculations as well as to visualize design projects in 3 D space [1-4]. At their disposal they have full spectrum of modern solutions associated with the use of advanced materials and technologies [5-7]. More and more attention is also paid to impact onto the natural environment [8,9]. Every new object must influence the environment as low as possible, beginning from building phase through its service life up to final utilization - such approach is called „green-shipping“. However, not only practical reasons are important. Clients, i.e. ship owners and passengers of ships paid more and more attention to image of floating units. During decision taking on that from whom a transport service has to be ordered, the most modern ships of an attractive image matching with place and time, are often taken into consideration.

Such situation has become a basis for an idea of working out a concept of a new ferryboat for National Maritime Museum. As the ferry has to navigate in „the heart of the town“, then, apart from strictly marine and engineering aspects, an important factor of its designing is its expected image - a set of significant meanings and emotions written in architecture language. The new ferryboat, like its historical predecessors, will never leave urban water routes.

Commission. 4. Chin-Shan, Lu; Wen-Hong, Liu; Wooldridge Ch. (2014) Maritime environmental governance and green shipping. Maritime Policy & Management 41(2): 131–133. 5. Demand study port infrastructure (2013) Project CLEANSHIP report. (Clean Baltic Sea Shipping, funded by Baltic Sea Programme 2007-2013). 6. Everett, S.; Pettitt, T. (2006) Effective corporatization of ports is a function of effective legislation: legal issues in the existing paradigm. Maritime Policy & Management 33(3): 219–232. 7. Homsombat, W.; Yip, T.L.; Yang, H.; Fu, X. (2013) Regional cooperation

:// [20] T. Sinha. EEDI - The Future of Green Shipping, [Online]. Available: [21] International Maritime Organization [Online]. Available: [22] 10 Reasons Why Ship Operators Should be Nervous About the 2015 ECA Regulations, [Online]. Available: [23] International: IMO Marine Engine Regulations, [Online]. Available: http

.: The American Practical Navigator - 2002 Bicentennial Edition . National Imagery and Mapping Agency, U.S. Government, 2002. 5. Dorigo, M., Manizzzo, V. and Colomi, A.: Ant system optimization by a colony of cooperating agents. IEEE Transaction on System, Man and Cybernetics- Part B: Cybernetics, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 29-41, 1991. 6. Flecks, J.: Study Green Shipping . HVB Global Shipping, Hamburg, pp. 4-5, 2009. 7. Hagiwara, H.: Weather Routing of Sail Assisted Motor Vessels . Ph. D. Thesis, Delft University, Holland, 1989. 8. Hanssen, G. L. and James, R. W

: Design Requirements for Offshore Wind Turbines. No. IEC61400-3, 2009. 21. Zhang L, Zhao J and Zhang JH, Analysis of Environmental Loads on Pile Foundation of Offshore Wind Turbines. International conference on marine science and technology for green shipping 2009, pp. 69-77. 22. Pilger GG, Costa JFC and Koppe JC. Improving the efficiency of the sequential simulation algorithm using Latin Hypercube Sampling. Geostatistics Banff 2004. Springer 2005, pp. 989-998. 23. Hess PE, Bruchman D, Assakkaf IA, et al, Uncertainties in material and geometric strength and load