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In Romania, a semi-presidential system characterized by an exaltation of the powers of the President of the Republic, there would be critical observations to be reported in relation to this institution. More precisely, it refers to the constitutional provisions which weaken the President among the political institutions and could also lead to different interpretations. First of all, the paper examines the President as popularly elected body but that does not reflect fully the will of the nation. Secondly, its oath violated the freedom of religion and if the wording will not be changed, will continue to constitute a discrimination against other non Orthodox President that could be elected. Moreover, the Romanian legal system is characterized by an independence of the President in its relationship with the Parliament but on the one hand, that does not mean that the President is more powerful in the event of dissolution of the Parliament and the other hand, the Parliament is completely independent in determining its competences in relations with the office of the Presidency.
Human rights were analyzed and described in many writings from older times. If we consider their fame and historical value, most important ones are: Great Charter of Freedoms (Magna Carta Libertatum) of 1215, the Law on Rights (Bill of Rights) of 1689, the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America (1776) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789).
In Chapter 1 of Magna Carta was described the freedom of religion – it established the freedom of the English church from state interference.
Today, implementation of this principle, challenges the communities to examine the part they might play in the development of a liberal democracy and to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem in internal and international relations.
The restitution of the expropriated congregational properties – concretely of the Islamic Community of Macedonia remains open and can reflect the level of respect of human rights in general and religious and property rights in particular.
The aim of this paper is to bring some facts on actual situation regarding the implementation of religious and related rights and discuss the way this principle has found its implementation in Macedonian legislations.
Also this paper will seek to identify the problems that occur regarding these rights.
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and religious support for ICD ( Figel, 2007 ). Following an ombudsman’s report on the complaint about unwarranted religious privilege in the European Humanist Federation (EHF) in 2011, the Council of Foreign Affairs published guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedomofreligion, or belief, in EU external relations. These include reference to the freedom from religion and the freedom to change religion and an explicit statement as to the secular neutrality of the European Parliament and, by implication, the EU itself.
The idea of secular neutrality is
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of Toledo , 1 Ohio St. 622 (1853). access to the courts (5); Corfield , 4 Wash C.C. 371; Robb, 15 Ohio 689 (1846); Heighway , 15 Ohio 735 (1846); Phelps , 9 Wis. 70 (1859); Evans , 1 Ohio St. 437(1853). the right to a trial by jury (4); Frost v. Brown, 2 Bay 133 (1798); Zylstra , 1 Bay 382 (S.C. 1794); Green , 21 U.S. 1 (1823); Barker , 3 Cow. 686 (1824). the right to vote (3); Corfield , 4 Wash C.C. 371; Barker , 3 Cow. 686 (1824); Evans , 1 Ohio St. 437 (1853). freedomofreligion (1); Barker , 3 Cow. 686 (1824). the right to petition for redress of