1. M. B ischoff , K.U. B letzinger K.U., Improving stability and accuracy of Reissner-Mindlin plate finiteelements via algebraic subgird scale stabilization, Comp. Meth. Appl. Mech. Engrg., 193 , 1517–1528, 2004
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3. K.U. B letzinger , M. B ischoff , E. R amm , A unified approach for shear-locking free triangular and rectangular shell finite
A. P. Ledyaev, V. N. Kavkazsky, T. V. Ivanes and A. V. Benin
temporary support parameters in Sochi tunnels. Transportation Geotechnics and Geoecology, TGG 2017, 17-19 May 2017, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
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 BENIN, A. V.: The FiniteElements Simulation of Degradation Processes in Reinforced Concrete Structures (In Russian). Industrial and Civil Engineering, 5, 2011, pp. 16–20.
1. M. Łagoda, Element strengthening by stressed composite strip, an example of experimental investigation, Archives of Civil Engineering, L, 4, 599-623, 2004.
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MITC shell elements, Comp. Struct., 75, 1-30, 2000.
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L. Kopenetz, A. Cătărig and Mihaela Teodora Ghemiş
In the case of light structures membrane type the form is confused with the structure and vice versa. Thus the analysis process, non-linear type, the one for form finding is also a means of optimizing these structures. To respect the natural principle of minimum it is advisable that the structure’s shape is similar to the minimum surface area. The numerical problem solving is based on using finite elements with constant strain of soap film. Based on these considerations, the paper presents aspects of determining the shape of the membrane structure using finite elements of soap film.
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7. K. Boukir, Y. Maday, B. Mfietivet and E. Razanfindrakoto, A high-order characteristics/finite element method for the incompressible Navier Stokes equations, International Journal on Numerical Methods in Fluids, vol. 25, pp. 1421-1454, 1997.
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Ayoub Ayadi, Kamel Meftah, Lakhdar Sedira and Hossam Djahara
structural analysis”, in Proceedings of the ASCE Symposium on Application of Finite Element Methods in Civil Engineering , Vanderbilt University, 1969, pp. 419-456.
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Janina Zaczek-Peplinska, Paweł Popielski, Adam Kasprzak and Paweł Wójcik
The paper presents control periodic measurements of movements and survey of concrete dam on Dunajec River in Rożnów, Poland. Topographical survey was conducted using laser scanning technique. The goal of survey was data collection and creation of a geometrical model. Acquired cross- and horizontal sections were utilised to create a numerical model of object behaviour at various load depending of changing level of water in reservoir. Modelling was accomplished using finite elements technique. During the project an assessment was conducted to terrestrial laser scanning techniques for such type of research of large hydrotechnical objects such as gravitational water dams. Developed model can be used to define deformations and displacement prognosis.
Stefan Berczyński, Daniel Grochała and Zenon Grządziel
The article presents a simulation of metal hardness determination by the Rockwell method. The authors describe a physical model of an indenter and the examined sample built by means of the Nastran FX 2010 program using the finite elements method. The modelling included subsequent stages of indenter loads that follow the procedure used in the method. The verifying calculations were made for the results of C45 steel hardness of approx. 20 HRC. Two methods of hardness measurements were analyzed. A diamond cone was used as an indenting tool in one method, a steel ball in the other. As a result of calculations, spatial maps of elastic and plastic strains and stresses were obtained throughout the process. The hardness results obtained from computer simulations and those from experiments involving C45 steel are similar.
Niccolò Dal Santo, Simone Deparis and Andrea Manzoni
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