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-linolenic acid and linoleic acid in the diet and not by their ratio. Am J Clin Nutr 2006, 84 , 44-53. 11. Helland I., Smith L., Saarem K., Saugstad O., Drevon C.: Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augemnts children’s IQ at 4 years of age. Pediatrics 2003, 111 , 39-44. 12. Jóźwik A., Strzałkowska N., Bagnicka E., Poławska E., Horbańczuk J.O.: The effect of feeding linseed cake on milk yield and fatty acid profile in goats. Anim Sci Pap Rep 2010, 28 , 245-251. 13. Jóźwik A., Bagnicka E, Strzałkowska N., Śliwa-Jóźwik A

. (2005). A comparison of the proximate compositions and fatty acid profiles of zander (Sander lucioperca) from two different regions and climatic conditions. Food Chem., 92: 637-641. Chytiri S., Chouliara I., Savvaidis I., Kontominas M. (2004). Microbiological. chemi­cal and sensory assessment of iced whole and filleted aquacultured rainbow trout. Food Microbiol., 21: 157-165. Ciereszko A., Ocalewicz K. (2007). A Time for Trout. Academia, 1: 20-23. Clydesdale F. (1976). Instrumental techniques for color measurement of foods. Food Technol., 30. Commission Implementing

- ki T., Rybak K., Poławska E., Garczewska J. (2013). The effect of amaranth seed added to the standard diet upon selected meat quality traits in the quail. Anim. Sci. Pap. Rep., 31: 355-362. Jankowski J., Zduńczyk Z., Mikulski D., Juśkiewicz J., Naczmański J., Pomia- nowski J.F., Zduńczyk P. (2012). Fatty acid profile, oxidative stability, and sensory properties of breast meat from turkeys fed diets withadifferent n-6/n-3 PUFAratio. Eur. J. Lipid Sci. Technol., 114: 1025-1035. Juśkiewicz J., Jankowski J., Zduńczyk Z., Kołodziejczyk K., Mikulski D., Zduńczyk P. (2015

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The impact of supplementation of vitamin E or organic selenium in DDGS (dried distillers grains with solubles) diet on fatty acid composition in two meat cuts of finishing Holstein bulls was investigated. Twenty-four Holstein bulls were allotted to treatments in three groups of eight bulls per group for a 100-day trial. The treatments were adequate Se and vitamin E supplementation in control group (C), supranutritional vitamin E supplementation in vitamin Group E (E), supranutritional Se supplementation in selenium group (Se). At similar age, slaughtering Group C had higher slaughter/carcass weight and EUROP fat score than Se counterparts. The killing out percentage and proximate composition of muscles differed among treatments. Inclusion of the vitamin E or Se supplement led to expected increases (P < 0.05) in vitamin E and Se contents of the brisket and loin. Higher vitamin E concentration caused significant lower SFA and greater PUFA. Higher Se level influenced significant SFA in brisket and PUFA in both muscles. Vitamin E or Se dietary treatments in DDGS-supplemented diet resulted in beef meat cuts considerably beneficial PUFA/SFA but markedly higher n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio and even higher health index in both meat samples opposite to Group C.

References Almasi A., Andrassyne B.G., Milisits G., Kustosne P.O., Suto Z. (2015). Effects of different rearing systems on muscle and meat quality traits of slow- and medium-growing male chickens. Brit. Poultry Sci., 56: 320–324. Arakawa K., Sagai M. (1986). Species differences in lipid peroxide levels in lung tissue and investigation of their determining factors. Lipids, 21: 769–775. Batkowska J., Brodacki A., Grodzicki T. (2011). Chemical composition and fatty acid profile in meat of slaughter turkey females, managed in an extensive system (in Polish). Rocz

activities in the rat liver microsomes. Biochim. Biophys. Acta., 489: 397–402. Oliveira D.D., Baião N.C., Cançado S.V., Grimaldi R., Souza M.R., Lara L.J., Lana A.M. (2010). Effects of lipid sources in the diet of laying hens on the fatty acid profiles of egg yolks. Poultry Sci., 89: 2484–2490. Park Y., Storkson J.M., Ntambi J.M., Cook M.E., Sih C.J., Pariza M.W. (2000). Inhibition of hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase activity by trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid and its derivatives. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1486: 285–292. Pisulewski P.M. (2005). Nutritional potential

References Abramoff M.D., Magelhaes P.J., Ram S.J. (2004). Image Processing with ImageJ. Bioph. Inter., 11: 36–42. Abu-Ghazaleh A.A., Schingoethe D.J., Hippen A.R., Kalscheur K.F., Whitlock L.A. (2002). Fatty acid profiles of milk and rumen digesta from cows fed fish oil, extruded soybeans or their blend. J. Dairy Sci., 85: 2266–2276. Akers R.M. (2002). Lactation and the mammary gland. Iowa, USA, Wiley-Blackwell, 1st ed., 278 pp. Akers R.M., Nickerson S.C. (1983). Effect of prepartum blockade of microtubule formation on milk production and biochemical

., 2009; Owusu-Asiedu et al., 2010 ). Owing to the high amounts of fiber, the increase in DDGS demands an increase in dietary fat addition in the diet to keep the energy level constant ( Thacker and Widyaratne, 2007; Schedle et al., 2010a ). As the dietary fatty acid profile has a strong impact on energy, nitrogen, and fatty acid deposition in broiler chickens (Crespo and Esteve-Garcia, 2002), nutrient utilization as well as meat quality may be affected by increasing DDGS contents in broiler diets. In this context, a study was conducted to determine the applicability of