4. FRY, A. C., B. K. SCHILLING & L. W. WEISS, 2006. β2- Adrenergic Receptor Downregulation and Performance Decrements during High-intensity Resistance Exercise Overtraining. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 101(6): 1664-1672.
5. HALAŠOVÁ, N., 2011. Teória kanoistickej disciplíny kajak freestyle a didaktika jej základných figúr. Bratislava. Comenius University in Bratislava. Master thesis. Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Department of Outdoor sports and Swimming.
6. ICF, 2015. What is Canoe
It is important for swimmers to possess excellent turning skills, especially in distance swimming. Freestyle swimmers spend 20 to 38% of their time turning in short-course races and improving turning can decrease race time by at least 0.20 s per length ( Maglischo, 2003 , Slawson et al., 2011). The most difficult process in turn training is diagnosis because the turn is complex (i.e., it contains different parts and must be completed within a brief period of time). A thorough analysis on turns and practice enabled Chinese Olympic champion Sun
Fabiana Martinescu-Bădălan and Ramona-Elena Herman
In this paper we wanted to demonstrate that improving swimming performance, even over a short period of time, requires a centralized training program. The subjects of the research were checked on a distance of 50m freestyle before and after the application of the centralized training program, and the results were compared with those from the control group who did not benefit from the centralized training program, the latter ones having participated only in the classes of the approved syllabus. All the results from the research were interpreted objectively, the resulting figures being the actual support of this study. The tests and the program applied proved relevant in view of the purpose of this study
Swimming is a very important component of the military training. This can be proven by the fact that swimming is a beneficial sport for the human body because the joints are not tensed like in running, increases heart rate, but also stimulates blood circulation. At the same time, while swimming, absolutely all muscle groups are involved, which means automatically shaping them and, over time, increasing the body’s resistance.
The study found the following:
• students’ results at the 50 m freestyle swimming test are positively influenced if an additional training program is respected;
• additional physical training leads to improved performance.
Erkan Demirkan, Mehmet Kutlu, Mitat Koz, Mehmet Özal and Mike Favre
Abellán AM, Pallarés JG, Gullón JML, Otegui XM, Baños VM, Moreno AM. Anaerobic Factors to Predict Wrestling Performance. Cuadernos De Psicología Del Deporte, 2010; 10: 17-23
Baie M, Sertie H, Starosta W. Differences in Physical Fitness Levels Between The Classical and The Free Style Wrestlers. Kinesiology, 2007; 2:142-149
Cipriano NA. Technical-tactical analysis of freestyle wresling. J Strength Cond Res, 1993; 7: 133-140
Demirkan E, Kutlu M, Koz M. The Segmental Body Composition Comparison of Freestyle and Greco-Roman Style Wrestlers
Arkadiusz Stanula, Adam Maszczyk, Robert Roczniok, Przemysław Pietraszewski, Andrzej Ostrowski, Adam Zając and Marek Strzała
Adamczyk JG. The estimation of the rest test usefulness in monitoring the anaerobic capacity of sprinters in athletics. Polish Journal of Sport & Tourism , 2011; 18(3), 214.
Anderson M, Hopkins W, Roberts A, and Pyne D. Ability of test measures to predict competitive performance in elite swimmers. Journal of Sports Sciences , 2008; 26: 123-130.
Arellano R, Brown P, Cappaert J, and Nelson R. Analysis of 50-m, 100-m and 200-m Freestyle swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games
Amador García-Ramos, Katja Tomazin, Belén Feriche, Vojko Strojnik, Blanca de la Fuente, Javier Argüelles-Cienfuegos, Boro Strumbelj and Igor Štirn
mean FPS value of the study sample was 709.6 ± 71.1. All participants were informed of the procedures to be utilized and signed a written informed consent form prior to investigation. For swimmers under 18 years old, consent was obtained from their legal guardians. The study protocol adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the University of Granada Institutional Review Board.
A correlation study was designed to examine the relationship between different dry land strength and power tests and freestyle track start
-, and 200-m Freestyle Swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games. J Appl Biomech, 1994; 10(2): 189-199.
Craig A, Skehan P, Pawelczyk J, Boomer W. Velocity, stroke rate, and distance per stroke during elite swimming competition. Med Sci Sport Exer, 1985; 17(6): 625-634.
Chollet D, Chalies S, Chatard JC. A new index of coordination for the crawl: description and usefulness. Int J Sports Med, 2000; 21(1): 54-59.
Chollet D, Pelayo P, Delaplace C, Tourny C, Sidney M. Stroking characteristic variations in
in a study of male 50 m freestyle swimmers in a local championship ( Hlavaty, 2010 ). Finally, focusing on the evolution of size and shape in swimming, Charles and Bejan (2008) analyzed the data of men’s world records for 100 m freestyle from 1912 to 2009 revealing proportionality between body height and speed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate in a much broader context the relationship between body height and performance in elite swimmers by means of data from men and women medalists in 50 and 100 m freestyle swimming. An overall view of the data
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, Pedro A. López-Miñarro and José M. Muyor
Arellano R, Brown P, Cappaert J, Nelson RC. Analysis of 50-, 100-, and 200-m freestyle swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games. J Appl Biomech , 1994; 10: 189-199
Craig AB, Pendergast DR. Relationships of the stroke rate, distance per stroke, and velocity in competitive swimming. Med Sci Sport Exer , 1979; 11: 278-283
Craig AB, Skehan PL, Pawelczyk JA, Boomer WL. Velocity, stroke rate, and distance per stroke during elite swimming competition. Med Sci Sport Exer , 1985; 17: 625