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References Acsádi G, Nemeskéri J. 1970. History of Human Life Span and Mortality. Budapest: Akademiai Kiado. Angel JL. 1982. A new measure of growth efficiency: skull base heigh. Am J Phys Anthropol 58:297-305. Bailit HL, Workman PL, Niswander JD, MacLean CJ. 1970. Dental asymmetry as an indicator of genetic and environmental conditions in human populations. Hum Biol 42:626-38. Bates TC. 2007. Fluctuating asymmetry and intelligence. Intelligence 35:41-46. Berry AC, Berry RJ. 1967. Epigenetic variation in the human cranium. J Anat 2:361-79. Buikstra J, Ubelaker DH

, Sciulli PW, Nelson RJ. 2004. Fluctuating asymmetry predicts human reactive aggression. Am J Hum Biol 16:458-69. Brown WM, Price ME, Kang J, Pound N, Zhao Y, Yu H. 2008. Fluctuating asymmetry and preferences or sex-typical bodily characteristics. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:12938-43. Christiansen K. 1991. Sex hormone levels, diet, alcohol consumption in Namibian Kavango males. Homo 42:43-62. Christiansen K.1992. Serum and saliva sex hormone levels in !Kung San men. Am J Phys Anthrop 86:37-44. Christiansen K, Winkler EM. 1992. Hormonal, anthropometrical and behavioral

– Heavy metals in water, suspended particles and sediment of the upper-mid region of Tigris River, Iraq – In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Environmental Pollution Control and Waste Management, 7-10 January 2002, Tunis: 97-102. Allenbach D.M. 2011- Fluctuating asymmetry and exogenous stress in fishes: a review – Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 21: 355-376. Allenbach D.M., Sullivan K.B., Lydy M.J. 1999 – Higher fluctuating asymmetry as a measure of susceptibility to pesticides in fishes – Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 899-905. Ambo-Rappe R., Lajus D.L., Schreider M

Abstract

The article presents the results of the study on nuclear damages or injuries of red blood cells (RBCs) and asymmetry of meristic characters of the European perch (Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus 1758) that lives in small and medium rivers of Rivne Region. The research has found that the species representatives living in the small rivers demonstrated worse cytogenetic homeostasis indicators compared to the fish from the medium rivers: the lowest frequency of P. fluviatilis’ nuclear damages appeared to be 4.25 times higher for the individuals living in the small rivers given the noticeable excess of spontaneous mutations by average damage frequency. Fish morphological homeostasis demonstrates a tendency to injuries in small rivers as well. The functional relationships between the studied parameters which have been established by the author were “close” for the fish from the small rivers and primary “moderate” for the fish from the medium rivers. It is concluded that the enhanced activity of the stressors existing in the water environment affects the physiological state of the P. fluviatilis species.

by female red jungle fowl: the issues of multiple ornaments and fluctuating asymmetry. Anim. Behav., 55: 41-50. Mc Gary S., Estevez I., Bakst M.R., Pollock D.L. (2002). Phenotypic traits as reliable indicators of fertility in male broiler breeders. Poult. Sci., 81: 102-111. Mc Gary S., Estevez I., Bakst M.R. (2003 a). Potential relationships between physical traits and male broiler breeder fertility. Poult. Sci., 82: 328-337. Mc Gary S., Estevez I., Russek - Cohen E. (2003b). Reproductive and aggressive behavior in male broiler breeders with varying fertility

mallards ( Anas platyrhynchos ). Can. J. Zool. 66 : 1597-1602. Leary, R. L. and Allendorf, F. W., 1989: Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: Implications for conservation biology. Tree 4 (7): 214-217. Leopold, A. S., 1953: Intestinal morphology of gallinaceus birds in relation to foods habits. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 17 : 197-203. McLelland, J., 1979: Digestive system. In Form and Function in Birds , pp. 69-181 [A. S. King and J. McLelland, editors]. London: Academic Press. McLelland, J., 1989: Anatomy of the avian caecum. Journal of Experimental Zoology

on developmental instability in leaves of Acer platanoides (Aceracae) and Betula pendula (Betulacae). Amer. J. Bot. 90: 1107-1112. Cowart N. M. & Graham J. H. 1999. Within- and amongindividual variation in fluctuating asymmetry of leaves in the fig ( Ficus carica L.). Inter. J. Plant Sci. 160: 116-121. Danielewicz W. 1993. Morfologiczna zmienność liści, owoców i łusek owocowych brzozy karpackiej ( Betula carpatica Waldst. et Kit.) w Polsce. Rocz. Dendr. 41: 33-52. Danielewicz W. & Maciejewska I. 1994. Zmienność wybranych cech morfologicznych brzóz z

(Eds) A. H. Abuzinada, H. J. Barth, F. Krupp, B. Böer, T. Z. Al Abdessalaam, Birkhauser, Basel: 57-92. Leary R. F., Allendrof F. W. 1989 - Fluctuating asymmetry as an indicator of stress: Implications for conservation biology - Trends Ecol. Evol. 4: 214-217. Moller A. P., Pomiankowski A. 1993 - Puntuated equilibria or gradual evolution: fluctuating asymmetry and variation in the rate of evolution - J. Theor. Biol. 161: 359-367. Palmer A. R., Strobeck C. 1986 - Fluctuating asymmetry: measurements, analysis, pattern - Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 17: 391-421. Tolosa I., De

wing symmetry in honeybees (Apis mellifera). Evolution, 30, 100-108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1976.tb00886.x Clarke, G. M., Brand, G. W., & Whitten, M. J. (1986). Fluctuating asymmetry: A technique for measuring developmental stress caused by inbreeding. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 39, 145-153. https://doi.org/10.1071/BI9860145 Cobey, S. W., Tarpy, D. R., & Woyke, J. (2013). Standard methods for instrumental insemination of Apis mellifera queens. Journal of Apicultural Research, 52, 1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.3896/IBRA.1.52.4.09 Corby

References Absauomov TM. et al. Kontraktionsgeschwin-digkeit von Muskeln und ihre Veranderung im sportlichen Training, in Leistungssport, 1976. 1: 58-61. Al-Eisa E, Egan D, Wassersug R. Fluctuating asymmetry and low back pain. Evol Hum Behav, 2004. 25: 31-37. Alexander M. The footwork pattern in the push stroke. Counterattack, 1983. 3 (1): 14-18 Alho A, Husby T, Hoiseth A. Bone mineral content and mechanical strength: an ex vivo study on human femora at autopsy. Clin Orthop Relat Res, 1986. 227: 292-297. Auerbach BM, Ruff CB. Limb bone bilateral asymmetry