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Comparison of emissions depending on the type of vehicle engine

] Synák, F., Rievaj, V., “2017) „The Impact of Driving Resistances of a Vehicle on Global Pollution“, In: 17 th International Scientific Conference Globalization and Its Socio-Economic Consequences, pp: 2602 – 2609, ISBN 978-80-8154-212-1 [6] Villamor, JDV., Rey-Baltar, DZ. (2015). “The impact of melting icebergs on sea level,” Revista Eureka Sobre Ensenanza y Divulagacion de las Ciencias, vol. 12, pp. 178-185, DOI: 10.25267/Rev_Eureka_ensen_divulg_cienc.2015.v12.i1.12 [7] Skrucany, T., Harantova, V., Kendra, M., Barta, D. (2017). Reducing Energy Consumption

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Control Study of Siret River Quality in Pascani County Area and Estimation of Its Pollution Level

Characterization of the Prut River. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 2011 , 10 (3), 411-419. 7. Benchea, E.R.; Cretescu, I.; Macoveanu, M. Monitoring of Water Quality Indicators for Improving Water Resources Management of Bahlui River. Environ. Eng. Manag. J. 2011 , 10 (3), 327-332. 8. Zaharia, C. A comparative overview of the environmental impact assessment produced by different economic activities using the global pollution index. Proceeding of the 15th International Conference - Modern Technologies, Quality and Innovation, May 25-27, Vol.II 2011

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Introducing Environmental Technologies in Industrial Fuel Combustion Processes

Abstract

Atmosphere pollution is a complex and worldwide process carried out for a long period of time. Greenhouse effect, global warming and acid rain are only some examples generated by atmospheric pollution. Experts discovered a strong motivation on finding solutions for reducing pollutant emissions caused by atmospheric pollution. Transport activities and fossil fuels combustion are the main concern on environmental pollution, more than that, they are used in industrial processes, being the main cause of environmental pollution.

We have to understand that global pollution is causing the main effect on economic and social challenges of each country, a fact that will be hard to change in the future, and every small step will help for a better and healthy environment. Sebes and Zlanta city, from Alba regions, were the areas that draw our attention for studying the level of atmospheric pollution for a period of 5 years. We made periodic determinations on emission level for SO2, CO, CO2, NOx and writing down periodic reports. The measurements were made in industrial areas for Zlatna and Sebes city and in urban areas in Alba-Iulia city. Traffic environment was the main issue discovered after this research. The concerning was on industrial pollution for the cities of Sebes and Zlatna. The final part is offering solutions on reducing gaseous emissions in particular for economic operators and for the industries as well. This research is particularly aimed at emissions reduction like SO2, CO, CO2 and also for volatile organic compounds. Directive 2008/50/CE concerning ambient air quality were the main sources where we started on our research targeting on reducing atmospheric pollution.

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Application of SWAT model to small agricultural catchment in Poland

Application of SWAT model to small agricultural catchment in Poland

Poland is obliged, like the other EU countries, to implement the Water Framework Directive - WFD (2000/60/WE) by the end of 2015. The main objective of WFD is to provide normative quality of all water resources. To reach this goal reduction of water polluter emission to the environment is needed. Our project focuses on pollution from agricultural sources which share in global pollution is high and growing still. As a pilot area, where the WFD is going to be implemented, small agricultural Zgłowiączka catchment was chosen.

The state monitoring of surface water quality for the catchment is conducted in three points along the Zgłowiaczka River. In each of these three points, nitrates concentration periodically significantly exceeds the allowable value of 50 mg NO3·dm-3. The highest average monthly values of nitrates concentration in years 1990-2007 occur in February, March and April, which indicates on agriculture as a source of pollution. The Zgłowiaczka catchment is an area where reduction of nitrogen run-off from agricultural lands to water resources is especially needed. The main topic of the research carried out in the Polish-Norwegian project is to propose different means for reduction of migration of nitrate to surface water based on modeling approach. In the paper a conception of creating buffer zones using SWAT model is presented. We considered fitting the buffer zone width, depending on the flow rate of water flowing from the fields to the stream. Using SWAT model interface a map of potential flow under the conditions of the intensive precipitation was generated. The next step was distribution over the whole Zgłowiączka catchment, places with high density of the temporal streams network. It was done using GRASS program. The map of stream "density" was done by assigning the raster number which is the sum of raster in the neighbourhood (radius of neighbourhood smaller or equal 25 raster). The choice of the most endangered subbasins was done on base of visual evaluation of the surface flow density map.

It is visible in the results that filter strips on endangered areas are far more effective and therefore more required. If the width of the vegetated buffer strips is not sufficient, it will not attain the desired effectiveness. Conversely, if the width is too great, it will cause agricultural land waste, preventing farmers' interest in cooperating with environmental preservation efforts. For the above reasons, it is important to set a reasonable width range. According to the results we are suggesting wider buffer zones in endangered subbasins and narrow in other subbasins.

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The Impact of Polish-German Trade Flows on CO2 Emissions

References Bang, J.K., Hoff, E., & Peters, G. (2008), EU consumption, global pollution. A Report Written by WWF’s Trade and Investment Programme and the Industrial Ecology Programme at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Gland: WWF International. Bernard, A. & Vielle, M. (2009). Assessment of European Union transition scenarios with a special focus on the issue of carbon leakage. Energy Economics. 31 (Supplement 2), 274-284. DOI:10.1016/j.eneco.2009.08.013. Boehringer, C., et al. (2009

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Observed and projected impacts of slow cultural eutrophication on the fish assemblages of a shallow tropical African reservoir

of rivers: from pristine stage to global pollution, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (Global Planet Change Section) 75: 283-3090. Miltner R.J., Rankin E.T., 1998, Primary nutrients and the biotic integrity of rivers and streams, Freshwater Biol 40:145-158. Miranda L.E., 2008, Extending the Scale of Reservoir Management, [in:]: Allen M., Sammons S. (eds.), Balancing fisheries management and water uses for impounded river systems, Am. Fish. Soc. Symposium 62: 75-102. Moss B., 1980, Ecology of fresh

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Water Quality and Haematological Indices of Clarias gariepinus from Ogun River (Nigeria)

Pollution II. Causes and Effects, Butterworth and Co. (Publishers) Ltd., London. 11. Koning N. and Roos J. C., 1999 – The continued influence of organic pollution on water quality of the turbid Modder River, Water South Africa , 25, 3, 285-292. 12. Mandal A., Chakraborty S. and Lahiri P., 1986 – Hematological changes produced by lindane (gamma-HCH) in six species of birds, Toxicology , 40, 103-111. 13. Meybeck M. and Helmer R., 1989 – The quality of rivers: from pristine stage to global pollution, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeo

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Spatiotemporal bioaccumulation of lead, cadmium, zinc and copper metals in Lettuce Sea Ulva lactuca harvest in two Algerian west coasts

−64. Usero, J., Izquierdo, C., Morillo, J. & Gracia I. (2003). Heavy metals in fish ( Solea vulgaris , Anguilla anguilla and Liza aurata ) from salt marshes on the southern Atlantic coast of Spain. Environ. Int. , 29, 949−956. DOI: 10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00061-8. W.H.O. (1987). Global pollution and health results of related environmental monitoring . Global environment monitoring system. WHO, UNEP. Wong, M.H., Kowk, T.T. & Ho K.C. (1982). Heavy metals in Ulva lactuca collected within Tolo + Harbour, an almost land locked sea. Hydrobiological Bulletin

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