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Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Serum Glucose and Lipid Profile Among Algerian Type 2 Diabetes Patients

References 1. Trepanowski JF, Bloomer RJ. The impact of religious fasting on human health. Nutr J 9:57, 2010. 2. Hui E, Devendra D. Diabetes and fasting during Ramadan. Diabetes Metab Res Rev 26: 606-610, 2010. 3. Benaji B, Mounib N, Roky R et al. Diabetes and Ramadan: review of the literature. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 73(2):117-125, 2006. 4. Khaled MB, Belbraouet S. Ramadan fasting diet entailed a lipid metabolic disorder among type 2 diabetic obese women. Am J Appl Sci 6: 471-477, 2009

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Effects of Ramadan Fasting on Body Composition, Aerobic Performance and Lactate, Heart Rate and Perceptual Responses in Young Soccer Players

References Afifi ZEM. Daily practices, study performance and health during the Ramadan fast. JR Soc Health, 1997; 117: 231-235 Bigard AX, Boussif M, Chalabi H, Guezennec CY. Alterations in muscular performance and orthostatic tolerance during Ramadan. Aviat Space Envir Md, 1998; 69: 341-346 Bogdan A, Bouchareb B, Touitou Y. Ramadan fasting alters endocrine and neuroendocrine circadian patterns. Meal-time as a synchronizer in humans? Life Sci, 2001; 68: 1607

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Are There Any Substantial Differences in the Anthropometric and Metabolic Profile Between Patients with Impaired Fasting Glycemia and Impaired Glucose Tolerance ?

-36, 2006. 4. Lorenzo C, Hartnett S, Hanley AJ et al. Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance have distinct lipoprotein and apolipoprotein changes: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98: 1622-1630, 2013. 5. Petersen JL, McGuire DK. Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose - a review of diagnosis, clinical implications and management. Diabetes Vasc Dis Res 2: 9-15, 2005. 6. Standl E. Dysglycemia and abdominal obesity. Curr Vasc Pharmacol 10: 678

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Insulin Resistance, Glycemia and Cortisol Levels in Surgical Patients who Had Preoperative Caloric Load with Amino Acids

. Ljunqvist O. To fast or not to fast? Metabolic preparation for elective surgery. Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition. 2004; 48(2): 77-82. 9. Ljunqvist O. Modulating postoperative insulin resistance by preoperative carbohydrate loading.Best Practice &Research Clinical Anesthesiology. 2003; 23: 401-409. 10. Faria MS, de Aguilar-Nuscimento JE, et al. Preoperative fasting of 2 hours minimizes insulin resistance and organic response to trauma after video-chole cystectomy: randomized, controlled, clinical trial. World J Surg. 2009; 33: 1158

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A systematic review on the effect of Ramadan on mental health: minor effects and no harm in general, but increased risk of relapse in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

Introduction Relevance of Ramadan Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, referred to as the Holy Month. Fasting during Ramadan is one of the five religious duties of adult Moslems. Moslems who participate will abstain from eating, drinking and smoking during the day from sunrise to sundown. During Ramadan, all wrongdoings including self-destructive behaviour and anger towards others are prohibited. Moslems with severe diseases can refrain from fasting during Ramadan. However, it may not be clear to doctors who is fit or unfit for

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Serum levels of nitrite/nitrate, lipid profile, and Fasting Plasma Glucose and their associations in subclinical hypothyroid women before and after a two month treatment by levothyroxine


Background. Subclinical hypothyroidism (sHT) is a condition defined by elevated TSH values with normal levels of free thyroid hormones. Altered metabolic status is one of the consequences of sHT which can affect serum levels of FPG, lipid profile, and nitric oxide which propounds cardiovascular consequences per se. The aim of this study was to determine the possible effects of sHT on nitrite/nitrate levels, as a marker of endothelial performance.

Materials and Methods. 50 females were enrolled in this study, 25 women as control group and 25 women as case group (evaluated two times: before and after levothyroxine therapy). Blood samples were collected and levels of FPG, lipid profile components, and nitric oxide were measured spectrophotometrically. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 18 software.

Results. The levels of lipid profile (except for TG between before and after group, p < 0.05) and nitric oxide did not differ in groups while FPG was significantly higher in case groups in comparison to control group (p < 0.001). Nitric oxide had no correlations with any of variables except for LDL in after treatment group (p < 0.05 and r = 0.397).

Conclusion. Nitric oxide does not have correlation with components of lipid profile (except for LDL) or FPG and has no differences in subclinical hypothyroid patients and control group. Levothyroxine therapy during 2 months cannot alter the levels of nitric oxide in subclinical hypothyroid patients.

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The Economic Impact of Consumer Purchases in Fast Fashion Stores

References Amin & Jahan Corporation. (2018). Consumer behaviour, fast fashion, and sustainability . Retrieved 2019, from Boohoo. (2015). Annual report and accounts for the year ended 28 february 2015. Retrieved 2019, from Boohoo. (2017). Annual report and accounts 2017. Retrieved 2019, from http

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Paulownia Tomentosa, a Fast Growing Timber

biomass crop for Northern Ireland?” AFBI (Agri-Food and bioscience Institute) Occasional publication No. 7, 2008. [17] Yadav Niraj Kumarmangalam, Brajesh Nanda Vaidya, Kyle Henderson, Jennifer Frost Lee, Whitley Marshay Stewart, Sadanand Arun Dhekney, Nirmal Joshee. “A Review of Paulownia Biotechnology: A Short Rotation, Fast Growing Multipurpose Bioenergy Tree” American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2013, 4, 2070-2082 Published Online November 2013. [18] Zhao-Hua Zhu, Ching-Ju Chao, Xin-Yu Lu, Xiong Yao Gao “Paulownia in China: cultivation

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Determinants of Customer Satisfaction in Fast Food Industry A Study of Fast Food Restaurants Peshawar Pakistan

References Athanassopoulos, A. D. (March 2000). Customer Satisfaction Cues To Support Market Segmentation and Explain Switching Behavior. Journal of Business Research, Volume 47 (3), 191-207. Ayse Ozfer Ozcelik, L. S. A. a. M. S. S. (2007). An Evaluation of Fast-Food Preferences According to Gender. Humanity & Social Sciences Journal, 2 (1), 43-50. Boukili, A. B. M. (2007-2008). Brand Management Process: How to Build, Measure and Manage Brand Equity Case study: McDonald’s, the Fast Food Super

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Higher plasma C-reactive protein and lower plasma adiponectin are associated with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness in patients with impaired glucose regulation

References 1. The prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2002; 25:742-9. 2. Nathan DM, Davidson MB, DeFronzo RA, Heine RJ, Henry RR, Pratley R, et al. Impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance: implications for care. Diabetes Care. 2007; 30:753-9. 3. Richard EP, Matfin G. Pre-diabetes: Clinical Relevence and Therapeutic Approach. Br J Diabetes Vasc Dis. 2007; 7:120-9. 4. Group TDS. Age- and sex-specific prevalences of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in 13

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