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Calculation Method of the Proposed Unemployment Gender Inequality Indicator

References Azmat, G., Guell, M., and Manning, A., 2004. Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries . London: Centre for Economic Performance. Bakas, D., and Papapetrou, E., 2014. Unemployment by Gender: Evidence from EU Countries. International Advances in Economic Research, 20 (1), 103-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11294-013-9423-2 Bandiera, O., and Natraj, A., 2013. Does Gender Inequality Hinder Development and Economic Growth? Evidence and Policy Implications . http://dx.doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-6369 Baussola, M

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Religion and gender inequality: The status of women in the societies of world religions

(1991): Chhattisgarh Government. Official Website of Government Of Chhattisgarh [online]. [cit. 02.02.2013]. Available at: URL: http://cg.gov.in/development/cdevelopment.htm Census of India (2001) [online]. [cit. 02.02.2013]. Available at: URL: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001 Census of India (2011) [online]. [cit. 03.02.2013]. Available at: URL: http://www.census2011.co.in . CHAUDHURI, S. (2013): A Life Course Model of Human Rights Realization, Female Empowerment, and Gender Inequality in India. World Development, 52: 55

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The State of Gender Inequality in India

Gandhi, Rajat. 2015. “Women in Business: Can P2P Lending Bridge Gender Gap in Access to Capital”. The Times of India. June 19. International Labour Organization. 2014. Global Employment Trends 2014: Risk of Jobless Recovery Zimmerman, Jamie; Tosh, Nicole and Nick McClellan. 2012. Map: What Countries Have the Worst Gender Gaps? Slate. March 6. Kabir, Naila. 2014. What Works in Reducing Gender Inequality. Available: https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/what-works-in-reducing-gender-inequality

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Simpson’s Paradox in the interpretation of “leaky pipeline” data

-16479 [9] Norton, H. J. & Divine, G. (2015). Simpson’s paradox…and how to avoid it. Significance, 12(4), 40-43 [10] Pearl, J. (2014). Comment: Understanding Simpson’s Paradox. The American Statistician, 68(1), 8-13 [11] Pearl, J. (2009). Causality. Cambridge University Press. [12] Shaik, F. & Fusulier, B. (2015). Academic Careers and Gender Inequality: Leaky Pipeline and Interrelated Phenomena in Seven European Countries. http://garciaproject.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/GARCIA_working_paper_5.pdf (accessed October 15th

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Socio-Economic Implications of Female Inclusion in Organizational Structures and in Leadership Positions

have the skills to be scientists, Women in Leadership, The Guardian , September 24, 2015. DiMaggio, P. (1994), Culture and Economy, in: Neil Smelser and Richard Swedberg (eds.), The Handbook of Economic Sociology , Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, pp. 27–57. Dollar, D., Gatti R., (1999), Gender inequality, income, and growth: are good times good for women? . Vol. 1. Washington, DC: Development Research Group, The World Bank. Drucker, P. F. (1995), People and performance: The best of Peter Drucker on management , Routledge

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More Gender Equality, More Homogamy? A Cohort Comparison in Six European Countries

Countries: An Explanation of Differences in Openness Using Country-Level Explanatory Variables. American Sociological Review 63(2): 264–285. Treiman, Donald. 1970. Industrialization and Social Stratification. Sociological Inquiry 40(2): 207–234. Van Bavel, Jan. 2012. The Reversal of Gender Inequality in Education, Union Formation and Fertility in Europe. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 10: 127–154. Vermunt, Jeroen K. 1997. LEM 1.0: A General Program for the Analysis of Categorical Data . Tillburg: Tillburg University. Vincent

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The Role of Gender Policy in Turkish Vet System

Abstract

The article examines the evolution of gender policies in the field of vocational education in Turkey since the beginning of the 20th century up to the present. Schools for girls started to emerge in Turkey at the beginning of the republican era. Their aim was to teach students about gender roles consistent with the trend of modernization and westernization of the new Turkish state. The ideology of a modern conservative party ruling in the Republic of Turkey is based on the traditional role of women as home keepers, while the country’s legislative system undergoes changes that provide women with independency. This policy is full of contradictions, namely, changes in legislation are aimed at improving education and employment of women, while women are encouraged to remain housewives. Despite the fact that women received equal rights to education after the Law on Unification of Education was adopted in 1924, gender inequality is still an issue in modern Turkish society. There is a strong legal framework at the state level and executive authorities that provide girls and women with free access to education and promote learning. Statistical data show that the education system still has many unresolved issues concerning the learning opportunities of girls and their employment. According to recent statistics, a very small group of girls goes on to secondary education in the Republic of Turkey. In 2011, only 24% of girls completed their secondary education that is the lowest level in the countries of OESD. Amazingly low percentage of girls involved in secondary education system can be explained by two objective factors: socioeconomic status of girls′ families and gender discrimination. Vocational schools for girls are designed to resolve this issue.

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Women as Drivers for a Sustainable and Social Inclusive Development in Mountain Regions – The Case of the Austrian Alps

Abstract

Women in mountain regions play an important role regarding the agricultural production and ensuring sustainable livelihoods. Furthermore, they are active in climate change adaption and preservation of biodiversity. Despite these important activities and performances the vital role of women for a sustainable and social inclusive development in mountain regions is often invisible and not appreciated enough in society. There still exists structural discrimination of women which is caused by patriarchal societies, social and cultural norms as well as difficult economic situations. Considering the need to foster the dynamic and sustainable development of mountain regions all over the world, it is of paramount importance to reflect and integrate women’s issues, problems and needs to a larger extent in research, public policy and in worldwide decision-making agendas.

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Gender Inequalities in Health Over the Life Course. Attitudes Towards III-Health in Men and Women Treated for Childhood Cancer

Abstract

Gender inequalities in health may result from differences in health care utilisation. This paper reports, using an interactionist approach, health-related beliefs of men and women treated for cancer in childhood and living with increased health risks ever since. We observed that normative masculine traits are sometimes used to legitimise a reluctance to undergo medical surveillance. Overall, men tended to express a passive attitude towards ill-health, resulting in a gendered health vulnerability.

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Demand Drivers of Female Labor Force Participation: Evidence From Selected African Countries

-operation, 2014. [21] African Development Bank, Gender Profile of the Union of Comoros. Africa Development Fund, Abidjan, Cote D’ Ivoire, 2009 [22] D. N. GUJARATI, Basic Econometric, (4th Ed.) (The McGraw-Hill Companies. NewYork, 2004). [23] Engel, R. F., and Granger, C. W. J. Cointegration and error correction: Representation, estimation and testing , Econometrica, 55(2), 1987, 251-276 [24] World Bank, World Development Report 2012: Gender. The World Bank, Washington, DC, 2011. [25] Klasen, S. and Lamanna, F. The impact of gender

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