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-induced colitis in domestic cats Vet Pathol 2005 42 797 804 60 Yang N., Cui X., Qian W., Yu S., Liu Q.: Survey of nine abortifacient infectious agents in aborted bovine fetuses from dairy farms in Beijing, China, by PCR. Acta Vet Hung 2012, 60, 83–92. Yang N. Cui X. Qian W. Yu S. Liu Q. Survey of nine abortifacient infectious agents in aborted bovine fetuses from dairy farms in Beijing, China, by PCR Acta Vet Hung 2012 60 83 92 61 Yao C., Bardsley K., Litzman E., Hall M., Davidson M.: Tritrichomonas foetus infection in beef bull populations in Wyoming. J Bacteriol

). Compartmentalization of the developing trigeminal ganglion into maxillary and mandibular divisions does not depend on target contact. J Anat. 195(1), 137-145 6. Wu L., Zhang H., Liao L., Dadihan T., Wang X. & Kerem G. (2013). Trigeminal ganglion morphology in human fetus. Microsc. Res. Tech. , 7. R ouvière H. (1981). Anatomie humaine. Tome 1. Tete et cou . Paris 8. Kehrli P., Maillot C. & Wolff M.J. (1997). Anatomy and embryology of the trigeminal nerve and its branches in the parasellar area.

Introduction Amorphus globosus (ag) foetuses are rarely reported in domestic animals, but the majority of recently documented cases were found in cattle, as well as in goats, sheep, and buffaloes ( 1 , 5 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 16 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 ). The customary name amorphus globosus describes the shape of the foetus and the absence of clear differentiation of phenotypic body parts. The lack of an independent circulatory system expressed in the Latin name acardius amorphus is a characteristic feature of the defect

Diagn Ther. 2000, 15(6), 355-358 7. Respondek-Liberska M, Jarosik K, Janiak K, Sysa A, Kowalska-Koprek U,Wilczyński J, Stańczyk J. Outcome Offetuses with Tachyarrhythmias >200/ min - Bicenter Łódź Study. Polish Journal of Cardiology, 2006, 8(1), 35-39 8. Patel D, Cuneo B, Viesca R, Rassanan J, Leshko J, Huhta J. Digoxin for the Treatment of Fetal Congestive Heart Failure with Sinus Rhythm Assessed by Cardiovascular Profile Score. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 2008, 21 (7): 477-82 9. Radzymińska-Chruściel B, Respondek-Liberska M. Monitoring of Fetus

References 1. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG practice bulletin 134: Fetal growth restriction. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;121(5):1122-1133. 2. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Publications Committee, Berkley E, Chauhan SP, Abuhamad A. Doppler assessment of the fetus with intrauterine growth restriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012;206(4):300-308. 3. Baschat AA. Doppler application in the delivery timing of the preterm growth-restricted fetus: Another step in the right direction. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2004;23(2):111-118. doi: 10.1002/uog

Abstract

Prenatal gross morphologic, morphometric and histologic developmental features of the dromedary spleen were studied. The dromedary gestation period (13 months) was categorized into four (1-4) phases and ten developing spleens per growth phase were sampled. Splenic topographical anatomy was noted before being eviscerated from each foetus. Morphologic and morphometric features of the eviscerated spleens were immediately documented and 2 – 4 mm thick samples were collected for histological analysis. The developing spleen was dark brown in colour, semilunar shaped and significantly increased (p<0.05) in size and weight across the four phases of prenatal development. The full-term dromedary spleen was observed to have unique histological features. Its capsule had an inner smooth muscle and an outer predominant connective tissue layer. The pumping of stored blood from the muscular capsule and trabeculae was proportionate to the body’s requirement. The splenic venous return was characterized by blood flow from the red pulp (venous sinusoids) to the peritrabecular sinuses, subcapsular sinuses and finally to the splenic veins. The dromedary has a sinusal type of spleen and has both open and closed types of circulation. The presence of closed circulation and absence of marginal sinus could be the reason for dromedary main health problems of blood parasites; Trypanosoma evansi. It was concluded that most of the salient features of the postnatal spleen were already evident in the first growth phase and became developed by the second phase. Other growth phases were mainly characterized by increase in sizes.

References Acevedo J., Aguayo-Lobo A., Torres D. Fetus presentation and time taken for parturition in Antarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus gazella, at Cape Shirreff, Antarctica // Polar Biology. - 2008. - 31 . - P. 1137-1141. Baker J. R., Martin A. R. Causes of mortality and parasites and incidental lesions in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from British waters // The Veterinary Record. - 1992. - 130 , N 25. - P. 554-558. Blanchet M.-A., Wahlberg M., Ishigami T. First observation of the parturition and peripartum events in a harbor porpoise ( Phocoena

IgG in normal and pathologic states. Blood. 1980; 55(1):48-54. 5. Contreras M. Cellular antigens as immunogens in blood transfusion and pregnancy, in: Immunogenetic aspects of blood transfusion and bone marrowtransplantation Proceedings of the European School of Transfusion Medicine. 1998: 10-5. 6. Greer JP, Foester J, Lukens JN, Rodgers GM, Paraskevas F, Glader BE. Alloimmnune hemilitic disease of the fetus and newborn, Wintrobe’s Clinical Hematology, 11th ed., Philadelphia, PA: Lippincot, Williams & Wilkins, 2004. 7. Chavez GF, Mulinare J, Edmonds LD. Epidemiology

, an exception to this rule is when the patient is considered as a potential organ donor [ 1 ]. There is another, exceptionally rare and not well-defined exception, and that is when the patient is a pregnant woman, and consequently, the life of a foetus is directly dependent on maintaining the mother’s biological functions. Lacking any clear legal instructions or medical guidelines, based on the available medical literature, it seems that maintaining the mother’s life functions [ 2 , 3 , 4 ] to attempt to save a child can be both medically and ethically justifiable

uptake inhibitors. Teratology 46 : 367–78. Talge NM, Neal C, Glover V. Antenatal maternal stress and long-term effects on child neurodevelopment: how and why? J Child Psychol Psychiatry 48 : 245–61. Thormahlen GM. (2006). Paroxetine use during pregnancy: is it safe? Ann Pharmacother 40 : 1834–7. Van den Bergh BRH, Mulder EJH, Mennes M, Glover V. (2005). Antenatal maternal anxiety and stress and the neurobehavioural development of the fetus and child: links and possible mechanisms. A review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 29 : 237–58. Whitaker-Azmitia PM. (1991). Role of