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Comparing two distance measures in the spatial mapping of food deserts: The case of Petržalka, Slovakia

–35. SMOYER-TOMIC, K., SPENCE, J., AMRHEIN, C. (2006): Food deserts in the Prairies? Supermarket accessibility and neighborhood need in Edmonton, Canada. The Professional Geographer, 58(3): 307–326. SPARKS, A., BANIA, N., LEETE, L. (2011): Comparative Approaches to Measuring Food Access in Urban Areas The Case of Portland, Oregon. Urban Studies, 48(8): 1715–1737. SPIŠIAK, P. (1994): Alimentary facilities of Petržalka. Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Geographica, 34(1): 23–32. ŠVEDA, M., PODOLÁK, P. (2014): Fenomén neúplnej

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Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Abstract

This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Informed by the sustainable rural livelihood framework, descriptive statistics were used to describe rural households’ livelihood strategies and challenges they faced while inferential statistics was employed to explain households’ food security situations with different livelihood combinations. While mixed farming was found to be the mainstay of the household economy, small-scale irrigation and extracting forest products were also used as supplementary economic activities. More than a half of the respondents (52.5%) reported at least one non-farm activity. Land shortage was identified as a major constraint to expand crop production and this was further aggravated by the activities (e.g. querying leading to displacement) of the Derba Cement Factory. This further affected household labor allocation and natural resources utilization. The result of household food (in) security access scale indicated that 59% of the respondents have experienced food access insecurity in 2016. However, respondents who combined agriculture and non-farm activities appeared relatively more food secure than those engaged in agriculture alone or in non-farm activity only. Overall, households with multiple livelihood strategies had diverse food entitlements to maintain sustainable food consumption. Yet, necessity induced diversification was found to affect food access security of households. This calls for inclusive policies and strategies that integrate rural non-farm activities to subsistence farming in order to assure sustainable livelihood in rural communities.

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Diet and society in Poland before the state: stable isotope evidence from a Wielbark population (2nd c. AD)

Abstract

The 1st-4th c. AD Wielbark culture of Eastern Europe is relatively understudied bioarchaeologically due to the fragmentary nature of its cemeteries. Here, we report the first stable isotope analysis of Wielbark diet using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures from both collagen and carbonate of 30 individuals from Rogowo, a 2nd c. Wielbark cemetery in North-Central Poland. Diet at Rogowo was primarily based on terrestrial foods and included millet, a C4 plant cultivated by many Slavic populations in Europe. Anadromous fish likely supplemented the diet, which is clarified when considering collagen and carbonate data in tandem. Stable isotope differences between the sexes indicate that men and women may have consumed different foods, although there is a possibility that women immigrated to Rogowo from an isotopically different region of Europe. No significant differences are noted in δ13C or δ15N of women with and without grave goods, suggesting little social differentiation within the Wielbark culture, at least in terms of daily food access. Reconstructing human diet in Europe through stable isotope analysis is problematic because of the relative isotopic homogeneity in this region of the world. This study further demonstrates the utility of using both carbonate and collagen stable isotope data in tandem to reconstruct past European diet.

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Report on the first year of applying initial assessment of nutritional status in hospital inpatients

;102:571-5. 8. Singh H, Watt K, Veitch R, et al. Malnutrition is prevalent in hospitalized medical patients: are housestaff identifying the malnourished patient? Nutrition 2006;22:350-4. 9. Naithani S, Thomas JE, Whelan K, Morgan M, Gulliford MC. Experiences of food access in hospital. A new questionnaire measure. Clin Nutr. 2009;28:625-30. 10. Agarwal E, Ferguson M, Banks M, et al. Nutritional status and dietary intake of acute care patients: results from the Nutrition Care Day Survey 2010. Clin Nutr. 2012;31:41-7. 11. Pertkiewicz M. Niedożywienie i jego

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A Nutritional Analysis of the Food Basket in BIH: A Linear Programming Approach

REFERENCES Anderson, A.S., Dewar, J., Marshall, D., Cummins, S., Taylor, M., Dawson, J. and Sparks, L., 2007. The development of a healthy eating indicator shopping basket tool (HEISB) for use in food access studies—identification of key food items. Public health nutrition, 10(12), pp.1440-1447. Darmon, N., Ferguson, E.L. and Briend, A., 2002. A cost constraint alone has adverse effects on food selection and nutrient density: an analysis of human diets by linear programming. The Journal of nutrition, 132(12), pp.3764-3771. Darmon, N., Ferguson

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Consumers’ willingness to pay for safe buka foods: A case study of workers in Nigeria tertiary institutions

–28 September 2005. Wong S., Yuen K. Y. (2006): Avian influenza virus infections in humans. Chest129: 156–168. World Health Organization (WHO) (2002): Global Strategy for Food Safety. WHO Geneva. World Health Organization (WHO) (2010): Prevention of foodborne disease: Five keys to safer food. Accessed online July 1, 2016 from www.who.int/foodsafety/consumer/5keys on 2014-11-10. Yang D., Dane G., Timmermans H. (2013): Mixture-amount experiments for measuring consumer preferences of energy-saving adaptation strategies: principles and illustration. In

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Evaluation of winter food quality and its variability for red deer in forest environment: overwintering enclosures vs. free-ranging areas

References AOAC, 1984: Official methods of analysis. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington. Appleby, M. C., 1980: Social rank and food access in red deer stags. Behaviour, 74:294–309. Apollonio, M., Andersen, R., Putman R. (eds.), 2010: European Ungulates and Their Management in the 21 st Century. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Asada, M., Ochiai, K., 1999: Nitrogen content in feces and the diet of Sika deer on the Bose Peninsula, central Japan. Ecological Research, 14:249–253. Barnes, R. J., Dhanoa, M

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Electronic Waste in China, Japan, and Vietnam: A Comparative Analysis of Waste Management Strategies

& Guardian Africa, 3 March 2015, http://mgafrica.com/article/2015-03-03-mobile-come-first-in-africa-before-electricity-water-toilets-or-even-food, accessed 29 July 2015 Nguyen, Duc-Quang, Eiji Yamasue, Hideyuki Okumura, and Keiichi N. Ishihara. “Use and Disposal of Large Home Electronic Appliances in Vietnam.” In Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 11/4, 2009, pp. 358-366 Ni, Hong-Gang and Eddy Y. Zeng. “Law Enforcement and Global Collaboration are the Keys to Containing E-Waste Tsunami in China.” In Environmental Science

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Food and non-food retail change in a post-communist country:A case study of the Gemer region in Slovakia

deserts: low-income perspectives on food access in Minnesota and Iowa. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior , 41(3), 176–187. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2008.06.008 . Spilková, J. (2008). Changing face of the Czech retailing in post-communist transformation: Risks of extreme polarisation under globalisation pressures. Dostál, P. editor. Evolution of geographical systems and risk processes in the global context . Prague: P3K, 157–171. Spilková, J. (2012). The birth of the Czech mall enthusiast: the transition of shopping habits from

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Net food production of different livestock: A national analysis for Austria including relative occupation of different land categories / Netto-Lebensmittelproduktion der Nutztierhaltung: Eine nationale Analyse für Österreich inklusive relativer Flächenbeanspruchung

. Accessed on 16 December 2015. USDA 2016 National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28 https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods Accessed on 16 December 2015 Van Kernebeek, H.R.J., Oosting, S.J., Van Ittersum, M.K., Bikker, P. and I.J.M. De Boer (2016): Saving land to feed a growing populations: Consequences for consumption of crop and livestock products. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 21, 677–687. 10.1007/s11367-015-0923-6 Van Kernebeek H.R.J. Oosting S.J. Van Ittersum M.K. Bikker P. De Boer I.J.M. 2016 Saving

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